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The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam - Part 1: Finality of Prophethood

Updated on November 27, 2013
The Seal of Muhammad as the final law-bearing messenger
The Seal of Muhammad as the final law-bearing messenger

Introduction

I was inspired to write this series of Hubs after reading a couple of Hubs strongly opposed to the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam or what is also known as the Ahmadi sect of Islam. Since I am a former Sunni Muslim who committed himself to a movement considered hateful and heretical by most Muslims, I thought it would create fair value for the reader to share my side of the story and allow them to weigh it against the opposition-argument. I will position my argument with as much fact as possible, and as little subjective argument as possible. Since I care to do justice to this subject, I will address the oft-raised topics in separate hubs. In this first of five planned hubs, I will address the topic of finality-of-prophethood and how it can be reconciled with the prophecy that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) made about the coming of a Messiah and Mahdi (divine guide). In subsequent hubs I will cover the following topics:

> The Return of the Son of Mary, and Imam Mahdi (Divine Guide)

> Accusations of being a Cult and Agents of Britain/Israel

> True and False Prophets: A Criteria

> Other Criteria, context and conclusion

The Prophecy of a Prophet vs. Finality-of-Prophethood

I had always found the argument lacking that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the last prophet and yet Jesus Christ (pbuh) is to return after him. People sometimes answer me with, “well, he is last because he was born after prophet Jesus”— I have found this logic untenable— for me, last is he who walks the earth last. Regrettably, some Muslims have gone as far as to innovate that Prophet Jesus (peace be on him) upon his return from heaven will no longer hold status as a prophet. One such person is the famous Islamic lecturer/preacher Dr. Zakir Naik. Take a look at the following video . . .

Prophecy of Messiah in following of Muhammad (pbuh)

The explanation offered by Maulana Muhammad Wali Razi in the latter part of the video appears agreeable-- Prophet Jesus (pbuh)’s return after Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) does not violate the finality-of-prophethood because he will dispense prophetic wisdom, guidance and judgment in complete subordination to the religion of Islam. This resolves the confusion and conflict that students sometimes express in the fact that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said “There are no prophets after me” and yet he also spoke abundantly of the return of Son of Mary.

Relevant Verses from The Holy Quran

Let us take a look at some verses of The Holy Quran below which I take as to be opening up the interpretation that prophetic dispensation can still take place, albeit in complete submission and servitude to the religious law dispensed by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

[33:40] Muhammad is not the father of any men among you, but, he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets.

This surah does not appear to be supporting the interpretation that Muhammad (pbuh) is a literal last of prophets. Whenever we encounter the word ‘but’ (or Walakin in Arabic) in the middle of a statement it means that there is a relationship between what comes before and after this word. If that relationship is studied here, the ‘Seal’ means that he is the father of the prophets—a chief among them, the most high in stature holding the last word. This is also how the word Khatam is mostly applied in the Arabic language.

[4:69] And whoso obeys Allah and this Messenger of His shall be among those on whom Allah has bestowed His blessings, namely, the Prophets, the Truthful, the Martyrs, and the Righteous. And excellent companions are these.

Several non-Ahmadi Islamic scholars agree that when we recite the Surah Fateha (first chapter of the Holy Quran) and pray for guidance on to the path of those who have been blessed and rewarded, that those specific blessings or rewards are stipulated in this verse. However, in order to defend their notion of finality-of-prophethood, they say that one can only join the prophets in the after-life but not actually become one. Firstly, the subjects of the verse are those who will obey Allah and this messenger, not those whose company will be attained. So when the verse moves on to define the rewards, these are the subjects—including prophets. Secondly, it is a rule of language that when we phrase that we want to be among a group of people, then we mean to become like them. For example, if I say I want to be among the successful, or among the righteous, this means I actually want to be a successful or righteous person, not just be in their company. Thirdly, if one subscribes to the notion that we can only hope to be in the company of such people and not become prophets then we can’t become truthful, martyrs, and righteous either—as these are all grouped together in the verse. As for those who say that prophethood cannot be attained as a reward or blessing please refer to verse 5:20 which clearly states prophets came to followers of Moses as Naymat or reward/blessing.

