- Religion and Philosophy
The Basic Teaching of Islam: Tawheed
The fundamental Islamic belief amongst all Muslims is Tawheed, which is Islamic Monotheism. Tawheed is the belief that there is only one God and no one deserves more worship than the one God. The concept of Tawheed forbids the association of partners with God to be worshiped. Ultimately there are two major parts of Tawheed: the understanding and acceptance of there being only one God who created all that exist and none deserves worship other than the one God.
In more intermediate studies one learns there is actually a total of three parts to Tawheed: arTawheeAr-Ruboobiyyah (Lordship), Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah (Worship), and Tawheed al-Asma` was-Sifaat (Names and Attributes). First, Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyyah, which is the category specific to the Lordship of Allah is the portion of Tawheed regarding that Allah, the Most High, is the Creator of everything, and is the Controller of all that occurs, and He has no partners who assist is any of it. Next is Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah, which is the Tawheed specific to worship which emphasizes that no other deity, no person, no persons, thing or things to be worshiped. Only Allah can be worshiped for it to be accepted true worship. So acts of fasting, praying and many other forms of worship can only be for Allah and no other. The third part of Tawheed is Tawheed al-Asma ‘was-Sifaat which is specific to the Names and Attributes of Allah. Before explaining the third category, it is important to understand that in Islam the Prophet Muhammad clearly explained that Allah has 99 names, which are Allah’s attributes that set Allah apart from all creation. [refer to link for all 99 Names of Allah: http://hadithoftheday.com/99-names-of-allah-swt/] Regarding the third Tawheed category, let us use one of the names of Allah as an example. Al-Khabeer is one of the 99 Names of Allah, which means ‘The One Who is Aware of All (The One who knows the truth of all things). The third category of Tawheed forbids the use of ‘Al-Khabeer’ for anything else or anyone else other than Allah. The attribute, Al-Khabeer, refers to Allah being the One who knows all truth and no one else knows all truth like Allah. If anyone was referred to as Al-Khabeer, the one who knows all truth, or any other of the 99 names is claiming that that person or thing is at the same level as Allah, which is setting a partner with Allah.
Also, Tawheed is the explanation to why, despite language or culture, Muslims worldwide refer to God as ‘Allah.' Other religions claim monotheism. However, their monotheism does not meet the requirements of Islamic monotheism according to the three categories of Tawheed. Since the word ‘God’ is used in a variety of forms depending on the faith. Muslims have adopted the consistent reference to God in the Arabic translation, Allah, which is the exact reference in the Quran. So Muslims say Allah to set apart the difference regarding the various types of monotheistic beliefs.
[Many Muslims today just use the word ‘God’ when referring to Allah because many non-Muslims to not understand the concept of Tawheed, and many believe the word Allah refers to something else like a specific thing or person. Ultimately, it is was easier when a Muslims in not in an Islamic setting to refer to Allah as God.]
Tawheed Verses from the Quran
These are only some of the many Tawheed verses from the Quran.
“Allah - there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” [Quran- Al-Baqarah: 255]
“Indeed, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people, and he said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day!” [Al-A’raf 7: 59]
“Say (O Muhammad P.B.U.H): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him….” [Al-An’am 6:151]
“That is Allah, your Lord!. There is no god but He, the Creator of all things. Then worship Him, and He has power to dispose of all affairs” [Al-An’am 6:102]
“Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.” [Surah Al Ikhlaas]
And your Allah is One Allah.There is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqara, 163)
There is no god but He: That is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice.There is no god but He, the Exalted in Power, the Wise. (Surah Al-Imran, 18)
They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah.If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them. (Surah Al-Maida, 73)
But if they turn away, Say: "(Allah) sufficeth me: there is no god but He: On Him is my trust,- He the Lord of the Throne (of Glory) Supreme!" (Surah At-Tawba, 129)
No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah.(He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him! (Surah Al-Muminun, 91)
Verily, verily, your Allah is one!- (Surah As-Saffat, 4)
Allah. There is no god but He: and on Allah, therefore, let the Believers put their trust. (Surah At-Taghabun, 13)
Ibn Ahmad, Maher. (2009). “The three categories of Tawheed and Shirk, by Shaykh 'Abdil 'Azeez bin 'Abdillaah bin Baaz.” http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=17&Topic=8369
Arshad, Asma. (2013-2017). “Verses of Holy Quran about Monotheism (Tauheed).” https://www.alquranclasses.com/verses-holy-quran-monotheism-tauheed/
Quran Index, (2017). “Verses including the word Oneness Of Allah (Tawhid).”
© 2017 Sumayyah Farooq