ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Pastoral Epistles

Updated on March 3, 2019
James A Watkins profile image

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with three non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

PAUL THE APOSTLE AS PAINTED BY REMBRANDT IN 1657
PAUL THE APOSTLE AS PAINTED BY REMBRANDT IN 1657

Pastoral Epistles

The Roman Emperor Nero martyred the Apostle Paul in the year 68 AD. Among Paul’s last letters are what we call the Pastoral Epistles: 1 Timothy; 2 Timothy; and Titus.

They were given this name because Paul originally wrote them to pastors of the nascent church.

The key themes are: the qualifications required of church leaders, how to organize worship services, how to maintain authority within the church, and how to recognize false teachers and purge them from the congregation.

MAP OF MACEDONIA WHERE PAUL THE APOSTLE WROTE PASTORAL EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY
MAP OF MACEDONIA WHERE PAUL THE APOSTLE WROTE PASTORAL EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY
SAINT TIMOTHY
SAINT TIMOTHY

1 TIMOTHY

Paul instructs Timothy to love his flock with a pure heart, good conscience and sincere faith. Pastors are to avoid gossip and legalism. Paul writes that the law is not made for the righteous but for the ungodly, unholy, lawless, insubordinate and profane; those who are murderers, fornicators, sodomites, kidnappers, and liars. A distinction is made between those who sin through ignorance and those who willfully rebel against what they know to be right.

Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners. He is the mediator between God and men; he gave Himself as a ransom for us. Christ desires all persons to come to the knowledge of the truth and gain eternal life. Believers are to live quiet, peaceable lives of constant prayer, godliness and reverence. Women are to adorn themselves in modest apparel.

Paul also lays down the necessary qualifications for a man to become a leader within the church. Such a man must be beyond reproach among believers and non-believers alike in the community. He must have been married only once; and may not be violent, quarrelsome, greedy, or a drunkard. A leader in the church must be a teacher who is not a recent convert; someone who is well behaved and whose children are well behaved. Paul ordained an office between the leaders and the congregation called deacons; a deacon must meet these same qualifications.

Paul gives these instructions to Timothy so that he will conduct himself properly regarding the house of God—which is the church of the living God. Paul is very concerned about false teachers and false doctrines. He warns that some will depart from the faith, give heed to deceiving spirits, and in turn, teach demonic doctrines. Pastors are to set an example for their flock in their words, conduct, faith and purity.

Older men are not to be sharply criticized, but rather encouraged as we would a father. Young men are to be treated as brothers; older women as mothers; younger women as sisters. Widows are to be honored; they are to be taken care of by their children and grandchildren. If they have none, the church is to care for them—provided they are godly women and over sixty years of age.

If a church leader is living a sinful life or teaching false doctrines, he is to be rebuked publicly in the presence of the congregation. Paul declares that false teachers will have an unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels over words that will produce conflict among the faithful. False teachers will often show an inordinate and inappropriate focus on money, and they will enjoy the idle babblings they will call knowledge.

We bring nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. A Christian is to be content with adequate food and clothing; therefore he should not covet earthly wealth because the love of money is the root of all evil.

Paul commands Timothy to pursue moral uprightness; serve the will of God; exhibit gentleness, patience, faith and love. He was instructed to fight the good fight, lay hold of everlasting life, and to confess his Christian faith to many witnesses.

RUINS OF EPHESUS WHERE TIMOTHY RECEIVED PASTORAL EPISTLE FROM PAUL THE APOSTLE
RUINS OF EPHESUS WHERE TIMOTHY RECEIVED PASTORAL EPISTLE FROM PAUL THE APOSTLE
EPHESUS MAP
EPHESUS MAP
CHURCH OF ST TITUS IN GORTYN CRETE
CHURCH OF ST TITUS IN GORTYN CRETE

TITUS

Paul opens his letter to Titus by describing himself as owned by, and serving only, God; as an apostle of Jesus Christ; as a believer in God's promise of eternal life for faithful Christians.

He goes on to instruct Titus that leaders of the church must not be quick-tempered or greedy. Church leaders must be hospitable, love what is good, exhibit self-control, and be disciplined. They must teach sound doctrine, and be able to refute fallacious doctrines while convicting those who promulgate them. False teachers claim to know God, but their actions are detestable and disobedient.