[3:81] And remember the time when Allah took a covenant from the Prophets, saying: ‘Whatever I give you of the Book and Wisdom and then there comes to you a Messenger, fulfilling that which is with you, you shall believe in him and help him.’And He said: ‘Do you agree, and do you accept the responsibility which I lay upon you in this matter?’ They said, ‘We agree;’ He said, ‘Then bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses.’

[33:7] And remember when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from thee, and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary, and We indeed took from them a solemn covenant.

The above two verses require little explanation. They are self-explanatory. I have encountered the defense that this covenant is taken from prophets only and not from their followers. If a follower-prophet comes then what sense does it make for him to come during the life of the one dispensing the Book and wisdom? Naturally, a follower-prophet will come during a time of need when people may have fallen out of guidance and righteousness. If you study the two verses that follow verse 3:81, it says that whoso now turns away (from this covenant) they will be among the fasiqeen or disobedient. And such people are seeking another religion or looking to turn their religion for their convenience. If this covenant is binding on prophets only, then it is inconceivable that they could ever be disobedient to Allah. Hence, the verse is rather referring to those followers of prophets who will disobey this command and covenant. Verse 33:7 states that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is part of the covenant. For those who accept this interpretation, it lays a great responsibility on them.

[11:17] Can he (Muhammad, pbuh), then, who possesses a clear proof from his Lord, and to testify to whose truth a witness from Him (Allah) shall follow him, and who was preceded by the Book of Moses, a guide and a mercy, be an impostor? Those who consider these matters believe therein, and whoever of the opposing parties disbelieves in it, Fire shall be his promised place. So be not thou in doubt about it. Surely, it is the truth from thy Lord; but most men do not believe.

Following the interpretation of the previous verse, this verse speaks of a witness from Allah who will follow prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his proof (The Quran). Several translations state that the witness will 'recite' instead of follow. If you study the meanings of the Arabic word Yatluho (also a root of tilawat) used in the verse, it actually means to follow or act upon. The simple recitiation is called 'Qirat'. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has prophecised that a time will come when nothing will be left of the Quran except its words (meaning people will recite it but not follow or act upon it). After all, what meaning does it hold for a witness from Allah to simply recite it? The witness would be required to reinstitute the following of the Book. Moses (pbuh) is also mentioned in this verse who also had a law-bearing book and was followed by Jesus Christ (pbuh) to bear testimony to his true teachings. Similarly, prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had also prophecized that a Messiah and Mahdi will follow him too.

[7:35] O children of Adam! if Messengers come to you from among yourselves, rehearsing My Signs unto you, then whoso shall fear God and do good deeds, on them shall come no fear nor shall they grieve.

This is a general statement being made to the audience of the Holy Quran. Why would such a verse be revealed unto prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and Muslims if prophethood in all manner had been ceased?

[5:19] O People of the Book! there has come to you Our Messenger, after a break in the series of Messengers, who makes things clear to you lest you say, ‘There has come to us no bearer of glad tidings and no warner.’ So a bearer of glad tidings and a warner has indeed come to you. And Allah has power to do all things.

Again, here the subject of series of prophethood is directly addressed, if all manner of prophethood had truly ceased, then this verse should have said that now comes to you the last messenger. In fact, it says that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has come after a break in the series of messengers, not as the last in a literal sense.

Ahadith and the Opinions of some scholars

The natural question regarding hadiths and opinions of scholars would be if there are any references that reconcile the above verses of The Holy Quran with prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) saying of 'There are no prophets after me' and 'By Him in whose hands is my soul, the Son of Mary will surely descend among you . . .'. I will offer a couple of references.

I am the last of the Prophets and my mosque is the last of the mosques (Sahih Muslim Book#7, Ref# 3211) - since his mosque was not a literal last of mosques, one can consider this Hadith as support for the thesis.

