Are Humans a Mistake?
When you are lying on your deathbed, a few very important questions come to mind. You may ask yourself what you accomplished, whose lives you have changed, and if you believed in God. Theses are tough questions, but lets just consider the last one. Do you believe in God? Does God even exist? God does exist, and here are three reasons: The law of Entropy in accordance with the beginning of creation, the complexity of the universe we live in, and the moral law.
The beginning of the universe is a complicated issue. There are two popular atheist theories for how the earth started. First, some atheists say that the universe has always been here and will always be here. This is a popular idea because it eliminates the issue of explaining how the universe started; however, there are many issues with this idea. One primary contradiction taken from modern science is a law known as the Second Law of Thermodynamics, or “entropy.” Entropy is the idea that everything is becoming more and more disordered. If this is true, the world cannot have always been here. If the universe were infinite then the world would have ended an infinite amount of time ago because of entropy; therefore, the universe would never have existed. So, this theory is flawed. The universe had to have a beginning.
The second theory that atheists believe is the “big bang.” This was a promising idea when Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe was becoming larger and larger and every piece of matter was moving away from a central point where the big bang was said to occur. Scientists calculated that this explosion, which started the universe, occurred 13.7 billion years ago. The big bang is thought to have occurred starting with the universe being contained in an almost infinitely dense spot of energy about the size of a dime, which then exploded to create all space, matter, energy, and time. This comes from Einstein’s equation E=mc2, which proves that matter can come from energy. Entropy makes this idea of the universe spontaneously generating not plausible. How can something as organized as the universe come out of nothing? One atheist argued that possibly there is an equal and opposite universe that was generated at the same time as ours; however, this is an astronomically unlikely scenario. If this were true, then during the process of writing this paper, there was an anti-paper being written in another universe. This is not plausible. Also, how did that first infinitely dense spot come about? E=mc2 doesn’t prove that energy or matter can spontaneously generate. You have to already have one or the other. So, where did the energy come from? There has to be a creator.
Now, an atheist would argue, then what created God? They say, if everything created has to have a creator then God has to have a creator. This idea is a difficult one to argue with. Everything humans see had a beginning, so the idea of something not having a beginning is illogical. However, There had to be something that started our existence. This “something” could not have had a beginning. This is what we call God. God is “the” Creator. He is the one that started “creation” which is what we live in.
The Universe is extremely complex. Michael Denton, in his book Evolution: A Theory in Crisis, states:
Although the tiniest bacterial cells are incredibly small, weighing less than 10-12 grams, each is in effect a veritable microminiaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery, made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms, far more complicated than any machine built by man and absolutely without parallel in the non-living world.
Denton is solely talking about a cell. Think about the universe’s complexity. According to Discover Magazine, there are approximately 300 sextillion stars in the universe. That is 300,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars! Another complex system is that of the human brain. In Daniel Levitin’s book This is Your Brain on Music, he states,
The average brain consists of one hundred billion (100,000,000,000) neurons. … Each neuron is connected to other neurons- usually one thousand to ten thousand others. Just four neurons can be connected in sixty-three ways, or not at all, for a total of sixty-four possibilities. As the number of neurons increases, the number of possible connections grows exponentially...The number of combinations becomes so large that it is unlikely we will ever understand all the possible connections in the brain, or what they mean. The number of combinations possible- and hence the number of possible different thoughts or brain states each of us can have- exceeds the number of known particles in the entire known universe. (Levitin, 85-86)
How could all of these complex systems come from nothing? The only explanation outside of creation would be Darwin’s theory of evolution, which would explain this phenomenon by saying it took millions of years with slight modifications (Darwin). This would have been a plausible idea until Michael Behe explained the idea of irreducible complexity. Irreducible complexity is when something could not have gone through many slight modifications to get to its current state of complexity, because everything that it possesses is necessary for it to be what it is. In other words, it could not have gone through many small changes to become what it is. For example, a chair cannot be a chair without all its parts. If you took the seat off a chair, no one could sit on it. If you took any one leg from the chair, it would be imbalanced (Behe, ideacenter.org).
The cell requires every single one of its parts to be a cell. If you took away any one part from the cell, it would no longer be a cell. This shows that slight modifications could not have created a cell, so evolution cannot be the answer to how all these complex systems were made. Instead, a creator is needed. Even if evolution is how the rest of the universe is created, it couldn’t have created the first cell.
Also, think of the idea of males and females. How could something that is evolving require another being to continue its existence? The chances of both beings evolving at the same rate and still requiring each other are extremely low. If evolution were the way the universe was created, then the beings would be self-reliable.
Another argument for God’s existence is the moral law. The moral law is believed to be natural laws that every ordinary person knows about, but has the option whether or not to obey the laws. This is unlike laws such as gravity, which we don’t have an option whether or not to obey. T.L. Beauchamp and J.F. Childress argue that four ethical principles undergird much of bio ethics, and are common to virtually all cultures and societies:
- Respect for autonomy - the principle that a rational individual should be given freedom in personal decision-making, without undue outside coercion.
- Justice - the requirement for fair, moral, and impartial treatment of all persons.
- Beneficence - the mandate to treat others in their best interest.
- Nonmaleficence - "First do no harm" (as in the Hippocratic Oath)(Collins, 243-44).
These four principles are what many people believe are known as the moral law. This means that every sane person, no matter what country or culture, has these four values implanted inside of him or her. C.S. Lewis said that every desire has something that can fulfill it. When you are hungry, you can eat food. Sexual desires are fulfilled by sex. However, there is another desire that Lewis talks about. It is the hole in our hearts that everyone tries to fill with things like vacations or money or spouses but still can’t seem to satisfy the desire. Because of this, he says we must not be made for this world but instead another world where this desire can be fulfilled. These universal ideas have to come from something. The most likely possibility is a God (Lewis).
Another argument in accordance with irreducible complexity is that of Thomas Aquinas:
We see that things which lack knowledge, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God (Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Article 3, Question 2).
Aquinas argues that knowledge cannot come from nothing. Intelligent beings had to have something pushing them towards intelligence. You cannot get an intelligent brain that is able to ponder why we exist from nothing.
A God is necessary. There had to be something that started our existence, there has to be an explanation for the complexity of our universe, and there has to be something that implanted the moral law, along with intelligence, into our brains. There have been many attempts to “debunk” these arguments. It is highly unlikely there will never come a time when someone will be able to completely throw them out. God is not fake. So, when you are lying there on your deathbed and you ask yourself if you believed in God or not, you better believe.
Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Benziger Bros., 1947. Print.
Behe, Michael. "Irreducible Complexity." IDEA. n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.
Collins, Francis S. The Language of God. 1st ed. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster,
Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species. New York, NY: Random House Value
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Denton, Michael. Evolution: A Theory in Crisis. Chevy Chase, MD: Adler & Adler, 1986.
Griswold, Britt. "Number of Stars." Discover Magazine. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.
Levitin, Daniel J. This is Your Brain on Music. 1st ed. New York, NY: Penguin Group,
Lewis, Clive. Mere Christianity. 1st ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2001. Print.
Wollack, Edward. "Age of the Universe." WMAP. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.