ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Gender and Relationships»
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender

LGBT People of History 27 - Alan L Hart

Updated on April 26, 2012
Alan L Hart
Alan L Hart | Source
Alan L Hart
Alan L Hart | Source

Alan L Hart


Alan Lucille Hart (1890 – 1962) was born in Kansas and was assigned female at birth. He spent an idyllic childhood dressing and behaving as a boy. At school he was obliged to dress and behave as a girl. He hated this. During his later school years he would write essays about ‘male’ subjects under a male pseudonym. He obtained an MD degree from the University of Oregon. The degree was issued in his female name and at the time this limited his opportunities.


In 1917, Hart and Dr Joshua Gilbert held discussions and Hart eventually convinced him that he required the removal of otherwise healthy tissue so that he could live as a man. (Previously Magnus Hirschfeld had set a precedent for sex reassignment surgery for female to male (FTM) for Karl Baer.) After his surgery, Hart changed his name and got married to Inez Stark.


After a traumatic start to his medical career (eg one of his old medical school classmates outed him as a woman forcing them to move) resulting in many moves and unreliable finances, Inez left him. They divorced soon after. He then married Edna Ruddick and this marriage lasted until he died. His career then took off and he specialised in tuberculosis and radiology at various locations throughout the US. He became one of the most eminent specialists in these fields of medicine and his research contributed to reducing the death rate from this horrible disease to one fiftieth of what it had been. Quite a man!


After WW2, synthetic hormones became available and because of this Hart could now grow a beard and his voice became deeper. He was also a writer of fictional stories and novels.


He died of heart failure in 1962 leaving his widow, Edna. He led a fruitful and fulfilling life.


Ian and Callum.

With thanks to Wikipedia.


Here is a link to all of our Hubs on LGBT People of History:


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • alian346 profile image
      Author

      alian346 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      Thanks again, Dexter. He certainly accomplished a lot of good work on behalf of others - an inspiration!

      Ian.

    • Dexter Yarbrough profile image

      Dexter Yarbrough 5 years ago from United States

      Another great one. The life of Dr. Hart is a perfect example of how events in our lives may seem devastating, but if we persevere, things can turn around for the better.

      You guys are awesome. I look forward to seeing and learning more. Voted up, up and away!

    • alian346 profile image
      Author

      alian346 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      And did so much good work for the benefit of others...

      Ian.

    • calpol25 profile image

      Callum 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (At Home With My Wonderful Partner)

      Brilliant Ian - I love this hub Alan is fascinating :)