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Updated on June 21, 2019

To refute Judaism against Jesus Christ, we must understand what Judaism means. In order to help Christians understand Judaism and therefore witness to Jews more effectively, an examination of their doctrine of atonement is necessary. Before we examine how religious Jews deal with sin and guilt, a few things must be said about Judaism in general.

Judaism has very little to do with the Old Testament Scriptures. The sect of the Pharisees was the most popular religion among the Jews in Jesus’ day. Jesus Christ rejected the religion of the Pharisees and the Pharisees emphatically rejected Jesus and His teachings. The Pharisees followed two divisions of divine revelation. There was God’s written revelation, the Old Testament Scriptures and God’s oral revelation. The oral revelation was spoken to Moses on Mount Sinai and is preserved in the traditions of the rabbis.


Modern Judaism is not a religion of the Old Testament Scriptures but is the religion of the Talmud. The Talmud is a compilation of the oral teachings of the rabbis from about 200 years before Christ until the end of the second century, A.D. The total Talmud covers almost seven or maybe possibly eight centuries. Those who adhere to the Talmud claim that this oral tradition extends back to Moses.

The Orthodox Jews believe that the Talmud is inspired and authoritative. The Talmud repeatedly contradicts the Old Testament but it also contains internal contradictions.

Judaism is based on the often unethical speculations of various rabbis, apologists for Judaism use arguments based on various Scripture passages to refute Christian doctrine. They know that Evangelical Christians only accept the authority of Scripture for doctrine. The emergence of a number of Jews to Christianity caused some Jewish teachers to attempt to refute Jews against Christianity.


Judaism believes there are three main methods of expiating one's sin. First, there is the sacrificing of animals (OT). Second, doing good deeds or giving to charity and Third, there is repentance. If a person tells God that he is sorry with a sincere heart, then God will forgive him. The Jews teach the doctrine of repentance as the most important method of dealing with sin. Blood atonement is the least important of all.

A brief examination of the Jewish alternatives to blood atonement will show that the rabbis have totally abandoned the Scriptures and invented a religion of self-righteousness.


The blood of bulls and goats was incapable of taking away our sins (Hebrews. 10:4). Christ has taken away our sins by the sacrifice of Himself (Hebrews 9:24-28). Hebrews 9-10 interprets the cross of Jesus in terms of a sacrificial system.


  • For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take way sins.

HEBREWS 9:24-28

  • For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: ...
  • So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.


Jesus, who though He is sinless sacrificed His life for us is the new form of sacrifice instead of sacrificing animals to expiate our sins.

The Law and its sacrifices were a shadow of the good things to come (Hebrews 10:1). We now have boldness to enter into the Holy of Holies by the blood of Jesus (Hebrews 10:19). Jesus Christ entered the heavenly sanctuary with His own blood to make atonement for us. By dying on the cross,the veil was broken and Jesus sprinkled His own blood upon the mercy seat.

The death of Christ enables God to justify the ungodly who believes on Christ, The wages of sin is death and Christ freed us from death by His sacrifice.

Jesus was the substitute for all sinners, and He bore our guilt, suffered the penalty of the law and reconciled us to God. Christ is the one sacrifice that perfectly fulfills the Levitical system of redeeming sin. The blood of Christ cleanses the soul from all guilt.


Judaism believes in three methods of expiating sin and they are: First, sacrificing of animals (OT). Second, doing good deeds or giving to charity and Third, there is repentance.

Method 1: Sacrificing of Animals (OT)

Sacrificing of animals had stopped since the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in AD 70 and there was no temple to worship and no altar to slaughter the animals. The Old Testament ceased and the New Testament came into place. It was foretold by Jeremiah 31:31.

  • Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Jerusalem lay in ruins for nearly 2000 years. When Jesus was alive, He kept the law throughout His life. Jesus died on the cross sacrificing His sinless soul to redeem us to the Almighty God. A new era had begun.

The sacrifice of animals to expiate sins is a foreshadow of things to come. For four thousand years, the Hebrews followed the method of expiating sins by animal sacrifice, but when Jerusalem was completely destroyed by the Romans, the nation of Israel ceased to exist.

Judaism may believe in animal sacrifice in expiating sins, but where do they do this today? There is no altar for sacrifice!

In May 14, 1948 Israel was declared a nation again and Christianity slowly gained a stronghold. Hopefully, more and more Jews will turn to Jesus before His second return.


