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LGBT People Of History Part Sixteen Jane Addams
Born on September 6th 1860 in Cedarville, Illinois, into a large family was Jane Addams.
Jane Addams is considered to be a pioneer. She founded Hull House, in Chicago, and was also a public philosopher, sociologist, author, leader in the women suffrage movement as a well as a leader in world peace.
Addams attended Rockford Female Seminary in Illinois graduating with a collegiate certificate in 1881. She had big dreams of being a doctor and helping the poor, but sadly a short while later after her father died. Addams and her family moved to Philadelphia where she attended the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia with her sister. Addams only completed her first year in the college as she had health problems - curvature of the spine. A spinal operation and a nervous breakdown would prevent her from completing her degree and reaching her one true dream of being a doctor.
In 1889 Addams and her friend co-founded Hull House in Chicago. At its height it was visited weekly by around two thousand people. The many facilities included a night school for adults, a kindergarten, clubs for older children, a public kitchen, an art gallery, a coffee house, a gymnasium, a girls' club, a bathhouse, a book bindery, a music school, a drama group and a library as well as labour-related divisions. Hull House afforded an opportunity for young social workers to acquire training. Eventually, Hull House became a thirteen-building settlement complex, which included a playground and a summer camp and was known as Bowen Country Club.
Jane Addams was a lesbian and throughout her life she became close to many women. One in particular - Mary Rozet Smith - was her lifelong partner, best friend and with whom she had a romantic friendship.
In 1931 Jane became the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. She donated her share of the prize money to the “Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.”
Sadly on May 25th 1935 Jane Addams died.
Callum & Ian
Thanks To Wikipedia.
Here Are Links To Our Other LGBT People Of History Series
- LGBT People Of History Collection
Here are the links to each of the LGBT People Of History hubs that Ian and I have wrote. As mentioned above, each time a new one is published you will find it on here.
- LGBT People Of History Part Ten Oscar Wilde
Born 16th October 1854 in Dublin, Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde was the son of two intellectuals of Dublin and from an early age was fluent in both French and German. He showed wit and high intelligence from a very early age. Oscar...
- LGBT People of History 11 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a famous Russian composer. Some say his music is simplistic, childlike and raucous. We think it is full of emotion and passion. He was born in 1840 and was actually trained for the Civil Service. However he managed to...
- LGBT People Of History Part Twelve Marcel Proust
Valentin Louis Georges Eugene Marcel Proust was born in Auteuil near Paris in 1871. He suffered asthma for almost the entirety of his life. Partly because of this he was bullied at school. However he did manage to serve for a year in the French...
- LGBT People of History 13 - Diaghilev and Nijinsky
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (1872 – 1929) was a Russian impresario who founded the Ballet Russe and took the world by storm in the early twentieth century.
- LGBT People Of History Part Fourteen W.H Auden
Born Wystan Hugh Auden in February of 1907 in the city of York, England. He was the son of a professional middle class family. They later moved to Birmingham in England which was a big industrial city, where Auden grew up.
- LGBT People of History 15 - Jean Cocteau
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (1889 – 1963) was a person of contradictions and a leading light in the avant-garde artistic movement in France in the early part of the twentieth century. He counted the likes of Picasso, Modigliani, Proust, Jean