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What is Agape Love?

Updated on December 15, 2012
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I am a Christian pastor who wishes to bring glory to God in all that I do, and to help people through my writing to know Him better.


Unconditional Love

There was a song that came out a few years ago that had the lyrics in it: "What the world needs now is love, sweet love. It's the only thing that there's just too little of." The universal need of all men, women and children is for unconditional love. There is another, more recent song, that asks the question: "Who will love me for me? Not for what I have done, or what I will become." This kind of love that doesn't depend on our performance, but is a choice by the lover to care for us no matter what, is the idea behind the biblical word agape (ah-ga-pay). This is the main word used in the New Testament for love.

I. Four Greek Words for Love

The Ancient Greeks used four words for love. They each have a different meaning. These words include:

1. Philia- ( Fill-ee-uh) This means close friendship or brotherly love. The word and other forms of it are found throughout the New Testament. Christians are frequently asked to love fellow Christians in this way. For example Paul says in Romans 12:10 : "Love one another with brotherly affection. Outdo one another in showing honor."

2. Storge- (Stor-gay) Storge is family love, like the bond among mothers, fathers, sisters and brothers. An example of this is the natural love and affection of a parent for their child. Although the word doesn't appear in the Bible, many examples of family love are found in Scripture.

3. Eros- (E-ros) This is the word for the sexual, physical love between two people. Once again, the word doesn't appear in Scripture, but the concept certainly does. The Old Testament book Song of Solomon is a good example. The Bible reserves sexual love solely for the husband and wife in marriage.

4. Agape- (ah-ga-pay) Agape is a selfless, sacrificial love. It is the highest of the four loves. This word and variations of it are found throughout the New Testament. This is the type of love that comes from God.

II. God is Agape Love

The Bible says that agape is of God, and from God because His very nature is love itself. I John 4:8 affirms this fact when it says:

"He that does not love, does not know God for God is love."

This means that everything that the Lord does flows from His love. However, it is not the sappy sentimental kind. He loves because it is the very expression of His being. He loves the unloveable and undeserving. We did absolutely nothing to merit God's favor. And, being sinners, we could never do anything that could ever cause Him to love us.

God's agape love was shown best when He sent His only Son to earth to die on the cross for our sins. Ephesians 2:1 says that we were dead in trespasses and sins. Paul tells us in Romans 5:8 that "God demonsrated his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

That is one of the characteristics of this type of love. It is always demonstrated in some way. And it is sacrificial. It puts the needs of the one loved ahead of our own needs or desires. Also, it is not based upon feelings. Rather it is an act of the will, or a joyful resolve to act on behalf of the object of our love.

III. God's Children and Agape Love

The agape love that we are talking about here does not come naturally to humans. Rather it must come from its source, God Himself. Our natural sinful tendency is to put ourselves, our needs and desires, ahead of everything and everyone else. But when God enters our lives, He gives us a new nature, one capable of this kind of selflessness. Jesus now commands us who know Him:

"As I have loved you, you should also love one another" (John 13:34).

And the Lord even goes so far as to say that the way that the world will know that we are His disciples, is that we show agape love for one another (John 13:34,35). The Apostle John goes even farther by telling us that if we say that we love God and yet hate our brother, we are a liar (I John 4:20).

Love is part of the Fruit of the Spirit of God who indwells every believer (Galatians 5:22). As He begins to change us, conforming us to the image of Jesus Christ, others should be able to see us becoming more and more loving. If not, then they can rightfully question whether or not we have ever truly been saved.


If you have never accepted Jesus Christ as your Savior, the only way that you will ever be able to give true agape love, is if you surrender your life to Him in faith. For those of us who claim the name of Christ, it is imperative that we ask Him to help us to demonstrate more and more love in our lives, both for Him, and for those whom He has created. And if we ask for it, He will surely give us this petition, because it is what He desires of us in the first place.

Agape love is truly something that the world knows nothing about. However, at the same time, it is what it so desperately needs. May we thank God every day that He has demonstrated that selfless sacrifice to us on the Cross of Calvary so that we can have eternal life. And because of that thankfulness, let us go out and show God's love to those He puts in our path every day.


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    • GodTalk profile image

      Jeff Shirley 2 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      Thanks Mr. Anthonisz for stopping by and for the comments.