Older men are to be moderate and worthy of respect. They should be patient, faithful and loving. Older women are to be deeply respectful, and not slanderers or heavy drinkers. They should train younger women to love their husbands and children; to be pure and kind. Paul exhorts Titus to be an example to young men by showing himself to be a man of integrity who is serious and sound of speech.

Christians should say "No" to worldly lusts because Jesus gave Himself for us in order to redeem us from wickedness and to purify for Himself a people who are His very own, people who are eager to do what is good.

Christians are to speak evil of no one; they are to be humble and respectful to all persons regardless of station. Those who are lost are foolish, deceived, disobedient, envious, malicious, hateful, lustful and hedonistic. Christians are not saved—resurrected after death to live forever—because they are good people who do good deeds but solely due to the mercy and grace of God, who saves us by transforming us through the power of His Holy Spirit.

A divisive person in the church is to be warned twice and after that, ignored.

TITUS RECEIVED PASTORAL EPISTLE FROM PAUL THE APOSTLE IN GORTYN CRETE
TITUS RECEIVED PASTORAL EPISTLE FROM PAUL THE APOSTLE IN GORTYN CRETE
SAINT TITUS
SAINT TITUS
MAMERTINE PRISON IN ROME WHERE PAUL THE APOSTLE WROTE PASTORAL EPISTLE 2 TIMOTHY
MAMERTINE PRISON IN ROME WHERE PAUL THE APOSTLE WROTE PASTORAL EPISTLE 2 TIMOTHY
1661 REMBRANDT PAINTING OF PAUL THE APOSTLE IN ROMAN PRISON
1661 REMBRANDT PAINTING OF PAUL THE APOSTLE IN ROMAN PRISON

2 TIMOTHY

2 Timothy is the last letter Paul wrote. He wrote it from prison in Rome while awaiting martyrdom.

He calls on Timothy to be strong and courageous in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit who dwells inside us. God has saved us and called us to a holy life—for His own purposes. His grace has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior and Lord Jesus Christ, who opened the door to immortality through His death and resurrection. We are to teach others this gospel.

Paul likens the Christian life to an athletic competition where we must compete for the crown according to the rules to avoid being disqualified. Salvation is for those united by faith with Christ. Believers are saved by grace not works, but nonetheless will serve God faithfully as a demonstration of the grace of God at work. Those who deny Christ will be denied by Him.

Christians are to present themselves to God as servants of Him who need not be ashamed; who have rightly handled His Word of Truth—the gospel. The Lord knows those who are His.

Anyone who claims to be a Christian must turn away from wickedness to distinguish himself from the lost. Flee from the lusts of youth and pursue peace, virtue, faith and love with a pure heart. Be kind to everyone, but gently correct those who are lost in the hopes that they might come to know the truth and turn from their wicked ways.

False teachers will come who appear to be Christians, but they will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, blasphemous, disobedient, ungrateful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving, slandering, out of control, brutal, haters of good, treacherous, arrogant, and lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God; they will have a form of godliness but deny its power. From such people turn away! They creep into households and make captives of gullible women loaded down with sins, women led away by various lusts, women who are always learning but never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, correcting, reproving, and training in moral rectitude, so that a man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work. God is the source and ultimate author of Scripture. Human hands have written the word of God, but they are God’s words, and they ultimately carry the weight of His authority.

Christ Jesus will judge the living and the dead. Preach the Word. Encourage with great patience and careful instruction. The time will come when humankind will not want to know the Truth. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them teachers who say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their backs on the Truth, and turn toward fables and myths.

Paul knew he was soon to be martyred, and he understood God’s purpose for his life. He wrote to Timothy (and to us) that he had fought the good fight, that he had finished his race, and that all throughout he had kept the faith. He died knowing that there is stored up for him a crown of righteousness, which the Righteous Judge, the Lord, will award him come Judgment Day—not only for him, but also to all who long to see Jesus and be with Him for eternity.

