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How to Study Revelation and Why

Updated on January 24, 2015

This is where I started the Bible class that I taught at church. I started with this question. How do you approach a study on the book of Revelation, and why study a book so filled with hard-to-interpret imagery?

Revelation is the last book in the New Testament and it describes the revelation from Christ, the ‘reveal-er.’ Much of what is revealed is described with imagery and symbolic language.

Before I get to the why and how, there are some basic points to be made, first, about its source.

The source of Revelation

The chain of transmission of this revelation originates from the Father. He gave Jesus this revelation. Jesus sent an angel to John. John was shown the visions some directly by Christ, some by an angel. John then shared the entire revelation with the seven churches of Asia.

15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Matthew 24

SIDE NOTE: Though several structures had been erected to pagan deities on the Temple Mount, the one that has been there the longest and fits the dates foretold of in the book of Daniel is the Al-Aqsa mosque; first built in the 7th century and is there, even today. Some say the "abomination of desolation" has been seen or set up since then.

God the Father → God the Son → Angels → John → 7 Churches → God’s other servants

Much of the imagery is from the book of Daniel, found in the Old Testament (OT). Several centuries before Christ's first coming, Daniel foretells from visions he received what will happen in the time of the end. The book of Revelation is the book which Daniel was told to seal in Daniel 12:4.

Both Daniel (12:10) and Matthew (24:15) wrote that the wise are to understand the time of the end. The book of Revelation is one venue by which we can gain this understanding. If there is one thing I know about myself it is that I'm always seeking to understand such things, so I gladly take this encouragement to seriously seek to understand Revelation.

Opening the sealed scroll


Why study Revelation?

Here are 5 key reasons why to study the book of Revelation:

1. Revelation looks behind:

There are about 550 references back to the OT. The majority of the things found in the first twenty chapters of the Book of Revelation are found elsewhere in the OT; like in Daniel, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Zechariah, Psalms, etc.

2. Revelation looks ahead:

The prophesies in Revelation uncover and disclose some of the future. The OT prophets never foresaw beyond the coming Messianic Kingdom. It is in the last two chapters of Revelation totally new things are found about what is to happen after the Messianic Kingdom is established.

As the apostle Paul explained in Ephesians (1:17-19), believers in Christ are to expect to know "the hope of His calling" and the inheritance that awaits His saints.

4 For whatever is born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith. 5 Who is he who overcomes the world, but he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? 1 John 5:4-5

3. The prophesies in Revelation help our understanding of whole Bible and God’s plan:

Revelation is a lens that puts the entire Bible into focus. It takes the scattered OT prophecies and puts them in chronological order so that the sequence of events may be determined. (I will show this in my upcoming hub articles, and the final goal—Victory!)

4. God promises those who read/hear and keep this prophesy will be blessed:

In Revelation chapters 2-3, it says to each of the seven churches, “Listen to what the Spirit says to the churches.” A study of Revelation will show us what the Spirit is also telling believers.

Revelation also promises seven specific blessings, often referred to as the The Seven Beatitudes of Revelation. These are in verses 1:3; 14:13; 16:15; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7, 14.

These promised blessings encourage our faithfulness in two ways:

  1. by showing that, even though evil seems to prevail, God is in control of all the major events of human history.
  2. Also, they promise Christ will return to punish the wicked and fetch His bride, the faithful saints.

Roadmap Through Revelation
Roadmap Through Revelation

The author wrestles to do his own interpretation. This is very readable and provides a detailed explanation of events in Revelation that overlap, with great charts.


5. This prophesy insulates us from heresy:

The prophesies of Revelation, by foretelling what will come, insulates us from being taken by any opposing religion or someone claiming to be god.

  • We are not to be surprised or alarmed when many more believers will be martyred.
  • When an economic system is imposed preventing buying and selling for those refusing the mark of allegiance to an Antichrist (claiming to be a savior), we are not to be deceived or succumb.
  • Revelation shows what the outcome will be better for the victors—those who remain faithful to the testimony of Jesus when these things happen.
  • We can see from the book of Revelation that it will be better for these faithful to starve or die, than to change allegiance and so be struck with plagues and thrown in the Lake of Fire.

Do you hold to any of these views more than another? If so, which one?

See results

Approaches of interpretation

The imagery and symbolism used in Revelation has led to very different views on how to interpret the book and what time period it describes. Here are the four main ways to approach the interpretation of Revelation.

1. Preterist: This approach views most, if not all of Revelation as having been fulfilled in the first century with the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.

2. Historist: This views Revelation as a panorama of church history from the time of the apostles until the Second Coming.

3. Idealist: This views Revelation as a depiction of the timeless struggle between good and evil that teaches ideal principles.

4. Futurist: This views Revelation chapters 4-22 as describing real people and events yet to appear on the world scene.

The last view, the Futurist view, is the only one that

  • follows the principles of literal interpretation, and
  • is—I think —superior to the other views. Also,
  • it makes sense that the final book of God’s Word would focus on the future direction of human history and tell us how everything finally comes out in the end; from the struggling church to the bride of Christ.

I lean on this view most, with some from the Idealist view for a meaningful interpretation of some of the symbolism.