In this context, I would present to you the well-known saying of Ayesha Siddiqa (may Allah be pleased with her, wife of Muhammad(pbuh)). She said: “Say He (The Holy Prophet) is ‘Khatamul-Anbiyya’ (Seal of the Prophets) but do not say that there would be no prophet after him.” (Durre Mansoor Vol 5, page 204). That is to say that Hazrat Ayesha was aware that the words of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) would be misconstrued so she made it a point to clarify the meaning of “La Nabi Ba’adee” (There are no prophets after me). Similarly, Shaikh Al lmam Hazrat Ibn Qutaiba (died 267 A-H.), referring to the above noted interpretation of “La Nabi Ba’adee” writes: “This interpretation, put forth by her (Hazrat Ayesha), does not contradict the words of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The Holy Prophet (pbuh) meant that there would be no prophet after him who would abrogate his law.” (Taweel Mukhtalaf Al Ahadith pg. 236).

Below are the opinions of other historical scholars that agree with the above synopsis . . .



Opinions of historical scholars

Scholar
Reference
Opinion
Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi
Kitab khatam al-awliya, pp.341-2
Indeed the one who is blind to this information, he thinks that the interpretation of “the seal of prophets” is that he is the last of them in being sent. But what virtue is there in this? And what [perfection in] knowledge is there in this? This is the interpretation of ignorant people.
Syed Abdul Karim Jilani
Al Insaan ul Kamil, page 115
After Hazrat Muhammaed (SAW), the coming of law-bearing prohphet has ceased as he has been exalted to Khataman Nabiyeen.
Imam Abdul Wahab Shirani
Alyawaqit Wal Jiwahir, Vol. 2 Page 39
Let it be known that prophethood iteself has not ceased; it is the law-bearing prohphethood which has been discontinued. (He also explains the meaning of the famous Hadith and quote of Holy Prophet (SAW), "there will be no prophets after me", in the same context).
Hazrat Shah Waliullah (known as Mujaddid of 12th century and also a Mahadith)
Talheemaat-e-Illaya, Part 2 Page 85
The termination of prophethood with Holy Prophet (pbuh) means that there can be no divinely inspired reformer after him who will be commissioned with a new law.
Mohiyuddin Ibne Arabi
Al-Futuhat Al-Makiyya, Vol. 2 page 3
The prophet-hood that has terminated is the law-bearing prophet-hood and not prophet-hood itself. Thus there can be no new law (shariyah) that can abrogate or add into the law revealed by the Holy Prophet(SAW). This is the meaning of the Prophet’s(SAW) saying: prophet-hood has ceased – thus after me there will be no prophet. With this saying what the Prophet (SAW) had meant that now there can be no prophet that can come with a law (shariyah) which is against my law – instead whenever a prophet comes he will be subordinate to my law.

Conclusion

One important aspect to this discussion is to apply rationality and historical context. We know that it is the way (sunnah) of God Almighty to send prophets for dispensing wisdom and guidance. This dispensation is also a test for those who experience it--- people have supported and opposed prophets and nearly all have stood accused of being imposters. One important aspect of prophetic dispensation is when there is a need for it due to circumstances in religion and spirituality having deteriorated. Such deterioration has often occurred in form of divisions, in-fighting and the pervasion of other kinds of spiritual malice such as holding saints and prophets as equals with God Almighty. Prophets are a mercy and grace from God Almighty. Their absolute termination does not make sense.

Therefore, the interpretation that for me won at the end of the day is that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the ‘Seal’ of the prophets. The finality-of-prophethood would then mean that he is the zenith among prophet, the final level and state— there can be no new religious law or prophet after him that can abrogate his law or add anything to it. Any subsequent prophethood is only valid in complete and absolute subordination to him. And if he can inspire follower-prophets, this only adds to his status and authority.

In the next hub, I will write about the concept of the return of Son of Mary which is a fundamental subject of end-times prophecy in Christianity and Islam. It would be just as interesting for Christians too. Look for it in approximately a couple of weeks time.

For more information on this topic, please visit http://www.alislam.org/library/finality.html

"A Misconception Removed" by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (pbuh)

Poll

What is your interpreateation of the Finality-of-Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

See results

Disclaimer: The contents of this Hub do not officially represent The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam or the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The official website of The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam or The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is www.alislam.org. I write these Hubs in my personal capacity.