MARTYRDOM OF PAUL THE APOSTLE ILLUSTRATED IN FOXE'S BOOK OF MARTYRS (1563) BY JOSEPH MARTIN KRONHEIM IN A 19TH CENTURY EDITION. TO SEE OTHER SIMILAR WORK OF ART BY THIS ARTISTS PLEASE GO TO http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Joseph_Martin_Kro
MARTYRDOM OF PAUL THE APOSTLE ILLUSTRATED IN FOXE'S BOOK OF MARTYRS (1563) BY JOSEPH MARTIN KRONHEIM IN A 19TH CENTURY EDITION. TO SEE OTHER SIMILAR WORK OF ART BY THIS ARTISTS PLEASE GO TO http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Joseph_Martin_Kro
TOMB OUTSIDE ROME OF PAUL THE APOSTLE
TOMB OUTSIDE ROME OF PAUL THE APOSTLE

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      7 years ago from Chicago

      Tillsontitan— Thank you for the compliment. Yes, I think "Unchained" was onto something too. I am afraid you are right that the time to not want to hear, know, or believe the truth is now. I appreciate you coming by to read my article and for the voted up. :-)

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 

      7 years ago from New York

      Very good read. Unchained referred to these Epistles as "operations manuals" and I think that is write on. You have explained and clarified these writings and opened many things up to thought, many that need to be revisited by the clergy in the Church (Catholic Church.) "The time will come when humankind will not want to know the Truth." I tend to think that is now. Voted up.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      7 years ago from Chicago

      cristina327— You are quite welcome, my dear. Thank you for the compliments, blessings and best regards. It is always a pleasure to have to visit my Hubs and offer your thoughful insights. God Bless You!

    • cristina327 profile image

      Cristine Abigail 

      7 years ago from Manila

      Excellent hub which presents great truths from the Bible. These pastoral letters indeed contains great instructions for christian living. Thank you for bringing out the truths of these epistles in this hub. Blessings to you and best regards.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      8 years ago from Chicago

      pastor sam barr— Thank you for taking the time to read my humble Hubs. I love your response. Yes! Praise the Lord indeed. I appreciate your blessings, Pastor.

      James

    • pastor sam barr profile image

      pastor sam barr 

      8 years ago from U.K

      Hi James, caught myself again reading another one of your interesting hubs, blessed again to be reminded how much the word of God is so relevant for our times. It is my prayer that all the ministers of Gods word will hold this light of truth up against theyre lifestyles and fleshly desires, praise the Lord for this truth.

      Every blessing to you James

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      8 years ago from Chicago

      fred allen— Yes, you clearly discerned what this really is. I applaud your good eye—and knowledge of Scripture.

      You know, there are folks out there who are curious about what they Bible says, but are put off by a lot of Scripture quoting. I don't understand it, but it is a real phenomenon. This Hub is for them.

      "Any last words?" Yes. You nailed the scenario. I love what you wrote in your comments, especially this:

      "We learn a lot about the true character of a person at a time like that. We learn what matters MOST to them. He wanted us to know that he was certain beyond the shadow of a doubt that true faith is never in vein. He wanted us to see that he faced his earthly fate with confidence and dignity. That it is possible to look death squarely in the eye with no fear."

      Great stuff! I fear dying more than death. And suffering more than dying. I will miss this crazy old world.

      Thank you so much for your incisive analysis, and gracious praise. Unfortunately, I fall far short of the mark. But I do recognize that God enjoys using broken vessels such as me.

    • fred allen profile image

      fred allen 

      8 years ago from Myrtle Beach SC

      As I read this hub I started to think "This is the abridged version of the actual letters." If God wanted them abridged He could easily have chosen your exact words. I am especially fascinated by 2 Timothy. It was written at a (the) moment of truth. It was the equivilent of "Any last words?". We learn a lot about the true character of a person at a time like that. We learn what matters MOST to them. He wanted us to know that he was certain beyond the shadow of a doubt that true faith is never in vein. He wanted us to see that he faced his earthly fate with confidence and dignity. That it is possible to look death squarely in the eye with no fear. That he was certain death could not truly harm him. For so many, even those who profess faith, death is still something that is feared. His example is beyond inspiring. His last words prove true his statement in Phillipians "I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far"

      I wonder how many of us today really echo that sentiment. Those words are easy to say, much harder to prove true. A life fully given over to the will of God, willing to pour out all in His service is the only true proof. If we are truly willing to die for Him we will be equally as willing to live only for Him. I always feel blessed to read what God has given you. You are a remarkable person and teacher.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      8 years ago from Chicago

      Royal Diadem— Thank you so much for this inspiring word of encouragement. Your words on this page meant a lot to me. They really touched me. I sure appreciate you for this. You brightened my day and lightened my load. And you are welcome, too.

