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The Names of God - Part II

Updated on May 24, 2011

Welcome friends and Hubbers! This is the second part of three that I hope will help you learn the many names of God. Most of these are unfamiliar, as they were to me, but they appear in the Bible many times and reveal the character and nature of our Heavenly Father. The Bible was written to help us form a personal relationship with Him. It is God's guidebook on how to live and how to have a fulfilling, joyful, and content life! Hopefully, by the end of Part III, you and I will see how mighty, loving, and awesome our God truly is.

Again, I want to express my thanks to several hubbers for helping to inpire me and encourage me on my walk with the Lord. Weathmadehealthy, Dave Matthews, Skye2day, JinyMarte, Barrydan, and many other believers! I want to give a special thanks to my dear friend, Pastor Pycraft, who really showed me what a true, Bible believing Christian is like and leading me to Salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. Pastor Pycraft presented this study to our adult Bible study class and I wanted to share it with all of you. The credit goes to him for the information!

The Lord is my Shepherd...I shall not want!
The Lord is my Shepherd...I shall not want!

JEHOVAH-ROHI - the Lord is my Shepherd

Most people will recognize the meaning of this name, though most won't know what God's name is. Most funerals have a reading of Psalm 23 during the service and God constantly uses the symbols of the Shepherd and his sheep throughout the Old and New Testament.

This name is where we find the tenderest, most intimate relationship between Jehovah and His people. Shepherds cared for their sheep in so many ways, leading, protecting, feeding, rescuing, and finding them when they became lost. Every need a sheep needed was met by the shepherd. The shepherd was like a guardian angel. God used the shepherd and sheep relationship to demonstrate to us that He is the same to us, protecting, guiding, and leading us, etc. This same symbolism is used in the New Testament with Jesus, who is known as the Good Shepherd.

The Shepherd's Psalm (Psalm 23) is read at funerals to comfort and console the hearers. The person, if saved, will enjoy the comforts and pleasures of Heaven. The Shepherd will provide for you and you will not want anything...all your needs will be met and much, much more!

JEHOVAH-SHALOM - the Lord is Peace

When this name is revealed, Israel was under great oppression by the Midianites. For 7 years they hid in caves and the Midianites took almost everything they had. Throughout history, Israel had to learn from the "School of Hard Knocks". Israel would sin, God would bring judgment, Israel would then repent, God would provide a deliverer (judge), and Israel would be restored and delivered. This repeated over and over.

Peace is the emphasis in this name of God. To have peace means a person has the fullest measure of contentment and satisfaction in life. It is a state of deep 'rightness' that comes from a harmonious relationship with God.

The only way to have this Godly peace is to have a good relationship with God/Jesus. This is the only kind of peace that lasts. There is no peace besides that which can come by way of Christ!

God entering the rebuilt temple.
God entering the rebuilt temple.

JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH - the Lord is There

To me, this is one of the most important names of God.  Knowing that God's presence is always with you should be of great comfort.  As you know, terrible things happen to all of us, even God's people.  But followers of God don't have to face anything alone.  Israel was conquered many times, and the people taken off into captivity.  Israel, again had turned from God and the prophets foretold the destruction of Jerusalem.  When this happened, Jehoval left.  The prophets then foretold of the city being restored and Jehovah -shammah would dwell with them. 

Throughout the Exodus, Jehovah promised Moses His eternal presence.  (Exodus 3: 13-14) amd was at the temple when it was dedicated after the city was restored.  (II Chron. 7:1-3)

Jesus repeatedly said that He would be with us always, even to the end of the age.  This promise should bring great comfort to believers.  When you accept Jesus, he indwells you with the Holy Spirit, the Comforter.  We are His Temple and abides in us...therefore He is with us always!

Lord of Lords and King of Kings!
Lord of Lords and King of Kings!