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    • forall profile image

      forall 4 years ago

      Assalamu Alaykum. I didn't finish reading the hub yet. I just wanted to welcome you on Hubpages. I will finish reading this one In Shaa Allah and I am waiting for the rest. Regardless to my own opinion, I prefer to leave comments for the end of your series, when having a complete image about what is Ahmadiyya for you. A simple curiosity :)

      Welcome on hubpages once again.

    • amer786 profile image
      Author

      amer786 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      Walaikum as-salaam warehmatulla wabarakatu,

      (Peace be on you too and the mercy and blessing of Allah Almighty)

      Thank you for the warm welcome and thank you for the read. I respect your approach greatly. You appear to be someone with patience who appreciates the broader view.

      The Holy Quran in Surah Asr teaches us: "Verily, man is in loss, save those who exhort unto the truth, and unto patience".

      I look forward to your comments in time. Even if our views end up being different, I hope we will bear with patience till we appear before our Lord-- a promise surely to be fulfilled.

      God bless and wasalaam.

    • profile image

      MUHAMMAD THE GREATEST MAN 3 years ago

    • amer786 profile image
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      amer786 3 years ago from Los Angeles

    • profile image

      M.N.Alam 3 years ago

      Since you admit that Prophet Muhammad (SM) is the last religious law giver; you also admit that any other prophet coming after Muhammad (SM) has nothing new or different message from Allah (SWT) to convey, then why bother who comes after Muhammad (SM)? Why not we stay happy by following what Muhammad (SM) has preached; sticking to the holy Quran and Hadith of Rasul Allah (SM)?

    • amer786 profile image
      Author

      amer786 3 years ago from Los Angeles

      The simple answer to this question is because if Allah(swt) has seen it fit to send a prophet and if Hazrat Muhammad(pbuh) emphasized it so strongly that he said ‘even if you have to crawl over glaciers of ice to reach him and offer your allegiance, you must do it’, then we should defer to such wisdom. Also, the covenant-of-the prophets that I have given above in the Hub in ‘Quran verses’ section surah 3:81 requires true followers to help and support the mission of a prophet who is restoring the essence of the law that has evidently been lost.

      By the way, who is happy or acceptable of the condition of Muslims today? Are you?

    • Jay C OBrien profile image

      Jay C OBrien 3 years ago from Houston, TX USA

      I am only beginning my research into your movement. I found the following statement:

      Ahmadiyya adherents believe that God sent Ghulam Ahmad, in the likeness of Jesus, to end religious wars, condemn bloodshed and reinstitute morality, justice and peace.

      I am all for movements emphasizing Peace. What does it mean, " God sent Ghulam Ahmad, in the likeness of Jesus?"

    • amer786 profile image
      Author

      amer786 3 years ago from Los Angeles

      We believe that, just like Jesus himself explained that John The Baptist (peace be o him) was the allegorical return of Elijah (peace be on him), that the second coming of Jesus is also in the same vein.

      There are several reasons why Ghulam Ahmad (peace be on him) is termed as ‘the second coming of Jesus’. For a more detailed exposition on the likeness of Jesus please see the section on “The Messianic Parallel” in the hub below (about halfway down) . . .

      https://hubpages.com/religion-philosophy/The-Secon...

      One of the parallels is that Muslims today have grossly misinterpreted prophecies about the coming of The Messiah in that he will wage wars and forcibly convert people to Islam. Many clerics exploit this mistaken ideology and implore religious violence against deemed infidels (which at times includes fellow Muslims). This is exactly how the Jews had misinterpreted prophecies they cited to deny Jesus (peace be on him) as The Messiah. Take a look at the second video called “Rejection of Messiah . . .” in the following hub where the Rabbi makes this statement – that the Messiah has a political mission, not spiritual.

      https://hubpages.com/religion-philosophy/The-true-...