    • profile image

      Royal Diadem 

      8 years ago

      James I really enjoyed this teaching, because if many Christians would read Timothy and Titus they would not be giving all their money away, then feeling rob, after they find out that the person they trusted was not a legitimate person of the Lord, this is what I was thinking as I read this teaching. The Bible teaches us what to look for in our leaders, they must have a life of constancy in Christ. This was a very good hub and it got the point across. In an indirect way, I was picking up; know whom you are submitting to in Christ. Look here are the guidelines, in whom I have pick to lead you, is all in the Word of God is what I could hear God saying to me as I read your Hub. Thank you I could hear God speaking to me in this Hub.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      ABrushing1968--- Thank you. I'll do all I can. I'm glad you enjoyed it, ABR.

      James

    • Abrushing1968 profile image

      Aaron Rushing 

      9 years ago from USA- Florida

      James:

      As always very thorough. Keep it up Bro. I have nothing to add but wanted to let you know that I enjoyed this hub.

      In Christ

      ABR

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      stars439--- Thank you for saying so, brother. I am going to heaven and so are you. I look forward to seeing you there. Thanks for your gracious comments. You are much appreciated.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      infonaturale--- Thank you for your compliments. They are gratifying to read. I always appreciate your visits and fine comments.

    • stars439 profile image

      stars439 

      9 years ago from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State.

      Dear James: Very impressive Hub as all your work is. The proufound amount of knowledge must be read more than once to learn what is involved in regard to Christ. As a fan of God my knowledge is shallow, but my faith is sincere when such fine words have much to do with our master of Heaven and Earth. According to God, those that read of his words, as in the Bible, will go to Heaven. That is your path one day. God Bless you.

    • infonaturale profile image

      infonaturale 

      9 years ago from Nigeria

      You have published another great piece, I respect you for your good presentation skills. Your hubs are highly informative, and this one is not an exception to that fact.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      John Z--- I wish I knew you, too, John. I have always enjoyed your Hubs and your personality. This comment today is absolutely lovely and thoughtful. Thank you for expressing these sentiments and you are welcome, Brother.

    • John Z profile image

      John Z 

      9 years ago from Midwest

      James, Though I do not know you personally, whenever I read your hubs I always find myself wishing I did. What began for me as a clear rebuke to the modern church soon reminded me of my personal standing with God. Thank you for this clear and gentle rebuke to those of us that become entangled in worldly cares and pleasures.

      Your writing - and you - are a blessing.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Allan McGregor— Not perspicacious! :D

      I love that word. You are the only one who's ever busted it out on me. I'm not surprised, my brother.

      I enjoyed reading your take on this:

      "In Paul's epistles we learn what those things were that Jesus had in mind."

      Thank you for that treasure.

    • Allan McGregor profile image

      Allan McGregor 

      9 years ago from South Lanarkshire

      Concise and perspicacious. Another triumph, James.

      In John 16:12, Jesus said: 'I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.'

      In Paul's epistles we learn what those things were that Jesus had in mind.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      pigfish— Thank you! Welcome to HubPages. My head never has enough blessings so I appreciate yours. :)

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      einron— You are welcome. I certainly hope they study them. Might come in handy! :)

      Why, I thank you for your gracious, wonderful compliments. That's the nicest thing anybody has said to me all day. You are very kind. And I appreciate that.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Nicks— Yes, Paul is quite the interesting chap alright. Imagine what kind of condition he must have been in after walking maybe ten thousand miles. I would say that is a fair assessment that Paul was the mover and shaker in spreading the Word around the Roman Empire yes.

      Thank you for coming by to visit, even if it wasn't your cup of tea. I appreciate it.

    • pigfish profile image

      pigfish 

      9 years ago from Southwest Ohio

      Excellent writing. I especially enjoyed your summation of Paul's instruction to Timothy. Can you say R-E-L-E-V-A-N-T for today's church? Many blessings on your head!

    • einron profile image

      einron 

      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

      Thanks James. All newly ordained pastors most probably studied the epistles for they contained essential doctrines on the qualifications required of church leaders, how "to organize worship services, how to maintain authority within the church, and how to recognize false teachers and purge them from the congregation."

      I am sure the ordinary Christians would love the hub as well for you have explained it so effectively and precisely. You have also reminded the reader that the pastor must be respected in the church as well as the world at large.