Revelation: (Nccs/ New Covenant Commentary)
Revelation: (Nccs/ New Covenant Commentary)

This well-known biblical and NT scholar gets right to the point and provides his own translation of the Greek text. He also draws from the OT and Apocryphal writings at important points.


Outline of Basic Points of Study

I will continue this study in further hub articles by addressing the following things in or about Revelation.

  1. Basic parts
  2. Theme and symbols/imagery
  3. Framework and overview: Stages
  4. Overall framework by chapter
  5. Chronological ordering of 10 key events prophesied about (including the future 3 wars and Jewish Fall Feasts)
  6. Where each new vision is introduced and why this is important
  7. What John indicates as the central idea, or turning point
  8. Key players in Revelation

© 2011 Deidre Shelden


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    • skye2day profile image

      skye2day 3 years ago from Rocky Mountains

      Amen dear sister. Well done good and faithful servant. Keep on sister. U will Phil 4 13 Love you.

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 3 years ago from Texas, USA

      skye2day, We sure do! Isn't that the truth! We need heavenly wisdom and understanding. :)

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 3 years ago from Texas, USA

      skye2day, In this vastness we sure need the Holy Spirit to guide and teach us, don't we? :)

    • skye2day profile image

      skye2day 3 years ago from Rocky Mountains

      Thank you Ms Dee, I have greater understanding of the vastness of interpretation. Thank you. I will return. Blessings to you dear daughter of the KING!

      Love, Skye

    • profile image

      Brenda Durham 6 years ago

      Hi Ms Dee.

      Thanks so much for pointing out the "seven beatitudes of Revelation"!

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 6 years ago from Texas, USA

      Hi, Tamarajo! Exactly. Revelation is actually a summation of the prophesies in the Old Testament about the end times. Then it adds some more to it. I'm working on a hub about what the OT prophesies tell us about what Revelation is saying, too. Right, there is a lot of weeding through what other people think about Revelation's interpretation. Have been working on this for over a year now and am finally coming to my own realizations. I think this series I'm doing on Revelation is going to be a long one.

    • Tamarajo profile image

      Tamarajo 6 years ago

      Revelation has always seemed so cryptic to me because of all the symbols but I have also begun to see the confirmations in current events. I don't always get the future forecast part of it but I do see clearly when it comes to pass.

      It also seems like so many people have differing interpretations of its meaning which creates some confusion as well.

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 6 years ago from Texas, USA

      Sueswan, I'm glad to have your read and comment response! I do not believe in religion, either. I cannot help but believe the Bible is God's word, though. It is amazing how parts relate to other parts written 100s of years, even 1000s, apart in time.

    • profile image

      Sueswan 6 years ago

      Hi Ms Dee

      Very intersting.

      I believe in a higher power but not in organized religion.

      Is the bible, God's word? Perhaps. For me, I don't know.

      Voted up and interesting.

    • Ms Dee profile image

      Deidre Shelden 6 years ago from Texas, USA

      North Wind, thank you for sharing your view. I'm interested to hear the confirmations you have on the Futurist view, looking back at the whole of scripture and Jesus' promise. :)

      Hi, JD! Great to have your follow on this! I will appreciate your evaluation, too.

    • Judah's Daughter profile image

      Judah's Daughter 6 years ago from Roseville, CA

      Hi Ms Dee! I am following along ~ so glad you're taking us on a journey and sharing what you've learned through comparing Daniel and Revelation!

    • North Wind profile image

      North Wind 6 years ago from The World (for now)

      Hello Ms Dee,

      I do believe that there are some prophesies in the Book of Revelation that have not yet been fulfilled. My reason for believing this is that I see how long it took for the prophesy of the coming Messiah to be fulfilled. His coming was foretold by Moses, David, Isaiah and a host of others.

      I do believe that He will come again as He Himself said in the Gospels. His words confirm John's vision in my opinion. I believe He said those things of the times to come so that the followers would be able to compare His words to the vision of John as proof.

      I also believe that He will finish what He started. Mankind will not go on forever like this always steeped in sin. He will put and end to it as He promised.

    • Attikos profile image

      Attikos 6 years ago from East Cackalacky

      Revelation may have been written by the Apostle John, or by one or more of his students, who at the time often signed their work with the name of their philosopher. It may have been a partial dictation of John's, fleshed out by his followers. No one knows.

      It is clear it was a letter to local churches in Asia Minor that were suffering persecutions by the Emperor Domitian. It presents him as a reincarnation or resurrection of Nero, who was a demonic figure to Christians, Jews and other minorities of the day. There was a cult that believed he never had died, or alternatively that he had been brought back to life and would return to wreak havoc on his victims, including Christians.

      Revelation is one of a number of surviving examples of Apocalyptic Literature," a style of writing that originated with the Persians and was adopted by the Jews following the Babylonian captivity. Such writing was highly symbolic, and its symbolism is well known. JRR Tolkien adapted some of it, for example, for Lord of the Rings.

      I hope I will not give offense if I suggest that Revelation speaks to the events of its day, not to those of an envisioned future. It has lessons of value to Christians, indeed to everyone, but it is not prophecy. It is an exhortation to people suffering at the time, telling them to stand strong and to hold their faith against severe persecution by the state and its agents.