      This is exactly what is happening with Muslims today. Muslim psychology has very little to say about the spirituality of The Messiah and mostly the traditions take literal interpretations to mean that The Messiah will consolidate a worldly kingdom for them. And the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had prophecized this mistake of theirs by saying they will become like the Jews in this way.

      The psychology of religious violence is not just a Jewish or Muslim phenomenon. When George Bush II was garnering support in Europe for the second Iraq War he told President Jacque Chirac of France that ‘Gog and Magog at work in the Middle East’. The French had to consult theologians in colleges to understand what he was talking about. Christian end-times thought and psychology also sees the Middle East as from where the ‘beast’ kingdom will rise, the Anti-Christ and Mystery Babylon The Great (a end-times super-power prophecised in The Holy Bible)—a hidden reason to wage wars perhaps.

      This is all grossly mistaken and very unfortunate to happen in the name of God and religion. Ghulam Ahmad (peace be on him) explained all this and condemned these notions in most religions. His followers reject violence in the name of religion even as they are severely persecuted in some Muslim countries. We believe his movement was seeded by God to eventually one day overcome all this terrible bloodshed.

    • Jay C OBrien profile image

      Jay C OBrien 3 years ago from Houston, TX USA

      Thank you for your well thought out answer. I do not know much about the "End Times," but I do believe in freedom of religion, checked with respect and dignity; Jihad of the Pen; rational dogmas; Peace, love and kindness.

      The problem seems to be with the leadership of nations, not the people themselves. I propose a regular psychological review of leaders. Further, we should secure a mental health warrant on leaders proposing violence.

      This leads to the issue of, "How widespread is mental illness and how severe?"

      I wish all peace, blessings and salvation with God Almighty!

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      A proof of the Finality of Prophethood (Khatmay-Nabuwwat)

      Guided by irrefutable word of Allah(SWT) in the Holy Quran and numerous Hadith, Muslims around the world do uniformly believe that, after Prophet Muhammad(SAW), the chain of prophethood has come to an end. According to this fundamental belief, anyone who now claims to be a Prophet of God should be viewed as an impostor, whose claim is contrary to the teachings of Islam.

      All Muslim scholars consider such self-proclaimed prophets misguided opportunists, who have doomed their souls for worldly gains. Sadly, those unfortunate individuals, who follow the man-made ideology of such opportunists, won't fair much better in the hereafter, unless they are awakened by the truth of Allah(SWT) and abbandon the teachings of their self-motivated leaders.

      It is those who believe not in the Signs of Allah that forge falsehood: it is they who lie!

      (The Holy Quran, An-Nahl 16:105)

      Khatmay-Nabuwat in the Quran

      Close to one hundred verses of the holy Quran, directly or indirectly, support the doctrine of the Finality of Prophethood.

      Verse 40 of the Surah Al-Ahzab (33), for instance, highlights this teaching in clear terms.

      The Holy Quran, Surah Al Ahzab 33:40

      Two translations of this Ayah follow:

      O people! Muhammad has no sons among ye men, but verily, he is the Apostle of God and the last in the line of Prophets. And God is Aware of everything.

      Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.

      (The Holy Quran, Al-Ahzab 33:40)

      Muslim Scholars, since the time of our beloved Prophet(SAW), have correctly understood this verse to indicate that no new Prophet or Messenger will be sent to humanity until the day of judgment.

      [Read: The Interpretation of well-known Muslim Scholars].

      Numerous verses of the Quran indicate that the teachings of Islam have been completed, perfected, and preserved and have been meant universally for all the Worlds. Such statements eliminate every reason for which a new prophet may need to be commissioned to humanity. In this regard, we can briefly mention:

      And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) save as a bringer of good tidings and a warner unto all mankind; but most of mankind do not know.

      (The Holy Quran, Saba 34:28)

      Say: "O men! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He That giveth both life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided."

      (The Holy Quran, Al-Araf 7:158)

      If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good).

      (The Holy Quran, Al-e-Imran 3:85)

      The following portion of the last revealed verse of the Holy Quran is also a testimony that no Apostle with new instructions or interpretations of the holy Quran will ever need to be sent to the humanity:

      This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.