      You are so well versed in many areas, whether in religion or otherwise. We all benefit from your expertise.

      Blessings!

    • profile image

      Nicks 

      9 years ago

      I have always found, as an aetheist, Paul a most interesting man. Certainly, without him (his energy and single-mindedness) I have doubts that Christianity would ever have survived - let alone have grown to what it has become. Is this a fair assessment?

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Dim Flaxenwick— Thank you very much. I appreciate your comments. You are welcome and thanks for swinging by.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      PastorAndrew— You are most welcome. I agree with your comments wholeheartedly. Though I live in Orlando, I am from Michigan and I have been through Taylor before. God Bless You, Pastor Andrew. Thanks for coming to visit my humble Hub.

    • Dim Flaxenwick profile image

      Dim Flaxenwick 

      9 years ago from Great Britain

      This is such a wonderful hub for people who would otherwise never read God's word. I love the reminder that men wrote down the words of the bible but they were "bourne along by Holy Spirit" so the bible really IS Gods' word not mans'. Thanks James. Look forward to you writing hubs at full speed again soon.

    • PastorAndrew profile image

      Andrew Grosjean 

      9 years ago from Detroit

      Thanks for the summary of these important books. We could definately use some more preachers that actually lived by the advice Paul gives in these epistles.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      dusanotes— Hello Don my old friend. Thank you for your compliments, brother. And you are surely welcome.

      James

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      itakins— Thank you. I appreciate you for taking the time to read my work here. Oh yes, the work of priests and nuns has been remarkable over nearly two millennia. We cannot forget them and the Lord won't either.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Unchained Grace— I like that first paragraph. Great comments. Thank you.

      I surely appreciate the compliments and I will be honored if you link any of your Hubs to mine. Perhaps I can return the favor. I have one more Hub in the works and then I am going to take a week off from writing and catch up on reading other folks' Hubs for a while. I am way behind on that.

      Your penultimate paragraph is excellent and I enjoyed reading your closing thoughts, too. Thank you very much for coming by to visit and leaving your fine insights. And you are most welcome.

      I'll be coming to read your work soon. Meanwhile, welcome to HubPages!

    • dusanotes profile image

      dusanotes 

      9 years ago from Windermere, FL

      Paul's Epistles have to be among the favorites of all Bible-reading people. You have acquitted yourself very well with this very informative and delightful Hub. Thanks, James.

      Don White

    • itakins profile image

      itakins 

      9 years ago from Irl

      James-

      Nice clear hub.

      I'm glad you acknowledged good and holy priests and nuns who have done so much to spread His Word!

    • Unchained Grace profile image

      Unchained Grace 

      9 years ago from Baltimore, MD

      James, I&II Timothy as well as Titus appears to be "The Operations Manual" written by Paul with respect to church development and maintenance. In many ways, with respect to pastoral conduct, I liken it to Jeremiah 23 which speaks heavily as to God's critical rebuke of prophets and pastors who abuse and divide their flock in the name of their own agendas.

      I would like to go back into certain Hubs I have already written and establish a link to this one. Your presentation is to the point, descriptive and the scripture is showcased through your writing style.

      The Pastoral Epistles are indeed a guidepost to be followed.

      There are those who say that we live in a time now which is more disruptive than ever, though I disagree only because the attitudes haven't changed. Just the technology. This, by the way, can be a dangerous thing in that false teachers can cover more area quicker than ever.

      Like so many other things, it's not the car, but who sits behind the wheel that results in the corruption, injury and death to innocents who unfornutely find themselves in the path of that oncoming vehicle. Great Hub!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Hello my friend Fifty!

      Thank you. A good look in mirror may cause a shudder. But fortunately to be forgiven all we have to do is ask. Hey, don't feel bad. I certainly will never qualify as a deacon or even an usher. Of course, there are plenty of duties you can do. For me, I write HubPages. :D

      You are most welcome, brother. I believe you to be on the Highway to Heaven.

      (Hey! That could be a TV show.)

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      prettydarkhorse— Maita! We surely do err as humans. And to unbelievers that makes believers hypocrites. How not to be a hypocrite? Have no principles at all that you might break. :-)

      The important thing is to strive toward the good. To appreciate beauty and goodness for its own sake.

