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Resurrection of the Body vs. Immortality of the Soul-Two Opposing Theologies of Christianity

Updated on October 15, 2017
CliftonHRodriquez profile image

Clifton H. Rodriquez is a certified public accountant (CPA) by profession, but a passionate Bible scholar. He believes in studying the Word.

Resurrect of the Body-What Is the Basis for This Theology

The Resurrection of the Body
The Resurrection of the Body
Scriptural Support For the Theology
What is the Basis of this Theology
Biblical Scriptural Support for Theology
Supported by the Bible
Genesis 3:1-22
God created man as a mortal being but with conditional immortality
Yes
Ditto
Man's sin brought about his death
The Law demanded a penalty for man's sin
Yes
Ditto
Man cannot save himself with "good" deeds
Man's life was over shadowed by pending death.
Yes
Ditto
God provided amnesty to sinful men (John 3:16, Romans 6:23)
Redemption comes from God only
Yes
Ditto
Genesis 18:27
Man is a living soul, nothing but dust and ashes.
Yes
Ditto
Psalm 16. Job 14:13-15
All men will die and go to "Sheol" (also referred to as "Hell",or simply the "Great Pit" until God is ready to resurrect them.
Yes
Ditto
Job 14
Upon taking his last breath, man cannot escape mortal boundary.
Yes
Ditto
Ecclesiastes 9:1:10, Ecclesiastes 12:7 Psalm 6, Psalm 16, Psalm 146
Dead men do not even know that they are dead. They remain in their graves, incapable of making supplications. They breathe their last, and their spirits return to their Maker, and their body returns to the earth, where it will decompose. Everything dies with man, including his passion, hatred, love. His soul dies and goes to the grave with him.
Yes
Ditto
John 5:24-29, Job 14:14
Man must patiently wait into his grave until God calls him back to life.
Yes
Ditto
Romans 8:29
Jesus Christ was the firstborn to be resurrected and transformed. Many will follow Christ
Yes
Ditto
John 6:44, 54
The dead in Christ must wait until the return of Christ to be resurrected (restoration of body and spirit). They will be in the "First Resurrection" and will be blessed.
Yes
Ditto
Revelation 21:3
God, the Son, will return to the earth to establish his earthly kingdom
Yes
Ditto
II Peter 3:10-13
The earth will be the "home of righteousness" for Christ's Elect.
Yes
Ditto
Revelation 20:10-14, 21:8
Wicked men will now be resurrected to face God's "Final Judgment". Their fate will be the "Second Death" in the "Lake of Fire & Brimstone" which will be built to punish Satan and his followers.
The Immortality of the Soul
Scriptural Support for the Theology
Scriptural Reference for the Theology
What is the Basis for the Theology
Theology is not supported by the Bible
Partial
Luke 16:19-32
The basis of this theology is grounded in philosophies of Socrates and Plato as advanced into Christendom by Origin (185 to 254 AD)
No
Partial
Luke 23
Christ's promise to the thief to his left was that he would be in "Paradise" with him. Proponents point to this promise as one of the basis for the immortal soul.
 
No
Genesis 3
Man was created and God blew breath into him, and he became a "living soul", not an "immortal soul".
 
No
Genesis 18:27
Abraham saw himself as nothing but dust and ashes, not an immortal being.
 
No
Job 14
Job stated that men are mortal and cannot go beyond their mortal boundaries without God. He was content to patiently wait in his grave until God called him back to life (resurrection) and change him from corruptible to incorruptible.
 
No
Ezekiel 18:4, Matthew 10:28, Genesis 3:22
The soul that sins shall surely die, and God is able to destroy body and soul in the Lake of Fire and Brimstone. Anything "immortal" cannot be destroyed, even by God. Immortal beings are subjected to his control, but he cannot destroy them once they have this godly attribute.
 
No
Revelation 20:10-14, 21:8, John 3:16, Romans 6:23
Wicked men who reject God's amnesty shall be resurrected to face a "Final Judgment" of God. Their final fate will be in the Lake of Fire and Brimstone, where they will undergo a "Second Death". This is the death from which no resurrection will be possible. The wages of sin is death and the soul that sins shall surely die.
 
