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Largest Religious Gathering in the World

Updated on April 7, 2020
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Arbaeen; World's Biggest Pilgrimage

Arbaeen; World's Biggest Pilgrimage
Arbaeen; World's Biggest Pilgrimage | Source

1. Arba’een Pilgrimage

Not many people know much about Iran except during conflict with the United States of America and Nuclear enrichment issues. However the predominantly Muslim country are Shia Muslims. Shia Muslims are known for long matches to celebrate or commemorate special occasions.

On a particular day religious faithful’s make a grueling foot pilgrimage during Arba’een as millions gather around Husayn Shrine in Karbala. Gathering dates are 20th day of Safar an annual festival in Iraq. Participants to this religious ceremony are Shia Muslims numbering 45 million.

Shia Islam

Shia Islam beliefs involves intercessions, holy book, judgment day and prophet hood of Muhammad. Branches of Shi’I Islam are Ghulat, Twelvers, Zaydi Shia, Batini. Holy days are Eid al-Ghadir, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr, Mawlid and Ashura.

Arba’een Pilgrimage

This religious ritual is held to commemorate martyrdom of the grandson of Prophet Mohammad. Husayn ibn Ali in 680 is the third Shia Muslim imam. On the fourth day of maythadom faithful’s make the journey on foot to Karbala a place Husayn with companions were beheaded by Yazid I army in the battle of Karbala. With over 25 million pilgrims in 2016 Arba’een pilgrimage is the world’s largest annual gathering of Shia Muslims.

Bishwa Ijtema

Bishwa Ijtema
Bishwa Ijtema | Source

2. Bishwa Ijtema

The history of Bengali Tabhighi Jamaat movement is traced to 1950s notable years 60,62,65,2010,2015. Bishwa Ijtema was first organized 1954 Chittagong then 1956 Narayanganj is believed to be one of the largest peaceful religious gathering in the world.

The word loosely translated as world and peace is organized in Bangladesh. Because of the huge number of faithful’s numbering 2 million (2001) both indigenes and foreigners the government of Bangladesh, road, rail system and army asset in infrastructure.

Infrastructure usually revolves erection of tents, sanitation, movement and security of the people. Districts are involved in crowd control while the government allocate about 160 acres for the event. The event in 2019 had over 5 million attendees and the festival usually run for 3 days however on some occasions because of bad weather lasted only one day.

Makara Jyothi

Makara Jyothi
Makara Jyothi

3. Makara Jyothi (Hinduism)

Hinduism origins are found in historic Vedic religion, Indus Valley Civilization and Tribal religions in India. Main traditions are Smartism, Shakism, Vaishnavism and Shaivism. Deties include Trimurti like Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Others major Devis/Devas are Indra, Agni, Rudra, Vayu. More are Rama, Radha, Durga, Ganesha and Kali amongst others. The concept involves supreme reality, God the mind, liberation and ethics,

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Comments

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    • doctordogood profile imageAUTHOR

      olu 

      14 months ago from Lagos, Nigeria

      Scary notion but true.

    • Kyler J Falk profile image

      Kyler J Falk 

      14 months ago from California

      The pictures remind me of the Nazi gatherings at Nuremberg during the Shoah. Rigid idealism gathering at what seems to be a noble cause, and oh how easily history could be repeated and continues to repeat itself.

      A great article with lots of great information, regardless of where my perceptions take the topic!

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