      Thanks for your kind compliments. I always enjoy your visits.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Pamela99— Well, thank you. I appreciate this visit and your comments. In particular:

      "On a personal level, it is important for us to discern and be wary of false teachers also. I find the best thing to do is pray and always go back to the Word if I am looking for an answer to any problem."

      Amen!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      KellyEngaldo— I am very encouraged by your affirmation. Thank you much for reading and leaving your words for me to see. God Bless You!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Tom Whitworth— Always great to hear from you, brother. It does seem as if Dr. King knew he was not long for this world. That he, too, would die a martyr's death. His speeches and writings are truly inspired.

      Thank you for coming by, Tom.

      James

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      9 years ago from Arizona

      James, very well done. It contains much as to which I must apply in my mirror as I look at myself. It holds much reason why in the past after being offered certain positions with in a church that I've had to respectfully decline as I admitted freely that by these standards I fell short of the criteria required in these scriptures. I am not ashamed of them as I have made peace with them and still hold other duties that I may participate in. I find completeness in this hub of the fact that "the end does not justify the means" and there is a biblical direction we must follow to reach our goal.

      Thank you for again reminding me as I often measure my self to the standards, of the right and wrong ways to move forward.

    • prettydarkhorse profile image

      prettydarkhorse 

      9 years ago from US

      Hi Sir James, a wonderful piece to know that we need to go back to what we really should do as humans, women, men etc, and of course to fully understand what Jesus undergone too for our sins.We sometimes err as humans but then it is always to be on track and be fully equipt for salvation purposes, You always write with well "thoughtful academic brilliance" and with passion too, Thank you, Maita

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      9 years ago from Sunny Florida

      James, I thought this was an excellent hub. We certainly hear a lot about churches that don't meet those requirements spelled out in the Scriptures. On a personal level, it is important for us to discern and be wary of false teachers also. I find the best thing to do is pray and always go back to the Word if I am looking for an answer to any problem. God Bless.

    • profile image

      KellyEngaldo 

      9 years ago

      I had heard that term but it means nothing to me without the great explanation and the organization and the photos! And maps too! 5 Stars - excellent! God Bless You and Your Family!

    • Tom Whitworth profile image

      Tom Whitworth 

      9 years ago from Moundsville, WV

      James,

      Once again you have related an inspirational message. The message in 2Timothy when Paul knew he was going to die reminds me of Martin Luther King's "I've been to the mountaintop" sermon. It's almost like he had a vision of his impending death.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      godpreacher— Thank you for your kind compliments. I am gratified to humbly receive them especially coming from a true man of God. I appreciate you taking the time to read my Hub. God Bless You, Brother!

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Paraglider— Thanks for dropping in! Happy New Year to you, my friend.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Hello, hello,— "According to all the don't most of the church would be empty"

      Well, keep in mind that Paul is primarily focused on who can lead the church—not who can sit in the pews. Otherwise, the church would be empty indeed! :-) Everyone is welcome in the pews.

      Marriage and family are surely allowed and encouraged. Now, that's not to cast aspersions on holy priests and nuns who sacrifice human institutions such as marriage to solely serve God. There is surely a place for them since they can focus on the sheep without distraction.

      Thank you for your excellent comments. I appreciate this visitation.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      DeBorrah K. Ogans— Thank you! I'll accept that as a big compliment since it comes from a real woman of God. :-)

      "Godliness with contentment"

      Thanks for that quote. I had left that out in my truncated version.

      Well, I surely appreciate your kind compliments. And you are welcome.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      RevLady— You are welcome, dear. Thank you for your gracious comments. Coming from an expert as yourself, they are meaningful to me in a big way.

      Your second paragraph is profound. I am much appreciative for your acute insights.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      ArchDynamics— Always a pleasure to hear from my erudite, true friend.

      "the 'Swiss Army Knife' of the Hub community."

      I love that description! How do you continually come up with these original, creative phrases? You should be writing Hubs your own self, brother.

      Oh yes, those irksome trifles. :-)

      Thank you for your words. My output has been low this past month and will be for the next two weeks but after that I have time blocked off to go on a Hub spree. I have about 30 Hubs conceptualized on diverse topics. I look forward to seeing you in person.

    • profile image

      godpreacher 

      9 years ago

      Bro. James,

      Yours was the first hub I read this morning, and it was a really good read. Paul planted many churches, ordained many leaders, and drew a portrait of Holiness and Righteous for all to see and follow.