No
Genesis 3:4
Satan initially misled men into believing that they were immortal beings. Men seemed inclined to accept Satan's Great Deception, and doubt God's admonition of death for those who would sin and not accept God's amnesty.

Resurrection of the Body Theology Is Supported By the Bible

Prior to the 2nd Century AD, the resurrection of the body was the only theology taught and preached by Christian believers. Believers widely accepted the fact that sin separated man from God (Isiah 59:2). In addition, man's sin ended his conditional immortality and brought about his death. God's law required the payment of a penalty for man's sin. This death is commonly called the "death from Adam". However, foolish and wicked men have allowed Satan to fool them into believing that they already had the godly attribute of immortality. Christian believers have wrestled with this misleading theology of having an immortal soul to their own spiritual detriment. Despite God's Word, they still believe that they are "demi-gods". However, the Bible clearly shows that God will fulfill his promise to man through the resurrection of the body. Men do not have immortal souls which survive biological or physical death.

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    • CliftonHRodriquez profile image
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      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

      Charlie, I did not write "God the Son" as you indicated in your comments. I wrote "God, the Son,....". Now I still think that you are engaging in semantics to the Nth degree. We know that from reading the scriptures that Jesus Christ existed with God, the Father, in the Beginning (Read John 1:1-5). The Jehovah Witnesses claim that "he was a god". They also claim that he was the first of God's creation. However, if you review the 3rd Chapter of Genesis, there is no God in the single form, but rather the plural form. "Let us make man...." Why do I consider your criticism faulty? It is faulty because my reference to Revelation 21:3 referred to the God representative as the Son. It is generally accepted by all Christians whether they endorse the Resurrection of the Body or the Immortality of the Soul theology that Christ will return to earth to reign over God's kingdom on earth. Not only does Revelation 21:3 tell us this, but so does Zechariah 14. Peter also tells us that the earth will be the "home of righteousness", and Matthew and David both tell us that the Meek (Christ's Elect) will inherit the earth. Why do these men of God make these statements? Remember what Christ told the disciples in John 14: "....where I am there yeah shall be also..." However, as we both know, the entire Christian worship culture revolts around leaving this earth and ending up in Heaven, our supposed eternal abode. However, it is somewhat ironic that the Bible does not support what most Christians claim will be their eternal fate. They do not talk about "eternal life" as God's reward, but rather entrance into Heaven. They never talk about the earth becoming their inheritance. Every word out of their mouths is "Heaven, heaven, heaven..."

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      actually you started the argument by not reading and understanding what I wrote. I said you had an excellent article and pointed out a couple of errors that would make it correct in full.

      now that you have cleared your mind read it again and see what you think.

      there is no such person as God the Son. Jesus is the son of God and the first of many sons of God. He IS NOT GOD.

      "God the son" is the fictional third party of the false catholic trinity doctrine that has been brought into the church system by their hireling "leaders

      The other thing is that you said the law required a penalty for man's sin. This is simply not true. there WAS NO LAW at that time. God required that Adam be punished with death for his disobedience/

      Semantics are extremely important when explaining the word of God. All false doctrines use semantic error to trap people.

      If you are who you say you are then you should welcome a brother showing if you have error in the article , it could be a mistake in typing, I do that and welcome the correction . And if my doctrine is incorrect I will gladly change it, if I am not in accordance with scripture. I will also gladly explain with scripture why I say what I do ANYTIME.

      you attacked me after I tried to help you.

