ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Dangerous myths

Updated on March 2, 2012
Questionable beliefs can turn anyone into the equivalent of a zombie
Questionable beliefs can turn anyone into the equivalent of a zombie

Reward after death

One of the most controversial ideas is the concept of anything after death. Whether there is some kind of life or consciousness, heavenly or hellish states, immediate or delayed reincarnation or transmigration, or just plain nothingness and oblivion, we have no objective or empirical way of knowing with certainty. One such idea widely held is the concept of some kind of reward or punishment after death, which we can't objectively prove. There are a lot of ideas out there, many of them ancient and there are some new ideas too, but none of them have much by way of verifiable scientific proof. In the modern era, scientific proof that is considered valid must be both rigorous and independently repeated. Perhaps one of the problems is being able to prove anything in a concrete way when we hear stories of those who have near death experiences. Myths that are told usually to the young are believed by them because they often have nothing else to compare them to. Therefore they are forced to rely on reports from their elder and peers. This usually is handed down from generation to generation in this fashion. This has been the nature of religious belief for most of history. Now that we have the internet, the written word, comparative philosophical and religious analysis and new findings we see that a lot has been held back and that basic ideas have changed over the course of centuries. In essence, much of what we have been told is a lie and this throws much doubt on the rest of the story. Even in reasonably contemporary times, the Bible has gone through many changes, some of which can be tracked in the later 20th century in various fundamentalist rewordings in the Bible from the original Greek. Among them are how believers are to greet one another and a translation from how royalty dresses into homosexual. Just in the King James Version we can find renderings from Greek words such as philia, charitos, eros and agape into the single English word love. The same is true for aeon, gia and cosmon which render into our word world, This alone has generated a lot of misunderstanding.

We are told for instance in Christendom that "God is love" but if you are still in sin and have not met the requirements of a belief system you are doomed to eternal torture. Alternately, if you present yourself a living sacrifice against the infidel by wearing a bomb belt and blowing up the enemy and yourself, you will immediately go to an afterlife pleasure paradise with Allah that seems like a feast and sex scene out of Fellini's Satyricon. In this scenario, you don't even have to accept a personal savior as required by Christians. As a Hindu, upon death you are immediately reincarnated to a birth of blessing or accursedness according to the “divine law of karma”. In some sects, you could reincarnate as an animal or insect. This latter idea extends into Buddhism, where some sects don't want to trample on crawling insects as they could be the reincarnation of an ancestor or parent. Within each system of belief there is a virtual galaxy of sects, each condemning the other as in darkness or wrong. Within the context of Christianity alone there are myriad differences that have split along various differences in belief. At last report, there are some 300,000 variants of Christianity. Being mutual in condemnation of all the others, we have Catholicism, Protestantism, Seventh Day Adventism, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Fundamentalists and Evangelicals to name but a tiny few. Given this, a whole lot else too, it is an open question as to what is the truth. To many, the existence of this simple comparison is an act of blasphemy that would warrant a death penalty from all of these groups. Despite the array of differences and mutual hatred that exists, they can all unite on a single focus; hatred of gay people. Not everyone can be right at the same time. If these many philosophies can't even agree on how we are to conduct ourselves in the physical reality, how can we trust any one of them in regions that are so far, speculative. Thus this is the danger in reward after death myths.

The reason why this works is due to a fundamental reality of human nature; i.e., the desire for acceptance by others; the community, parents, siblings and peers. We are born utterly defenseless and totally reliant on the parents who must feed and educate us to the stage where we can become fully independent. In the days when we were much closer to nature, this was healthy and the young got the education they needed to survive and pass this on to their children when they reached the age to survive on their own. As mankind developed civilization, each one adopted the circumstances and experiences of the natural world in their locale. Sky and seasonal observations were woven into poems that were first handed down by word of mouth and later recorded on pottery, stone and paper. If they had access to computers, they would have been recorded there, just as we do now. All of this was only possible with the advent of agriculture and the development of foodstuff surplus value that allowed mankind to break away from hand to mouth hunter-gatherer living. Specialization also turned to sky watching and thus myth was born that was to eventually include the idea of an afterlife; reward and punishment.

Each region developed myths that had a common theme as they observed the same skies, but differed in detail due to the correlation of local seasons, plants and animal cycles to the sky throughout the year. Myths thus developed for each region. This is where all the different ideas come from when one looks into comparative religion and philosophy. Today we continue to evolve new myths and philosophy based on contemporary experience. We have influential equivalents of religion such as capitalism, monetarism, Epistemological objectivism, existentialism, science, consumerism, socialism, communism, Marxism, anarchism and the like. We also have the myth of the super hero that saves us continually from disasters, natural and man-made. None of these propose anything but reward in the here and now. Some are individualist and egoist oriented and others are collectivist. But woven within contemporary philosophy are the old belief systems of religion that hold most of us in thrall. The existing powers today recognize the power of belief coupled with the need to belong. This is used by them for extension of power and acquisition of wealth and territory. All of the existing powers are in competition for territory and surplus value. All surplus value comes from labor taking resources nature provides and reshaping them for human use. Religion with all its unfounded and unproven promises is used to get those under the influence thereof to do the bidding of the leaders, which are usually expressed through warfare and all its evils to extend territory. Religion in its exaggerated form, degenerates into pathology, which can lead to all sorts of bizarre results.

