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The Guru Granth Sahib - Holy Book of the Sikhs

Updated on February 7, 2013

The Eleventh and Last Guru of the Sikhs

The Guru Granth Sahib Ji is the holy book of Sikhism and is the eleventh Guru of the Sikhs. The Holy Granth Sahib is treated like a living Guru by the Sikhs and is respected, loved and cared for like the previous living Gurus before.

The Guru Granth Sahib was made the last and perpetual Guru of the Sikhs in 1708 by the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Before his demise, he instructed the Sikhs to treat the Granth Sahib as their next and eternal Guru. So all in all the Sikhism has 11 Gurus - 10 in human form and the Granth Sahib.

The Guru Granth Sahib is a 1430 page book that is considered by the Sikhs to be sacred source for wisdom and guidance - a spiritual guide for all mankind for all generations to come.

The holy book is a compilation of the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion (the Ten Gurus of Sikhism) and the words of various other Saints from other religions including Hinduism and Islam. This shows that the Sikh Gurus did not separate and divide religion but tried to provide true knowledge to all.

The Holy Guru Granth Sahib was written in the Gurmukhi script, a script that is considered to be a modern version of the ancient Sanskrit language which was developed and made popular by the second Sikh Guru - Guru Angad Dev Ji. The word Gurmukhi literally means "From the Guru's mouth".

The final copy of the Guru Granth Sahib was prepared by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It includes the teachings of all the Gurus and also saints of other religions. It is compiled in the form of hymns written in praise of God, which describe what God is like and the right way to live and why we should meditate in God's name.

Image Credit: The Holy Granth Sahib at

The Guru Granth Sahib

The Guru Granth Sahib
The Guru Granth Sahib

The Placement of the Guru Grant Sahib Ji

The Guru Granth Sahib is the centerpiece of the Gurudwara or Sikh temples. It is respectfully placed on a dominant platform of the main pray hall and is covered with beautiful colored fine cloth. The platform is topped of by a canopy that is also decorated in attractive colored materials.

Message of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji

The Guru Granth Sahib provides unique and unequaled guidance and advice to the whole of the human race. It is the torch that will lead humanity out of Kali Yug (era of evil) to a life in peace, tranquility and spiritual enlightenment for all the nations of the World. The main message can be summarized as:

1. All peoples of the world are equal

2. Women are equal

3. One God for all

4. Speak and live truthfully

5. Control the five vices

6. Live in God's hukam (Universal Laws)

7. Meditate on the name of God (Remember God)

8. Practice Humility, Kindness, Compassion, Love, etc


Translation of the Guru Granth Sahib

English translation of page 1 of 1430 pages.

I found this site that has provided a complete translation in English of the Holy Granth Sahib Ji. Here is the translation of the first page:

"One Universal Creator God. The Name Is Truth. Creative Being Personified. No Fear. No Hatred. Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Self-Existent.

By Guru`s Grace ~

Chant And Meditate:

True In The Primal Beginning. True Throughout The Ages.

True Here And Now. O Nanak, Forever And Ever True. ||1||

By thinking, He cannot be reduced to thought, even by thinking hundreds of thousands of times.

By remaining silent, inner silence is not obtained, even by remaining lovingly absorbed deep within.

The hunger of the hungry is not appeased, even by piling up loads of worldly goods.

Hundreds of thousands of clever tricks, but not even one of them will go along with you in the end.

So how can you become truthful? And how can the veil of illusion be torn away?

O Nanak, it is written that you shall obey the Hukam of His Command, and walk in the Way of His Will. ||1||

By His Command, bodies are created; His Command cannot be described.

By His Command, souls come into being; by His Command, glory and greatness are obtained.

By His Command, some are high and some are low; by His Written Command, pain and pleasure are obtained.

Some, by His Command, are blessed and forgiven; others, by His Command, wander aimlessly forever.

Everyone is subject to His Command; no one is beyond His Command.

O Nanak, one who understands His Command, does not speak in ego. ||2||

Some sing of His Power-who has that Power?

Some sing of His Gifts, and know His Sign and Insignia.

Some sing of His Glorious Virtues, Greatness and Beauty.

Some sing of knowledge obtained of Him, through difficult philosophical studies.