      I forgive you. read it again and check it with scripture then respond that is what a brother is supposed to do. You know I am sure what assume does to us

      PS your friend charlie maybe a church christian but he is not a disciple of Christ because disciples of Christ are of ONE SPIRIT with Christ and therefore could not believe that false doctrine

    • CliftonHRodriquez profile image
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      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

      Charlie, why are we fighting against each other? We are both advocates for the Resurrection of the Body theology. You remind me of Jesus disciples when they came across the men who were preaching and teaching what Christ instructed them to do. Are you trying to play "the Devil Advocate"? I do not understand your logic. If we both are preaching and teaching what the Bible states, that is, God will fulfill his gift to man via the resurrection of the body, why are we having this discussion or apparent "disagreement"? I do sense hostility within your comments, brother. Is that hostility well founded, or maybe it is just that my perception is wrong. I could have sworn that you were my former college roommate, Charlie Gude, Jr. We have both been Christians for roughly the same amount of time. God has imparted to us the wisdom and knowledge that we possess. Why are we fighting against each other? Are we not in the same camp, preparing to do spiritual battle agains our common enemy?

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      #1 you are certainly not my friend. you need to stand up straight and get your head out of that dark place. I never said a word about or agreed with the immortal soul garbage. I would never agree with such foolishness. I am one of the few on here that understand and teach that true disciples will inherit the earth and the unrighteous will be DESTROYED in the lake of fire AND HAVE BEEN FOR OVER 45 YRS.

      You have maligned me and WHAT YOU HAVE ACCUSED ME OF IS A BOLD FACED LIE.

      OR IN OTHER WORDS YOU HAVE BORNE FALSE WITNESS AGAINST ME AND I ASK GOD TO JUDGE BETWEEN US. PS get the chip off your shoulder

      you are not worth me wasting any more time on.

    • CliftonHRodriquez profile image
      Author

      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

      I assume that you are Charlie Gude, Jr. You sound like him. I do not know what to tell you, my friend. Rather than engaging in semantics, use the Word of God to refute what I have written in my article. I am not trying to deceive anyone, or "have drunk the Koolaid" as you indicated in your comments. It is obvious to me that you cannot refute a word that I have written because you know that it is the truth.Thus, the most logical next step is to try to attack me. I do not care what you say, I will allow others to see your comments because I have nothing to hide. My motive or objective if you will is to undo the work of Origen, Thomas Aquinas, Augustine, or anyone else who thinks that they have immortality already. It is simply not true, and the Bible backs up every word that I write. If you and other proponents of this "immortality of the soul" theology are right, then how do you explain John 3:16, Romans 6:23, Psalm 5, 6, 16, Matthew 10:28, Ezekiel 18:4, Genesis 18:27, Job 14:13-15, Ecclesiastes 9:1-10, Ecclesiastes 12:7. All of these scriptures would be indeed superfluous and should be omitted from the Bible. No Christian believer can accept the Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body theologies; they are mutually exclusive. A believer cannot pick and choose between them, or take from one and combine it with the other. A believer has to accept one theology or the other. Based on what I have read, studied and researched, the Resurrection of the Body theology is well supported by biblical scriptures. Man is a mortal being, and he will not obtain immortality unless it is granted by God. This is what it comes down to. You are either in Satan's or God's camp. God's camp is the Resurrection of the Body. The only book in the canonized Bible that support the immortal soul theology is the Book of Luke. This is a "hearsay" Gospel. Luke never witnessed Christ's ministry, life, death, burial or resurrection. He was a Greek Gentile who was raised in the "Hellenistic Way" if you will. Get this, 80 percent of Christians put their faith in a hearsay Gospel written by a Greek Gentile who was raised to believe that he had an immortal soul???? Are you kidding me???

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      I am not the one contradicting myself. No sense wasting my time with you. You have drunk the koolaid

    • CliftonHRodriquez profile image
      Author

      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

      Celafoe, are you that much of a "spiritual idiot" that you would engage in this exercise of semantics? You remind me of a former college roommate who allows himself to be constantly trip up into a senseless argument. You sound just like my friend, Charlie. He is more stubborn than Thomas called Didymus.

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      no you are playing with words. the term you used "God the Son" is used only in reference to the false catholic trinity. If you use the "Son of God" which is the only correct description, also you are trying to deceive me and others. Maybe you need to check out some real scriptures not your bible and other books. Jesus is Lord of this age but at the end, at the judgment He returns all authority to God and sits down at the right hand of God, in subjection to God with the rest of us that are sons of God and have made it into eternity. God is the one who Judges man according to the book of Life and is then all in all forever, having become the alpha and the Omega, the one who was and is and is to come.