      Great hub.

      God Bless

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      creativeone59— You are most welcome, dear! I'm pretty partial to the Epistles myself. I love the Truth! Thank you for visiting and commenting.

    • Paraglider profile image

      Dave McClure 

      9 years ago from Kyle, Scotland

      Hi James - just dropping by to say Happy New Year!

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      9 years ago from London, UK

      Being born into the Catholic Church this letter was an eye opener. According to all the don't most of the church would be empty. Paul also wrote about the teacher and mentioned that his children should be of good behaviour. That indicate to me that marriage and family is allowed. I am really uptight about priest not be married because I am sure it would make a complete different atmosphere in the church. Also it makes it look like as if marriage and family is something dirty. Thank you for a great hub.

    • DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

      DeBorrah K Ogans 

      9 years ago

      James A Watkins, This is an excellent commentary! You have once again done a marvelous presentation. Wonderful illustrations as usual, Professor! The Lord truly has gifted you with a unique style. In my opinion your presentations are usually quite unbiased! These Pastoral Epistles have a wealth of information to help one navigate properly, how to take care of the affairs of God's Church and provides practical wisdom to do so. As well as the benefits of "Godliness with contentment"

      You have presented the Pastoral Epistles in a way that encourages one "to study and show themselves approved to God..."

      As you stated: "Christians are to present themselves to God as servants of Him who need not be ashamed; who have rightly handled His Word of Truth—the gospel. The Lord knows those who are His. Anyone who claims to be a Christian must turn away from wickedness to distinguish himself from the lost. Flee from the lusts of youth and pursue peace, virtue, faith and love with a pure heart. Be kind to everyone, but gently correct those who are lost in the hopes that they might come to know the TRUTH and turn from their wicked ways."

      Again great job! Thank you for sharing, In His Love & Blessings!

    • RevLady profile image

      RevLady 

      9 years ago from Lantana, Florida

      I thank you James for this overview of Paul's "pastoral" epistles. Reading your hubs is always like taking a brief journey through knowledgeville and inspiration valley.

      I have a deep appreciation for these letters for they were written to provide God’s answers, through Paul, to church leadership in addressing spiritual and doctrinal concerns of the second generation church. They are (or should be) of particular spiritual value to 21st century church for they illuminate many of the same ecclesiastical issues.

      Forever His,

    • ArchDynamics profile image

      ArchDynamics 

      9 years ago from Orlando, FL

      King James:

      I often wonder if others get the same quiet pleasure I do out of reading your Hubs.

      As I had noted in an earlier post, you give us a bit of moral direction, historical narrative, socio/geopolitical commentary and humorous observation all in one. Kind of like the 'Swiss Army Knife' of the Hub community.

      I know things have been a bit distracting for you of late (such irksome trifles as making the mortgage and actually putting food on the table), but I miss the frequency of your posts.

      I'll give you a call later today and we'll catch up in person again.

    • creativeone59 profile image

      benny Faye Douglass 

      9 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Thank you James for your hub on the epistles, I'm very partial to the majority of them, they teach truth. Thank you for sharing. Godspeed. creativeone59

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      SirDent— Thank you for coming by, brother. I hear what you're saying. I don't mind you putting that link here at all. Anytime. I appreciate your compliments. I am grateful for your response.

    • profile image

      SirDent 

      9 years ago

      The first thing that struck me when I started reading this was that Paul showed Timothy how to organize the church services. In this day we live in, very few want to meet with other christians for worship or anything else.

      I wrote a hub a little over a year ago concerning the church. Many have been so down on church and such so I decided it was time to show something good about it. I hope you don't mind me putting the link here.

      https://hubpages.com/hub/What-is-Right-About-the-C...

      This is a great hub and I love your writing as always. You really know how to put things in perspective.

    • James A Watkins profile imageAUTHOR

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      Hannah Ministries— Thank you very much for being my first visitor! You didn't know about it because I just published it a few minutes ago. :-)

      I will be eternally grateful if you will put it on your facebook. Thank you for that.

    • Hannah Ministries profile image

      Hannah Ministries 

      9 years ago

      hallo friend, this is a fabulous HUB. I didn't know about it! I'm putting it on my facebook ok?

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)