Of all the belief systems out there, the one that most closely matches reality is recorded in the Vedas. Therein we find all the states of experience that humanity endures. The Vedas also describe the condition of karma which is generally comparable to "You reap what you sow" as described in the Bible. But the Vedas resolve this balancing of accounts through reincarnation; Christians through heaven and hell. The Vedas give people many chances. Christianity gives just one life to get it right. Who is right? Ultimately no one knows exactly outside of theory and speculation. Yet it is just all this speculation that has led to so much trouble in the world from terrorist attacks, mass suicide, torture, genocide, bullying assaults, coercion, threats and intimidation that extends from the homeless poor all the way to the halls of power. Rewards of many kinds are promised and all too often not delivered. Thus, the concept of reward is delayed to the next life or the afterlife when one dies from the physical. Followers will, not knowing better, throw themselves into the task to become worthy and the end of them is unknown after they die. Often, within a few years, most people are entirely forgotten after death. Time and nature moves inexorably on.

Science has recently tackled the field of consciousness and the death state. Once considered outside of the field of scientific investigation, Francis Crick opened the doors to such investigation in some of his books. Since then, science has dived headlong into the question of the nature of consciousness and has produced some interesting observations. But so far, the nature of the after death state has remained out of reach; and so we are left with all the various faith based explanations and all the dangers attached thereto. Even science is not outside of the influence of such speculations and these are promulgated to the people at large. Science in the context of contemporary society managed by the oligarchs is also shaped by the bottom line of profit. Science can take both sides of a single question and substantiate them with proofs. We see this most often in the fields of the environment and nutrition and this conflict is producing an anti-trust in science by those outside of the scientific view. All too often, science is reduced to a belief system like religion and myth that has its own dangers. But of all fields, science should not be the reserve of faith, but of objectivity and rigorous proof as originally conceived. The Scientific approach may or may not ultimately answer the question of the after death state and what happens there. It may be like asking the question; "What is life like one mile north of the North Pole?" as stated by Stephen Hawking.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      8 years ago from Dayton, ohio

      "Dig deep enough and you can find direct links between Jesus Christ and the sun."

      True. Jesus Christ IS the Son/sun. He is the light and life of the world.

      When his kingdom is established this world will know longer need the sun. He will be the source of light and truth, the eternal Sun/son.

      Just my understanding and faith concerning these things. An excellent hub.

    • syzygyastro profile imageAUTHOR

      William J. Prest 

      9 years ago from Vancouver, Canada

      To Freeway Flyer: I could not agree more and I can sum up by saying justice delayed is justice denied. If we wait for some afterlife where accounts are to be settled, then this provides the perfect excuse for now to deny justice. Injustices, as you say, cannot be corrected retroactively. To do this would be to violate causality for one thing. If we kill people for their territory or resources, we can't raise them from the dead. And speaking of that popular myth, its source is in sky lore where the sun is resurrected every day and also has an annual cycle of "resurrection from the dead" at Christmas time. In fact, dig deep enough and you can find direct links between Jesus Christ and the sun.

      We also have to deal with becoming too rigid in support of a popular scientific theory. One problem is money that often corrupts science. We are thus, stuck in fossil fuel mode when science can demonstrate that alternative energy can be viable. Once science gets "locked in" to a popular idea, then it, as you say, can become a new catechism and thus no different than articles of faith in a religion. The scientific method was designed to break out of mythological boxes and locked in concepts.

      At the beginning of both the 20th and 21st century, we were told that we were at the end of science, but nothing can be further from the truth.

    • Freeway Flyer profile image

      Paul Swendson 

      9 years ago

      The scientific method must be distinguished from the current conclusions of science. So long as the scientific method is rigorously followed, progress should be made. Problems arise, however, when people become too attached to a scientific theory and it becomes orthodoxy (kind of like religious doctrine).

      Concepts of the afterlife are largely developed in order to deal with the reality of injustice. For whatever reason, humans want to believe in some kind of a benevolent creative force. But if this force exists, then how do you deal with the obvious injustices in the world? So we develop concepts of the afterlife that will be some form of judgment day. The problem, however, is that injustices cannot be made right after they have occurred. If you get the chance, let me know what you think of this:

      Great topic. Thanks.

    • Tom T profile image

      Tom T 

      9 years ago from Orange County, CA

      I enjoyed your hub. I am a christian and I do have faith. I acknowledge that I can not directly prove the existence of God or a reward after life but I see the evidence indirectly. There are those who rely on science to suggest that there is no God or reward after life also can not prove that God nor an eternal reward does not exist. Ironically, in a sense they are relying on faith as well. My guess is this age old debate will carry on for as long as mankind exists.

    • syzygyastro profile imageAUTHOR

      William J. Prest 

      9 years ago from Vancouver, Canada

      It just so happens that science has given much support both to the Noah story and the Exodus of Moses. I am working up the history based on hard science. I'm happy for your belief and can say that science can't answer all questions, but then again can anyone else and there are issues that have to be taken on faith or face value.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Good hub; good questions. As a Christian, I'm going to tell you that we believe by Faith, not by what science can or cannot prove, but that's just my belief.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)