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Jerusalem, the Tiny City the World Knows
The United States recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel
Jerusalem is the Capital of the Jewish people in Israel. It should also be the site for the US Embassy as well. A few statistics about Jerusalem you may not have known. Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed 2 times. Thank God for the safety of Jerusalem.
The destroyers were Nebuchadnezzar II (578 B.C.) and Titus (70 A.D.). Please give those writers you read some feedback respectfully on their articles. It would be greatly appreciated. Dr. G
The Romans Leveled the City Down to Nothing and Built Over It
Jerusalem Everyone Knows
This small city, when compared to Tel Aviv, has no harbor, no major rivers, no natural resources, and not a strategic location except to the Jews. Yet the entire world knows of this city. The Holy City of Jerusalem is known because of its significance as being God's footstool, the city of the first Christian gathering, and the capital of Israel.
The Destruction of Jerusalem
Introduction of Jerusalem's Destruction
As I start this study remember what God said about the regathering and return of Jerusalem to the Jews. The regathering of the Jews is the single most important earthly sign in the end times.
"Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.
And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be torn in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.". from Zechariah 12.2, 3
I hope you are curious about what happened to those, both Jews and Gentiles, within Jerusalem when the destruction of God’s footstool by Titus Roman Legions occurred? We can learn from history only when we take the time to study and learn from it.
I find it curious the writers of the New Covenant failed to mention the destruction, including both Luke, John, and Paul who obviously wrote after 65 A.D. However, a number of historians of the period did take time to write on the destruction and from these, we will inform you of what happened.
The Roman Legions Commander
Vespasian, the Roman Emperor from 69 to 79 A.D., was ordered by the then Emperor Nero to attack and take over the city of Jerusalem and the entire area of Judah. Vespasian and his General son Titus succeeded in Judah and Galilee but not Jerusalem. Galilee was now under Roman control.
Shortly after Vespasian and Titus took control of Judah and started their siege of Jerusalem Nero passes in June of 68 A.D. and leaves Rome in a shambles. Anarchy and civil war ensued after his death.
One of Nero’s associates Galba takes over immediate rulership and is murdered by January of 69 A.D. Ortho is next but he is defeated and commits suicide by 16 April of 69 A.D. Next is Vitellius but he is murdered by his own troops by 20 December 69 A.D. Would you have wanted to be Emperor of Rome?
With all the turmoil in Rome and the Roman Empire at stake, Vespasian is encouraged by his own troops to take over leadership in Rome and assumes the Emperor position in late December 69 A.D.
Vespasian cleans up all the mess left over by Nero and his successors: the murders, the corruption, inattention to details of the Empire, the reposition appointments made and not made.
Vespasian restores order to Rome and the Roman Empire. Titus is left to take over the siege of Jerusalem. But remember there is an eighteen month period where the Roman troops in Judah are without leadership and tactical direction on when and how to attack Jerusalem.
Those within the walls of Jerusalem - especially the very young and old - begin to starve due to the lack of incoming supplies on which they depended. Atrophy of the troops and those within Jerusalem sets in from the inactivity. (Josephus, Wars, VI, vi, 1)
The Romans under Titus Attack Jerusalem
Jerusalem and the Jewish People Make it a Land of Milk and Honey
Titus and the 5, 10, 12, and 15th legions attack and level Jerusalem including the 2nd temple. Estimates range from 800,000 to 1.2 million Jews and Gentiles lost their life that day in 70 A.D.
Jews and Gentiles are Slaughtered by the Romans
By now the Romans have surrounded Jerusalem on all sides, but haven’t attacked through December of 69 A.D. Eusebius, an early Church father, and historian, states that "the Jews who heeded Jesus warning recorded by Luke “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.” have left Jerusalem." (Luke 21.20)
They listened to Jesus warning and lived.
The Christians got out of town and avoided the starving, mass killings and destruction in Jerusalem by Titus and the troops of the 5th, 10th, 12th, and 15th Roman legions.
