ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

LGBT People Of History Part Sixty Two Leonard Bernstein

Updated on April 12, 2012
Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein | Source
Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York City Symphony (1945)
Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York City Symphony (1945) | Source

Leonard Bernstein

Born Louis Bernstein on August 25th 1918 in Lawrence, Massachusetts to his Jewish Ukrainian parents Samuel and Jennie Bernstein.

His grandmother had insisted on him being called Louis, though his parents always referred to him as Leonard. He later changed his name officially to Leonard when he was just fifteen.

He was among the first American conductors to be born and educated in the United States to receive world wide acclaim.

He was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer and also a pianist.

After he graduated from Boston Latin School, he attended Harvard University. Majoring in Music in 1939 with a BA cum laude, he went on to enrol at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia where he studied conducting.

He moved to New York where he was the replacement conductor at a concert at Carnegie Hall and an overnight success. He became the musical director of the New York Symphony Orchestra and started composing around this time.

After the war he toured Europe and started a life-long relationship with Israel. He became very well-known due to his exuberant and emotional conducting style and also from his television appearances. He had collaborations with Shostakovich, Sondheim and Copland. His musical taste was expansive – not only classical. His own compositions for ‘West Side Story’, as well as ‘Candide’ and ‘On the Town’ became famous in their own right.

Bernstein was gay. He was married to Felicia Cohn Montealegrein 1951 and they had three children. It is probable that this marriage was one of convenience but it seemed that they loved each other as friends. He would have extra- marital relationships with men according to many sources. In 1976 he decided he could no longer hide his homosexuality and left his wife to live with writer Tom Cothran. He died of AIDS in 1981. After this Bernstein seemed to indulge himself in various sexual exploits.

Politically he leant to the left campaigning for example for the banning of nuclear weapons.

Bernstein performed many concerts with all the major classical music figures, wrote much music and became a world renowned figure. One of the most important events in his career was the performances of Beethoven’s 9th in both West and East Berlin in December 1989. The audience was estimated at 100 million.

Announcing his retirement in 1990 he died only five days later from pneumonia and a pleural tumour. He was only 72 years old.

Callum & Ian

With Thanks To Wikipedia

Our New LGBT People Of History Website
Our New LGBT People Of History Website | Source
LGBT People Of History Archive
LGBT People Of History Archive | Source
Quentin Crisp
Quentin Crisp | Source
Frankie Howerd
Frankie Howerd | Source


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • alian346 profile image


      6 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      What a talented, passionate man!



    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)