- Religion and Philosophy
What Does The Quran (Koran) Says About Creation of human, Animal, Man and Ruh?
What Quran Says About humans?
Human being is the direct addressee of God in Holy Quran. Hence significant references to the origin of man are dispersed over the pages of Quran. According to the Quranic teachings the man is the essence of the universe rather a mini universe. He has to attain a personality. Man, like animals, is first conceived in the mother’s womb. The Quran puts it in a picturesque way:-
What Quran Says About the Birth of Humans
Verily We created man from a production of wet earth, then placed him as a drop (of seed) in a safe lodging; then fashioned We the drop into a clot; then fashioned We the bones; then clothed bones with flesh, and then gave it another creation (23: 12-14).
“We created man for sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.” (15-26)
One important aspect which requires special attention is that the above verses of Quran were revealed over 1400 year back, when the science was not so advance to ascertain the stages involved in the creation of a human body. However, the stages mentioned in the Quran, were proved to be correct in the light of latest developments in the medical science. This can be called a miracle of Quran and Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). This also proves that this Holy Book is not man-written book but a revolution for the Almighty.
In the above verses, the term “another creation” implies that at this stage man is born anew and emerges as a responsible and fully self-determining individual. Through this new birth man is elevated to a plane above the animal world. He is now endowed with a “self” and faces the world as an autonomous being. This happens when the Creator has ‘breathed into him His Ruh(Soul)”.
What Quran Says about Importance of Human Being?
The dominion of man over the nature is set forth in the symbolical language of Quran, when the angels were commanded to submit to him and prostrate themselves before him. In the vast stretches of eternity, man’s span of life, though considerably longer than majority of the living beings, is just a vibrating moment, which even fails to invite any strain. His significance is only with reference to personality.
“And when your Lord said to the angels, I am about to create man out of mire. And when I have fashioned him and have breathed into him My Ruh, then fall down before him, prostate (15-28, 29).
The theory of creation of man rule out the concept that the man belongs to any other species as stipulated by some biologists and anthropologists. He was an exclusive creation of his own kind. But then came something which made the biggest difference, striking a complete departure form the rest of the millions of the species of the living beings.
It is this soul or Divine Energy which confers on man the power to choose and act freely. He has now received the inestimable gift of real freedom. It was breathing from Allah’s Spirit into him i.e. creating in him the faculty of knowledge in depth and will, which if rightly used, would give him superiority over other creatures.
The man carries within himself signs of God’s wisdom and power. He can see, reflect, mediate and rise to transcendental heights from within:-
“He, who created all things on the best way and He began the creation of man from clay.”
“And made his progeny from a quintessence of despised fluid.”
“Then He fashioned him in due proportion and breathed into him of His spirit. And gave you the faculties of hearing and sight and understanding, little thanks you give.” (32-7, 8, 9).
What happens when the man fails to use the faculties granted to him? The one who obeys no law but what his animal instincts and desires, imparted in him by virtue of his biological grow, is a beast or brute. The distortion of man’s will and his remaining close to earth, blocks him from the truth of existence and the right understanding of the whole process:
“Many are the jinns and men We have made for the Hell; they have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle, nay more misguided for they are heedless of warning.” (7-179).
“Or you think that most of them listen or understand, they are only like cattle, nay, they are farther astray from the way” (25-44).
Other Quranic verses, which discuss the man and his purpose in this mortal world are as under:-
Man is the paragon of creation:- Verily, We have honoured the children of Adam (xvii. 70)
The Angels also prostrate before man: And when We said unto the Angels: Prostate yourselves before Adam. (ii. 34).
Man has been created in the best of stature: Surely We created man of the best stature (xcv. 4)
The whole creation is made subservient to man: See no how Allah hath made serviceable unto you whatsoever is in the skies and whatsoever is in the earth and hath loaded you with His favors both without and within (xxxi. 20)
Heavenly bodies do service to man: And He hath constrained the night and the day and the sun and the moon to be of service unto you, and the stars are made subservient by His command. (xvi. 12)
The sea is also under subjugation of man: And He it is Who hath constrained the sea to be of service (xvi. 14).
The boat and the ship do also serve man:- Hast thou not seen how Allah hath made all that is in the earth subservient unto you? And the ship runneth upon the sea by His command (xxii. 65).
The camal and other quadrupeds are also under domination of man: Thus have We made them (camels) subject unto you (xxii. 36).
The value of human blood in the Light of Quran:-
Whosoever killeth a human being for other than man-slaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind (v. 32).
What Quran says about Importance of Knowledge for Humans:
And we taught Adam all the names (ii. 31). He teacheth man that which he knew not (xcvi.5). He Teacheth by the pen (xcvi. 4). He hath taught him utterance (speech). (iv. 5)