EL - ELYON - the Most High

God's awesome majesty and supreme exaltedness is what this name speaks of. God is the highest of the highest. Nothing is equal to or above God! He alone is the ruler of the universe and has absolute, complete power over everything. (Daniel 4: 24-37)

El-Elyon tells us of God's position as Supreme Being. Abraham acknowledged that He was the Most High God. (Gen. 14:18-20), and God wants men to know that he is the Most High over all the earth. (Psalm 83:18)

Therefore, since God is Most High, He is worthy of our worship. He humbles those who refuse to recognize His Supreme Authority. Satan was cast out of Heaven and humbled when he tried to put himself above the Most High. (Isaiah 12: 12-15) The king of Babylon was stripped of his kingdom for his pride and self-worship. (Daniel 4: 25-37). All who rebel against the Most High will be humbled.

God defeats the Philistine Goliath through His servant David.
God defeats the Philistine Goliath through His servant David.

JEHOVAH-SABAOTH - the Lord of Hosts

This name of God is not revealed to Israel until they are in the Promised Land. The name suggests a military this case, referring to God as our Commander in Chief. But it is much more than that. Jehovah-sabaoth is the Creator and Head of all the hosts of the entire universe, animate and inanimate. (Psalm 84: 11-12)

The Lord of Host speaks of God's leadership over all Creation. This is because God created everything and because He has the power to be the head. He also is Leader over the armies of God. God led Israel's armies (Joshua 5: 13-15), and is the Leader of Heaven's armies.

He is our place of refuge when trouble comes and always hears the cries of His people. He will help. (James 5:4, and Romans 9:29) Therefore, Jehovah-sabaoth is willing to intervene and assist Believers.

God is not a Pacifist!
God is not a Pacifist!

JEHOVAH - NAKAH - the Lord who Smites

God's hatred of sin is revealed by this name.  This hatred and judgent upon sin stems from one of God's main attributes...holiness.  The Lord tells us to hate evil and love the good.  (Amos 5:15). He cannot and will not always tolerate sin. 

God will judge the earth during the Tribulation and it will be severe.  God blesses obedience, but punishes disobedience.  His hatred of sin, specifically idolatry, causes anger.  Israel was smitten (to slay or kill), because they did not listen and obey God's voice.

Jehovah-nakah never smites us until his patience and mercy run out.  We still live in the age of Grace...but I believe time is running out and God's patience is about to end.  He has been patient all of these centuries but will not always tolerate man's wickdness.  Just as God smote the Egyptians because of Pharoah's hardened heart (Exodus 3:20), we will be too if we don't turn back to God.

Greek letters Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End!   God is EVERLASTING!
Greek letters Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End! God is EVERLASTING!

ALPHA and OMEGA - the First and Last

I am sure most of you have heard this name of God. It is quoted often and been heard in several movies. These are the first and last letters in the Greek alphabet. It is a name of God that states that God is the ONLY God there is. The Bible never states where God came from. He has always existed from eternity past and will exist forever! Alpha and Omega was there when life began and will be there when it ends as we know it and beyond. (Revelation 1:1-18)

God is the beginning or origin of all Creation. He is the Creator of all things and sustains it also. His name is above everyother name and has been given all authority.

Alpha and Omega speaks of God as the final destination...all that exists shall arrive. Omega tells us the point where everything concludes (Revelation 1: 18-22, 12:13) When we leave this world, we will give account to Christ, the Alpha and Omega. (Romans 14: 11-12)

Jesus is the only one that can make us Holy!
Jesus is the only one that can make us Holy!


As we should know, God is above everything...he is the Holy One. Our limited minds cannot even understand a being that is infinitely holy. He is so far above creation that and the only we can even approach such holiness is through the sacred blood of His Son, Jesus. (Isaiah 12:1-6)

As we learned previously, God's primary attribute is Holiness. Since He is holy, God is totally separate and unique from all that is common. He has no equal. No equal in creations, wisdom, or moral cleaness.