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      Milroy A. Anthonisz 2 years ago

      To fall in love with God is the greatest of all romances; To seek Him, the greatest of adventures; To find Him, the greatest human achievement.

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      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      Scripture teaches that "God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life" In I Timothy 4:10 it says clearly that God is the Savior of all men, especially of believers."

      This however doesn't mean that all men will be saved. That would go against many other Scriptures, including John 3:36 that states: "He that believes on the Son has everlasting life; and he that does not believe the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abides on him."

      What I Timothy 4:10 is saying is that God is the Savior of all men in that He offers salvation freely to all and saves all who come to Him. Obviously if you go to the end of Scripture, in the Book of Revelation, there will be people who don't accept the gift of eternal life. These people will face the Great White Throne Judgement. And since they rejected the grace offered to them, they are judged according to their works. Works can never save a person, according to Titus 3:5, so the outcome of this judgement is that they end up eternally separated from God in the Lake of Fire (Revelation 20:11-15).

      We have to remember that God is not only love, but He is holy as well. Holiness cannot allow sin to go unpunished. Sin is rebellion against God, and those who don't come to God through faith in Jesus Christ, continue in this rebellion. Those who choose to live in rebellion cannot live with a Holy God for eternity.

      God's holiness and His love came together in the person of Jesus Christ. He lived a perfect life, which is something we could never do. And He died as our substitute, thus satisfying God's holiness, since the wages of sin is death. Of course we just quoted John 3:16 which tells us why He did it. Not because we deserved it. He did it because of His great love for lost sinners. His agape love.

      To make a long answer even longer, Christ is the Savior of the world, but not all the world will accept this salvation gift of God. Some will choose to reject it. If you look at the Bible as a whole, it clearly does not teach universal reconciliation.

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      PAMITCHRUS 6 years ago

      Thank your for your reply..which leads back to the question .. do you believe him to be the Savior of all Men ?? Thank you for your consideration on this important question.Remembering always that God is Love..

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      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      You are welcome. It is always a pleasure to share about the love of God. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 6 years ago from The Caribbean

      Don't think I've heard of Storge before. Thanks for sharing with such a timely conclusion.

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      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      Thanks again Lifegate. It is always good to hear from you. May God bless you and your ministry.

    • lifegate profile image

      William Kovacic 6 years ago from Pleasant Gap, PA


      Another good hub, of course! But I really appreciated your testimony in your reply to PAMITCHRUS. Keep on keeping on, Brother!

    • GodTalk profile image

      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      If you mean have I come to know the one who gives us His love through Jesus Christ, yes I have, and am grateful that He is my Savior. Jesus' death,and resurrection has given me what I don't deserve. I am a Son of the living God and have an eternal home with Him in Heaven. Thanks for your comments.

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      PAMITCHRUS 6 years ago

      Finally some sense out there in hub land !!! Now can love be hate ?? That's the question... the all important question. Remembering always that it was and is to be God who comes to us, and not us who takes the initative. Salvation is of God !!!

      Come on Kingdom of God for the healing of the world !!!

      By the way brother have you considered the Savior of the World ??? That testimony which God has considering his Son ??

      That testimony which the Anti-Christ denies???

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      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      I am glad that the Lord was able to use my writing to help with your message. May your sermon glorify Him and lead others to a better understanding of His Word...God bless

    • Michael Adams1959 profile image

      Michael Adams1959 6 years ago from Wherever God leads us.

      I was just writing a sermon on transforming to the image of Christ and how we are to present ourselves a living sacrifice which is our reasoable duty. The rest of the message is showing that life with love to lost world. I am glad this came up to read as I was finishing my message it goes in hand with this hub thanks for writing.

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      Jeff Shirley 6 years ago from Kentwood, Michigan

      As we become more and more like Jesus Christ, we develop God's heart for the lost. And we love more as He loves. That love leads us to want to share with those who haven't yet come to know the Lord. This is certainly one of the greatest examples of agape that we can give to the world. Thanks for reading.

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      Brenda Durham 6 years ago

      I like this; explains the different kinds of love very well.

      I see the love that Christians have for sinners (loving their souls, even if their actions aren't loveable nor condonable, with the passionate desire to see them go to heaven) as the major human example of agape love. Do you?