For the ones left in Jerusalem who were near starvation, we can hardly imagine the terror that rained down on them in their weakened state. In obeying the Words of the Lord the Christians who listened escaped before the Roman attack. What a tremendous prophecy of the Lord Jesus Christ.
According to Eusebius (Book III, 5.1), they fled to the mountains of Pella in Perea. No Christians were killed in the siege because of their following the instructions we read from our Lord in the book of Luke, which then was a letter to the home churches.
The prophet Zechariah recorded God's predictions regarding this troubled city:
“Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem. And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be torn in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.” (see Zechariah 12.2, 3)
Think about Jerusalem. It has no harbor, no major river, and no natural resources. And yet no city in the world is more renown. And other than Israel, the city has no strategic significance. It is no longer part of any trade route and has no geopolitical significance either. It is God’s footstool. It’s only cultural significance is a small few millions of Jewish people who regard it as their capital.
Chuck Missler, one of my former teachers, says, “Even if all Jews were concerned, it still would not represent a centroid for "all the people of the earth to be gathered together against it”
The Muslims controlled it for a thousand years and they let it go and crumble into rubble - until they discovered it was significant to the Jews; then, of course, it became critical to Islam.
And yet, the late lights are burning tonight in every headquarters of every capital of every nation that has international relevance, and their leaders are struggling with what to do about the issue of Jerusalem!"
Christians regard it for historical and Biblical reasons, but not to die for. But did you know that God tells us to do something for Jerusalem? The Psalm says, "Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May those who love you be secure."" (Psalm 122.6)
The Mount ot Olives Where Jesus Christ Taught
Titus Becomes An Instrument of God's Wrath?
Back to what happened to the Jews in 70 A.D. Gessius Florus, the Roman procurator of Judea from 64 until 66 A.D., loved both his vast reservoir of money and hated the Jews. Gessius ruled Judea with an iron fist, caring scarce little for the Jews religious sensibilities.
When the Roman tax revenues became low, he seized silver from the Jewish temple. As the uproar against Florus grew, in A.D. 66, he sent troops into Jerusalem who massacred 3,600 citizens. Florus’s action touched off an explosive rebellion, the First Jewish Revolt, that had been sizzling below the surface for some time.
The Jewish Revolt thus began and the Romans met a bitter end at Masada, a large chunk of rock overlooking the Dead Sea. The Romans thought they had built a virtually impregnable fortress there. Yet the atrocities of Florus inspired some crazy Zealots to attack Masada.
Amazingly, they won, slaughtering the Roman Army there. Things were looking up but wait. The temple captain in Jerusalem showing solidarity with the revolt by stopping the daily sacrifices to Caesar. This caused an uproar all over the city of Jerusalem.
Jews in a frenzy started expelling and even killing the Roman guards in the city. Then all Judea was in revolt; then Galilee. The history books tell us Cestius Callus, the Roman governor of Judea, marched down from Syria with twenty thousand soldiers.
The city of Jerusalem was seized by Callus for six months, yet the Romans failed to quell the Zealots. Some six thousand Roman soldiers died, not to mention leaving weaponry behind that the Jewish defenders picked up and used.
Emperor Nero hears of this and sends Vespasian, the decorated general, to quell the Judean rebellion. As we have stated, Vespasian puts down the opposition in Galilee, then in Transjordan, then in the Idumaean territory. His troops encircle Jerusalem.
Nero death and subsequent leadership changes ending in death inspire Vespasian with Rome embroiled in a leadership struggle, with the Eastern armies calling for him to be Emperor. He goes to Rome and cleans up the mess left over by Nero.
One of his first imperial acts was to appoint his son Titus to conduct quelling the Jewish War. The future Emperor Titus in 70 A.D. leads the 5th, 10th, 12th, and 15th legions into the city.
In 70 A.D. the Siege of Jerusalem was the pivotal event of the First Jewish–Roman War. The Roman army led by Titus with Tiberius and Julius Alexander as his second-in-command besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 A.D.
30 August, 70 A.D. marks the end of the siege and sacking of Jerusalem with the destruction of the Second Jewish Temple. The Jews still mourn the destruction of both the first and second temples annually as the Jewish fast Tisha B'Av.