Since this is true, the Holy One demands holiness from His people. All the holiness we will ever need is available in and through Jesus. There is no possible way for us, in our own strength, to even begin to be holy, but God provide the way through His Son!

The Golden Calf idol - made during the Exodus when Moses was on the mountain receiving the Ten Commandments.
The Golden Calf idol - made during the Exodus when Moses was on the mountain receiving the Ten Commandments.

QANNA - Jealous

God is the only one worthy of our worship, but He expects and demands it. When he does not receive our proper worship, He is jealous. He is jealous because He strongly desires our fellowship and worship is the primary way to fellowship.

Qanna is most often used when referring to false gods. God forbids the worship of idols. God gets angry when His people go after them.

So, how are we to worship? By worshiping Him by being aware of His jealousy and power. (I Corinthians 10:20-22) We are also to worship Him personally and with other believers.

Our God becomes Jealous when we don't spend time with HIm by worshipping and exalting Him.

God is Eternal.  He watches over everyone of us, His Creation on Earth, and the entire universe.
God is Eternal. He watches over everyone of us, His Creation on Earth, and the entire universe.

EL - OLAM - the Everlasting God

Eternity...a difficult concept. The idea of never ending is incomprehensible. God is totally unaffected by time. God is timeless. Since this is true, God is never in a hurry...He has always been and always will be. He has no past or future as we know it...there is only forever with God, and forever is NOW. God completely exists independently of time. (II Peter 3:5-8) God created time!

Many of the early prophets recognized this. Abraham was the first, Moses wrote about the eternal God, Isaiah also was aware of the eternity of God. Daniel acknowledged that it was God's nature to be eternal, while King David knew God was everlasting.

Since El-olam is eternal, His gifts and judgements are also. Only God can give us eternal life and those that reject Him, will have everlasting punishmet. Even Jesus claimed openly to be the everlasting God.


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    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      That is fine that you disagree with me and have no problems with it..we can agree to disagree..okay? lol As for your example "Most High" that is not the name, but what El-Elyon means. The name of God is El-Elyon, which all are in capital letters. As for my pastor's teachings, that I stand by 100%. My church is totally based on the Word of God, believe it is 100% true and accurate and all teachings come from that source. I know some pastors are false teachers and if this helps, my pastor is a strong follower of Dr. Charles Stanley in Atlanta. We take the Bible literally and we always are told to check the Bible ourselves to verify what any of our pastors or teachers are instructing us in. This study was done over many months and I stand by it totally! Thanks again for your comments...there are false teachers out there, we Believers know that and it is even told that in the end times, that will be more common. Anyway, thanks again for your comments and what counts is we both believe in our Lord and Savior, the Son of our Almighty God whatever name or title he uses to get his message to all of us God bless you and yours! Maybe when we meet in Heaven we can discuss this in person...then we can ask God who is right! LOL Take care and be well, my friend!

    • Dannytaylor02 profile image

      Daniel Nathan Taylor 

      7 years ago from United Kingdom, Liverpool


      I respect that. Really though, the clue is in the names given. They aren't names they are titles. You can't say that "Most High" for example is a name, it clearly isn't.

      God's name appears more than 6,000 times in the bible: Genesis 3:15 - he tells us what his name is and it is by that name that he is remembered from generation to generation.

      I accept you have a different viewpoint but i would recommend not taking the word of pastors because they distort the truth of what the bible teaches to fit in with their own belief.

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      Hi Dannytaylor02

      I strongly disagree with what you said, all the information I have provided in these three articles are NAMES of God. God Himself even used the name "I AM" when with Moses giving him the 10 Commandments. I do not know your background, but the information I have given were provided by pastors and men who have studied His Word for decades, so will stand by that and what I have written. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Dannytaylor02 profile image

      Daniel Nathan Taylor 

      7 years ago from United Kingdom, Liverpool

      God only has one name, Jehovah. the rest of what you have cited are either expressions of his qualitites or expressions of his power.