      Yes He is the son of God and the son of man having been birthed from the womb of a female man. He is a man as scripture says. Truth not semantics

    • profile image

      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago

      Cbarlie you say that no such person, reference to "God, the Son". We refer to Jesus Christ as the Son of God. He referrtheed to himself as "Son of Man". In Revelation 21:3, it is stated that God will come and dwell with men. The scriptures tell us that Christ will return to earth to reign as king over God's kingdom. It is not God, Our Heavenly Father who will come, but Christ, whom we refer to as the Son of God. Charlie, you are engaging in semantics, my friend.

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      In my first comment there is a mistake the words "new heaven" should read "new earth" so the sentence should be "The sons of God will inherit this earth after the judgment and then will also inherit and live eternally on the new earth after being transformed into eternal beings."

      sorry

    • celafoe profile image

      charlie 6 months ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth. between the oceans

      Except for your insertion of two false doctrines and a few semantic errors this is an excellent article. Correct these and it will be 100% scriptural. first you insert the false catholic and "churches of men " doctrine of the trinity which makes you article useless, though mostly truth, to those that truly belong to Christ. Jesus is NOT GOD THE SON, HE is the Son of God, A man as He declares He is. NO SCRIPTURE SPEAKS OF A "GOD THE SON", only doctrines of apostate men do so.. Scripture tells us of the Son of God.

      You say " the LAW" demanded a penalty for sin, not true, God's personal command to Adam was "You WILL surely DIE if you eat of the forbidden tree." there were NO laws at that time because none were needed ,there was NO knowledge of good and evil until AFTER ADAM ate of the forbidden fruit.

      Then you say redemption comes from God only. While this is ultimately true, it is not truth because it is NOT available to man directly from God, it is ONLY Available TO MAN THROUGH JESUS CHRIST in this age and only until the end of this age..

      Unlike most who teach about the end you do understand and show the truth of the death and temporary resurrection of man for judgment .

      You say many will follow Christ and need to note that that is subjective, what is many? Scripture says “the gate is narrow and the path is difficult and FEW WILL FIND IT”. YES THERE WILL BE A MULTITUDE BUT 1% OF ALL MEN THAT EVER LIVED WILL BE MILLIONs SO ??MULTITUDE?= MANY?

      Remember this scripture, it is important.

      Matt 7:21-23 "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?' 23 And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!'

      GOD THE SON WILL DO nothing, there is no such person. THERE IS one GOD AND HE IS NOT DIVIDED. HE HAS ONE son WHO BECAME THE first man born (firstborn)of the Spirit of God and opened the door to any and all who will enter by doing ALL he did and shows us to do, thereby becoming ALSO sons of God.

      The sons of God will inherit this earth after the judgment and then will also inherit and live eternally on the new heaven after being transformed into eternal beings.

      God's “elect” as you called them are simply the sons of God. ALL have the opportunity to be one, it Is a personal choice, which make you one of the "select".

      And of course SCRIPTURE IS CLEAR the other doctrine, the one you refute is an abominable heresy.

      Gen 1:2 And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

      Gen 1:6-8 Then God said, "Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters." 7 Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.

      Gen 1:26-28 Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

      Jesus was born around 2000 years ago, prior to that according to scripture he was known because the word of God (the scriptures) told of this man that was o come. God alone was at creation, the Spirit of God, which is God was to ONLY person He was talking to in the beginning. After the creation, because God said He had finished, the ONLY way a man can come on to the earth is through the womb of a woman, which Jesus did.

      Scripture truth must be presented correctly and complete to be truth, there can be no error in truth or it is NOT truth.

    • CliftonHRodriquez profile image
      Author

      Clifton H. Rodriquez 6 months ago from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

      If there are any proponents of the immortal soul theology, I invite you to refute anything that I have written in this article. My offer is still available. If anyone can prove to me that they have an immortal soul, I will give them $10,000.00 cash. They must use Biblical references other than Luke 16:19-32.

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