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Bible: What Does 2 Chronicles 6-11 Teach Us About the Reigns of Solomon and Rehoboam?
Solomon's Prayer of Dedication
Except for a few minor, yet meaningful additions (vv. 6, 11, 13), the chronicler records the prayer of Solomon (vv. 1-40) as it appears in 1 Kings 8:14-50a.
[He mentions that Jerusalem was the name of the city chosen for God's name to dwell (v. 6); the Kings author does not.
In verse eleven he writes that God made the covenant with the children of Israel, whereas the author of 1 Kings records: " . . . our fathers when He brought them out of the land of Egypt."
And finally, he gives a detailed description of the platform upon which Solomon stood as he made his prayer of dedication (v. 13)].
The end of Solomon's prayer is different in the two accounts.
1 Kings 8:50b-53 asks for God to forgive and grant compassion on His inheritance, for He has separated Israel from the rest of the world.
On the other hand, the Chronicles’ records delete those words, and then add a prayer that God would take His place as King, and enable His saints to rejoice in His goodness.
In addition, he requests that the LORD remember His covenant with David (vv. 41-42; cf. Ps. 132:8-10).
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Israel's Worship of the Great God
2 Chronicles 7
Following Solomon's prayer God shows His acceptance of their worship by consuming the sacrifices with fire.
His Shekinah cloud fills the temple, again interrupting priestly ministration (cf. 2 Chron. 5:13b-14); meanwhile, in awe of His power, the people prostrate themselves before the LORD and sing praises to Him (vv. 1-3).
Afterwards, they dedicate the temple by offering well over one hundred thousand beasts and joining the priests and Levites in praise to God with voice and instrument (vv. 4-6).
Verses seven through eleven present further consecration and celebration (cf. 1 Kings 8:64-66).
The chronicler provides a fuller record of God's second appearance to Solomon than does the author of 1 Kings 9.
Whereas the latter scribe merely combines two verses in 9:3— namely, 2 Chronicles 7:12,16—the former also includes divine instruction for His chosen ones to follow when He is chastening them (self-humiliation, prayer, and repentance) in order that they might return to His favor (vv. 13-15).
The remaining parts of both accounts (9:4-9 and 7:17-22) are nearly identical.
Tyre, Lebanon (Home of Hiram)
Solomon's Building Projects
2 Chronicles 8
Omitting Solomon's shrewd dealings with Hiram (cf. 1 Kings 9:10-14) and mention of Pharaoh's present for his daughter, Solomon's wife, (1 Kings 9:16), the chronicler instead reports about the building projects which the king undertook in various cities (vv. 2-6; cf. 1 Kings 9:17-19).
After noting the slave labor forced upon the heathen in the land (vv. 7-10; cf. 1 Kings 9:20-23), he refers to a prohibition Solomon placed upon Pharaoh's wife (v. 11).
[While maintaining diplomatic relations with the world's monarchs and peoples, Solomon also seemed to try to keep a somewhat right perspective toward holiness at this stage in his reign].
While the author of 1 Kings is content merely to mention a verse about the three yearly sacrifices (see 1 Kings 9:25), the chronicler delineates very specific details about the daily rate according to Moses, and the service of the priests according to the dictates of David (vv. 12-16).
Finally, he records some dealings with Hiram (vv. 17-18).
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2 Chronicles 9
1 Kings 10:1-29 and this chapter (vv. 1-28) are practically identical.
However, instead of discussing the personal apostasy and the adversaries of Solomon (cf. 1 Kings 11:1-40), the chronicler tacks the typical formula (place of further history, length of reign, death, burial, and successor) onto the end of the record of his great wealth (vv. 29-31).
[He does provide the names of the men who compiled information about Solomon's reign: Nathan, Ahijah, and Iddo (v. 29)].
2 Chronicles 10-11
Except for 1 Kings 12:20 (which deals with Jeroboam—a subject the chronicler does not discuss in detail, for he reports only about kings of Judah), 2 Chronicles 10:1-11:4 and 1 Kings 12:1-24 are practically identical.
As king of Judah, Rehoboam strengthens the defenses of many cities (vv. 5-12).
Faithful Levites and priests, rejected by Jeroboam, follow Rehoboam to Jerusalem, and a multitude of other Israelites, desiring to worship Yahweh at the new temple, return to Judah also (vv. 13-16).
These believers make Rehoboam strong for three years (v. 17); on his part, the king does nothing to weaken his position, dispersing some of his many sons throughout Judah and Benjamin (vv. 18-23).
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