      (The Holy Quran, Al-Maidah 5:3)

    • amer786 profile image
      Author

      amer786 2 years ago from Los Angeles

      @SAQIB6608

      You began your comment with “Guided by . . .”

      Guided? Do the so-called scholars and Muslims of this age appear “guided” to you? You live in Pakistan—take a look around you. I talk to a lot of people in Pakistan and most agree that the Muslim world today is not only misguided, but even under divine punishment. Is this the condition of a people guided? Or misguided? In verse 25:30 The Holy Quran gives prophecy of a time when people when abandon the Holy Quran. Given what we see with the state and condition of the world, many believe that time is now. At a time like this, is it wise to follow the popular interpretations of “The Finality of Prophet-hood”?

      You said about verse 33:40, “Muslim Scholars, since the time of our beloved Prophet(SAW), have correctly understood this verse to indicate that no new Prophet or Messenger will be sent to humanity until the day of judgment.” I don’t think you even read this Hub because I gave reference of many scholars who say that Prophet Muhammad (saw) is the last “law-bearing” prophet, and any prophet to come can only be a follower of prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

      The Holy Quran itself makes clear that not all prophets bring a new law or Shariah. Like Hazrat Isa (pbuh) who the Quran explains in verse 61:6 came to fulfill or reaffirm theTorah. Or, how it mentions in verse 5:20 that prophets came to the followers of Moses as a ‘blessing’.

      When corruption and misguidance reaches the stage that we see today, it is only a prophet who can guide people. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) gave as many as 90 traditions of Hadith speaking of the coming of a prophet. He used the term Mahdi, Messiah and in one Sahih Muslim Hadith (vol 4, p. 2254, Book #41 ref# 7015) the Holy Prophet Muhammd (pbuh) used the term “Nabiullah” of “prophet of Allah” four times as reference for the heavenly guide to come after him. I have also given many references from Quran in the hub.

      When people reject prophets, as they always have in history-- that would explain the misguidance we see today. But we have also seen in history that popular notions and the rejection has never succeeded. Allah (swt), the Lord of the Heavens and Earth, has passed Decree (verse 58:21) that "My messengers will prevail".

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      Law bearing??self proclaimed word.

      Again i would refer to glorious Quran,(Surah Al Ahzab 33.40)

      "O people ! Muhammad has no sons among ye men, but verily,

      He is the Apostle of God and the LAST IN THE LINE OF PROPHETS.

      And God is Aware of everything."

      The Prophet of God (PBUH) affirmed: "My position in relation to the prophets who came before me can be explained by the following example:

      A man erected a building and adorned this edifice with great beauty, but he left an empty niche, in the corner where just one brick was missing. People looked around the building and marvelled at its beauty, but wondered why a brick was missing from that niche? I am like unto that one missing brick and I am the last in the line of the Prophets." (Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Manaqib).

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      The Holy Prophet (SAW) observed:

      "God has bestowed upon me six favors which the former Prophets did not enjoy:

      (1) I have been endowed with the gift of pithy and perfect speech.

      (2) I was granted victory owing to my awe.

      (3) The spoils of war were made lawful unto me.

      (4) The whole earth has been made the place of worship for me and it has become the means of purification for me also. In other words in my religion, offering of prayers is not confined to certain specified places of worship. Prayers can be offered at any place over the earth. And in case water is not available it is lawful for my people to perform ablutions with earth (Tayammum) and to cleanse themselves with the soil if water for bathing is scarce.

      (5) I have been sent by Allah to carry His Divine message to the whole world.

      (6) And the line of prophets has come to its final end in me."

      (Muslim, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

    • amer786 profile image
      Author

      amer786 2 years ago from Los Angeles

      It is very very sad and regretful indeed that you have taken such a liberty with the word “Khatam” in the translation of verse 33:40 of The Holy Quran. Most translations take care to translate “Khatam” as “signet ring” or “seal” which is its primary meaning and application. The word “last” or an interpretation of “last in line” is usually kept in the commentary on in parenthesis. But more and more people are taking up this liberty of writing interpretations as the translation itself. Truly regrettable.

