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What is Islam 101 Powerpoint

Updated on March 11, 2012

What is Islam 101

(1) Meaning of Islam

  • Islam is ‘Submission to the Will of Allah’ (Deity, God).
  • Islam is derived from the word SALAAM (peace ), so it’s literal meaning is PEACE.
  • The people who practice Islam are referred to as MUSLIMS.

Islam is the second largest religion in the world with an estimated 1.200 billion Muslims in the world!”

(2) Five Pillars of Islam

  • Shahaadah (Creed) To testify that Allah alone is worthy of worship and Muhammad (peace be upon Him) is His final Messenger
  • Salaat (Prayer) Muslims pray 5 times a day daily
  • Sawm (Fasting) Muslims fast for 29/30 days and have nothing to eat between sunrise & sunset
  • Zakaat (Alms giving) Muslims are supposed to give a fixed proportion of their savings (2.5%) for endeavours such as helping the poor. In this way, their wealth is “made pure”
  • Hajj (Pilgrimage) Muslims make a visit to the House of Allah in Makkah, once in a life time if one can afford in doing so.


(3) Believing in the Holy Books

Muslims believe in the FOUR Holy and Sacred books which were revealed to the Prophets from the Lord brought down by the arch angel, Jibraa’il (Gabriel).”

They were:

  • The PSALMS (Biblical name) / ZABUR (Qur’anic name) revealed to Prophet David (Dawood – P.B.U.H)
  • The TORAH (Biblical name) / TAURAAT (Qur’anic name) revealed to Prophet Moses (Musa – P.B.U.H)
  • The BIBLE (Biblical name) / INJEEL (Qur’anic name) revealed to Prophet Jesus (‘Esa – P.B.U.H)
  • The KORAN (Biblical name) / QUR’AN (Qur’anic name) revealed to Prophet Muhammad ( P.B.U.H)

(4) Prophets in Islam

“Muslims believe that there were about 124,000 prophets who came to earth to spread the message of the Lord.”

They included, prophet:

  • Aadam (PBUH) ADAM
  • Nuh (PBUH) NOAH
  • Idris (PBUH) Enoch
  • Yusuf (PBUH) Joseph
  • Ibrahim (PBUH) Abraham
  • Ya’qub (PBUH) Jacob
  • Eisaa (PBUH) Jesus
  • Musa (PBUH) Moses
  • Muhammad (PBUH)


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