The Arch of Titus, celebrating the Roman sacking of Jerusalem and the Temple, still stands in Rome. The account of Josephus described Titus as moderate in his approach and, after conferring with others, ordered the 500-year-old Temple to be spared.
According to Josephus, it was the Jews who first used fire in the northwest approach to the Temple to try to stop Roman advances. Only then did Roman soldiers set fire to an apartment adjacent to the Temple, which led to the burning of all the silver and gold melting. (re. Mireille Hadas-Lebel. Jerusalem Against Rome. p. 86)
The temple was destroyed much to the dismay of Titus who wanted the gold and silver in tack. Josephus says that some 1.1 million people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish, and that 97,000 were captured and enslaved, including Simon Bar Giora and John of Giscala. (Josephus, The Wars of the Jews VI.9.3)
Emperor is Not for Everyone
Cause of Death
January 69 A.D.
16 April 69 A.D.
20 December 69 A.D.
Islam cared Nothing About Judah Until the Jews Arrived
"Titus refusing a wreath of victory stated that the victory was not his but he was used as an instrument of God’s wrath."
An update on Jerusalem. Two dates stick out as prophetically important that are Biblically sound. 14 May 1948 is the day that Israel was reborn. 7 June 1967 is the day that the nation of Israel recovered control of Jerusalem. Now a very fluid situation is occurring where Israel has installed metal detectors at the Temple Mount after the tragic shooting of two Israeli police officers by Palestinian terrorists. The following statement explains the significance of 14 July 2017.
The Islamic Waqf’s jurisdiction over the Temple Mount is over and Israel will now work to reestablish Jewish sovereignty over the holy site, said Knesset Member Ari Dichter (Likud). “Israel is the sovereign on the Temple Mount, period. The fact that the Waqf became a sovereign on the Temple Mount ended last Friday,” declared Dichter, chairman of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee and former head of the Israel Security Agency (Shin Bet), on Israeli public radio, Israel National News reported.
A new update on the still fluid situation at the Temple Mount. Residents of an Arab town, where perpetrators of deadly July terror attack lived, planned a copycat attack at Jerusalem’s most Holy site. The Shin Bet and the Israeli police foiled the attempt by arresting three Israeli Arab citizens at Umm al-Fahm Thursday. The suspects, ISIS terrorist organization supporters, planned to commit a similar attack as the terrorist organization against Israeli citizens previously.
Those arrested are Sa'id Ghasoub Mahmud Jabarin, a 26-year-old resident of Umm al-Fahm and a 16-year-old boy arrested in connection with the planned attack. The teenager's name could not be published due to his age.
Two pistols and ammunition were seized during searches of the two arrested home. The third detainee’s name is Faras Salah Mahmoud Mahajna, a 24-year-old resident of Umm al-Fahm. Mahajna was arrested for supporting ISIS and illegal weapons possession when a Carl Gustav automatic rifle was found in his house.
I will attempt to continue to update this fluid situation in the homeland of Israel.
Jerusalem - God's Footstool
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel! It is well-known when the Jews came to Palestine in 1948 the land was a land untouched for two thousand years. No good road system, no electric and water infrastructure to speak of either. Jews were already there with shops in Jerusalem in small numbers.
But when David Ben-Gurion made the announcement 14 May 1948 of the rebirth of Israel everything changed. The wasteland became a park, or a settlement with farms, fruits, vegetables, and melons. The Jews love their homeland and it showed with more and more of them coming to the homeland by the thousands. The Jews made their tiny strip of land a place of milk and honey. Now there are almost nine million at home there. 1.7 million Muslims live and work in Israel as well. The latest population of Jerusalem is just 865,000.
I hope you learn from these small essays and get into the subject in the Bible and come to your own conclusions. God's blessings to you and please leave a comment below. Shalom. Dr. G
Comments, Compliments, or Complaints?
There has been scarce few comments about the articles over the last four years. I know people are very busy, so am I. But I read a lot of articles and almost always give a comment or feedback.
Try developing that habit yourself. Thank you and God's blessings.