      The word “Khatam” in Arabic is applied to denote a final-state or perfection. In the Hadith itself Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) calls Hazrat Ali (ra) “Khatamul Auliya” (the perfect saint). Was he the “last in line” of the saints? Then Prophet Muhammad calls his uncle Hazrat Abbas (ra) “Khatamul Mujahireen” (the perfect refugee). Was he the “last in line” of refugees? Then, Abu Tamam was known as “Khatamul Shuara” (the perfect poet). Were no poets ever born after Abu Tamam?

      The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said “I am the last of the prophets, and my mosque is the last mosque” (Sahih Muslim Book#7, Ref# 3211) Have any mosques been built after the mosque of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)?

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      Some Explanations: (Whether they seem to be regretful to you or

      what-so-ever)

      * Almighty Allah clearly says in Holy Quran,

      “I am the Last of the Prophets. No Prophet is there after me.”

      ____________________________________________

      * Saad Bin Abi Waqas narrates that the Holy Prophet P.B.U.H said to Ali

      “Ali! You have the same status and relation with me as Haroon (AS) had with Mosses (AS) with the exception that there is no prophet after me.”

      ________________________________________________

      * Ummul-Mumineen Hazrat Ayesha (Razi-Allah-ho-Anha)Narrates, the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) said

      “I am the Last of Prophets and My Mosque is the Last of the mosques of the Holy Prophets.”

      _______________________________________________

      * Hazrat Sobaan(Razi-Allah-ho-Anhu) narrated, the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) said

      “There will be thirty faiths less liars of the highest order. Every one of them wills claims to be a Prophet. Whereas in fact,I am last of the Prophets. No Prophet is to come (Here) after me”.

      ________________________________________________

      CONCLUSION:-

      Almighty Allah Says in Qur’an about his last prophet

      “Nor does He (MUHAMMAD PBUH) Say (ought) of (his own) desire. It is no less then inspiration sent down to him”.

      After such clear declaration by almighty Allah Himself and his last his most distinguished prophet about the end termination of the practice of appointing Prophets.

      All the expounders and exegetics have concord on the meanings of Khatm-e-Nubuwwat. I.e. there is neither any type of Prophet nor any sort of messenger after Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H). It is also concordat that there is no other interpretation or appropriation in the meanings of the word Khatm-e-Nubuwwat.

      May Allah grace all the Muslims to bound and cling themselves to the person of Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and remain adherent to the teachings of Islam in letter and spirit ,(Aamin).

    • amer786 profile image
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      amer786 2 years ago from Los Angeles

      You wrote . . . * Almighty Allah clearly says in Holy Quran, “I am the Last of the Prophets. No Prophet is there after me."

      What?? Have you lost your soul? Are you now descending into attributing complete lies to the Holy Quran? Would you please give us the verse reference in The Holy Quran where these words are given?

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      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      I meant to write HOLY PROPHET (PBYH) himself said. By mistake . for that I am sorry and may ALLAH Almighty forgive us.

      Khatm-e-Nubuwwat means that Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallaho-Alaihe-Wassallam) is the Last of the Prophets.

      The process and routine of sending Prophets and Messengers by Almighty Allah has been terminated, finished, ended, stopped, and sealed. None will be appointed or sent as prophet after Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallaho-Alaihe-Wassallam). His prophet hood will continue until the dooms day and beyond

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      amer786 2 years ago from Los Angeles

      I know you meant it for the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Holy Prophet (pbuh) himself says nothing in the Quran, it is all Allah's words. Every time Holy Prophet (pbuh) is addressed, Allah begins the verse with "Qul" or "say" to make it clear that these are Allah's words.

      So, as you claimed where are the words in the Holy Quran addressing Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) with, "Qul, anna Khataman Nabiyyeen, La Nabiya Baadi"??

      I am not asking for your interpretation of Khatme Nabuwwat. You said Allah has clearly given these words in the Holy Quran, where are they?

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      SAQIB 2 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      verse 33:40 of The Holy Quran

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