Some sing that He fashions the body, and then again reduces it to dust.

Some sing that He takes life away, and then again restores it.

Some sing that He seems so very far away."

Get the whole 1430 page translation of the Holy Guru Granth Sahib Ji here

Recommended Reading - available from

You can read and learn more about the Sikh Holy Book by getting a copy of one of these fantastic Books.

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    • Sartazpal Billing profile image

      llulby someone fdf vnksfkjvnslkjfbvbjsfv ahefbv as 3 years ago from anywhere

      great way to tell people about our religion and its rich heritage

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Guru Granth Sahib Ji sounds to have great wisdom and respect for all with his philosophy that you summarized so well....speak and live truthfully while practicing humility, kindness, compassion, love..... great wisdom!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Excellent highlight!

    • bushaex profile image

      Stephen Bush 5 years ago from Ohio

      SquidAngel Blessings.

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 5 years ago

      You have surely presented quite an interesting read on Sikhism and Guru Granth Sahib. "Some sing that 'He seems so very far away'."

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I don't know much about Sikhism except seeing them in their garb so I am happy to know a tiny bit now.

    • LisaDH profile image

      LisaDH 5 years ago

      I am visiting this page the day after the horrible shooting at the Wisconsin gurdwara. I hope people who don't know anything about the Sikh faith will find this page and gain a better understanding so no senseless violence like this will happen again.

    • writerkath profile image

      writerkath 5 years ago

      Very interesting! One of my all time favorite CDs is "Grace" by Snatum Kaur - She is Sikh - please, if you haven't heard this amazing gift of her voice in pure love, you're in for a treat. :) Angel Blessed!

    • srsddn lm profile image

      srsddn lm 5 years ago

      We respect Guru Granth Sahib as it contains Bani of all Gurus, it teaches love for every religion and is a repertoire of religious wisdom of Saints. It is a great lens.

    • profile image

      arshdeep-singh 5 years ago

      nice one

    • Paki Bazar profile image

      Paki Bazar 6 years ago

      nice topic i enjoyed it reading

      keep it up

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Thank you for the information.

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 7 years ago

      Very interesting and has given me some insight into the religion. Particularly impressed with "women are equal". Its time other religions took that on board.

    • MargoPArrowsmith profile image

      MargoPArrowsmith 7 years ago

      Thanks for the lovely lens

    • jackieb99 profile image

      jackieb99 7 years ago

      Cool lens, I'd like to read this book.

    • profile image

      RinchenChodron 7 years ago

      Great lens. Satnam remember your sacredness.

    • PNWtravels profile image

      Vicki Green 7 years ago from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA

      I really enjoyed your lens and learning more about Sikh religion.

    • Sensitive Fern profile image

      Sensitive Fern 7 years ago

      Fascinating! I particularly like the part where women are equal.

    • clouda9 lm profile image

      clouda9 lm 7 years ago

      I have always enjoyed reading your lenses about sikhism. Today (my 2nd day as an Angel :-) I'm pleased to *bless this lens* too! SWAH from me to you!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Very inspiring -

      I used to hear GURU-VANI on TV and liked it a lot.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      sikhism males ur life easy and simple. And u move towards truth.

    • profile image

      RinchenChodron 8 years ago

      Thank you for this great information. I practice both Buddhism and Sufism and have always wanted more information on the Sikhs. Blessed by an Angel (you can add it to the plexo on

      my angel lens,

      if you want).

    • desilegend profile image

      desilegend 8 years ago

      Great Squidoo Lens! Well done! Gave you 5 stars rating!

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 8 years ago from Southampton, UK

      I learned a lot from this lens, and it just shows that Sikhism is a good religion with the same values as most other religions. Very nice lens and very educational. 5*****

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      I am a non- sikh but a strong believer in sikh values.My parents kept my name from the Gurdwara, hence my deep respect in the Guru Granth Sahib increases every day.My publishing house called Himalayan Books has just published ----Guru Granth Sahib:The Eternal Guru by Dr Mohinder Singh.We took over 2 years to put this book together.It has 256 pages printed in 6 colours size:11x14" Price US $ 120. We are looking for distributors in the western world who can help in promoting the book