      Having said that, good hub!

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      Thank you Arcjahad. I may have misplaced some of the pages since I put them in a notebook as we did them. I will have to double check and see if I can find them. There are 30 I have now, so it sure is possible I lost a couple over time. Thanks for coming by and leaving your comment!

    • profile image


      10 years ago from New Jersey

      Nice hub but your pastor left out two of the most important names that stand above all others and they are YaHuWaH the creator and our savior Yahushua these are the personal names of the Most High and his Son and if you don't believe just research and it will be revealed to you

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA made me blush! LOL I am glad you appreciate these. It was a lot of work, even though most of the information I had in one place to refer to. I thank my former pastor for that...he gets the credit. I am glad I could 'Google' the names and get some of the graphics. I learned so much from this and still am! Thank you for stopping by!

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Knightheart this is outstanding work and the imagery is so breathtaking...Love love love this series...

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      I sure know what you mean about reading these more than once. This topic is pretty intense and even going through this study with my pastor and writing it here has made me realize I still am learning and trying to remember all of this too. Understanding God is no easy task...our minds just can't grab onto a perfect, onmipotent being! But am glad he does try to reveal Himself to us! Listing His many names helps me to see as many attributes, the nature, and a little of the mind of God! What a privilege!

      God Bless you too!

    • stars439 profile image


      10 years ago from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State.

      Wonderful hub, and I will be reading it more than once. Many different names of God. How so very neat is that ! God Bless You Dear Friend.

    • Teylina profile image


      10 years ago

      Dave, my man, I go with you on Yahweh. Funny, when I'm jotting notes, etc., I get real person and go w/Jah--also, if I'm very happy--which is often! They both just feel right and are truly personal names, like Dave Matthews (wish I coulda seen the band when they were here a mo ago!) or Elizabeth or Tristan, or whatever. Check out LORD--not sure which translation you use, but if you run a concordance check I think you'll find LORD in full caps in, for example, King James, is where the name "Jehovah" was substituted. Too much in all that for me to get involved. I'm outta here for good. Just wanted to let you know I like Yahweh myself. You are so right in that he is LORD over all, but think full caps refers to a proper name substitution. Oh, well. Who'm I?

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      Dave: Thank you, sir! Writing these "Names of God" hubs are very intensive, but that is fine. God is awesome and so many don't know the many names of our Lord! So much about His character and nature are revealed in wonder God revealed His names over the centuries to remind us of His Omnipotence and Power.

      After I finish the next hub, the final part of this mini series, I will decide which 3 names are my favorite. Actually all are! LOL

      Praise God for allowing His creation to learn and know more about the King of Kings!

      God Bless you, Brother! Peace and joy to you always!

    • Dave Mathews profile image

      Dave Mathews 

      10 years ago from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA

      Knightheart: Nicely written and beautifully illustrated thank you. My three favorite names for God is "I AM" "YAWEH" and "LORD" for God is LORD over all.

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      Welcome Teylina. I appreciate your comment and your support. I am posting these hubs, along with many others on Hubpages, in order to help them realize that God is real, the Bible is true, and the future as revealed in the Book of Revelation as recorded by John is going to happen. So many are lost or mislead...time is running out and don't want anyone to get caught unprepared and suffer not only the Tribulation, but eternity separated from God in the Lake of Fire. God Bless you!

    • Teylina profile image


      10 years ago

      Very good hub. Lots of good info. Maybe some people will appreciate some of the points you've made.

    • Knightheart profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from MIssouri, USA

      Thank you, C-Bless. Glad to meed another believer and newbie! There are many great folk here and am sure you will find your stay here rewarding and fun too. I appreciate you stopping by and visiting. Welcome to Hubpages! God Bless you!

    • C-Bless profile image


      10 years ago from Canada

      Fabulous hub!! I've learned much from this hub including 8 additional names for Jehovah. From one newbie another, welcome to hubpages, and thank you for sharing...


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