Does doing good deeds mitigate what evil they do against the rest of society? All other groups do acts of charity mostly for their own group, but Christianity is more open to giving to others. Muslims are known to incite them to kill lthose who are not followers of Islam. Orthodox Jews are also harsh to other Jews who are not of the same sect.

Christianity is the only religion which specifies that you must love your neighbours as yourself. You must not hate your enemies and do not retaliate against an enemy.

Good deeds or charity cannot expiate sins and only faith in Jesus can save one's soul. There are millions of people throughout the world who give to charity, but they will not go to heaven unless they believe in Jesus Christ, the son of God for Jesus is the way, the life and the truth.



Judaism believes that repentance with a sincere heart to God will expiate sins. God would see the sincerity in the heart and will forgive. Do not forget that in the Old Testament for 4000 yearts, the shedding of blood of the cattle without blemish and a year old animal will expiate sin for a whole year. The process will have to be repeated yearly. Do they still do animal sacrifices according to Moses in the Old Testament? There is no more Old Testament, but the New Testament. The past is history.

In the type of repentance that they believe, there is no shedding of blood and the sins are not removed from the sinner who is washed in the blood of Jesus Christ, whose precious blood cleanses him from sins during water baptism.

If Judaism believes in the Old Testament, they would have to follow and do animal sacrifice yearly. If the followers do not folow this custom, they are not following Moses either.

In Modern Judaism, there is no altar of sacrifice since the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD. Where do they sacrifice, those who follow Moses? Contrast the method of repenting with the blood shed by Jesus, Son of God, who willingly gave up His life on the cross. He suffered the fate of a sinful man by dying on the cross. He was wrongfully convicted by two false witnesses prodded by the High Priest and other officials in the synagogue. All lied in order to have Jesus convicted and killed. Christians are saved by the blood of Jesus Christ when they are baptized in the name of Jesus, having the faith in the blood of Jesus washing them during baptism,


Justified by His Blood - Romans 5:9

  • Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.

Redeemed through His Blood - Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14

  • In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.

Sprinkling of blood - Hebrews 12:24

  • And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

Blood of Jesus Christ Cleanseth us - 1 John 1:7

  • But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.


The blood of Jesus Christ in the New Covenant has remission of sins, sanctification, redemption, reconciliation, victory and justification in the sight of God. The sacrifice of animals in the Old Covenant was a foreshadow of things to come in the New Covenant. Jesus by sacrificing His sinless body on the cross brought all things to reconcile us mortals with the forgiving Lord God.

Remission of Sins
Mark 14:24; Hebrews 9:22; Isaiah 53; Hebrews 13:12

1 Cor. 1:2; Hebrews 2:10-11; 9:13-15

Ephesians 1:7; John 1:29; Colossians 1:14; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Revelation 5:9; Acts 20:28

Colossians 1:20-22; Romans 5:10

Rev. 12:1

Romans 5:9


The reason that Jesus strongly opposed the Pharisees was that their traditions contradicted the Old Testament and had been used by the rabbis to replace the teachings of Moses and the Prophets.

MATTHEW 15:3,6

  • But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
  • And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradiion.

JOHN 5:45-47

  • Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father; there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust.
  • For had you believed Moses, you would have believed me; for he wrote of me.
  • But if you believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words?


Another reason why Judaism is refuted is because the Jews follow tradition when it suits their purpose thus ignoring God's laws. They ignore God's laws turning a blind eye to the subject. Thus they make their own laws when it is beneficial to them, for example, the law of Corban..


The Jews used the tradition of men to avoid giving help to their needy parents by dedicating their resources to "Corban" for the temple thus bypassing Moses law of honouring parents.

This attitude and activity was not a part of Moses’ law, but a strictly human tradition that had evolved in the Hebrew culture over the years. When the Pharisees and scribes noted that the Savior’s disciples were not conforming to this rabbinic “tradition,” they felt they had something against Christ and His disciples.

The law of Moses required the Hebrew people to “honour” their parents. That term “honour” did not suggest mere “lip service”. It included the idea of caring for them in their various needs.

By invoking the law of "Corban", the Jews failed to observe the law of Moses in honouring their parents.


The Ten Commandments written by the finger of God still remain, but the oral laws and traditions of the rabbis were abolished.


  • Having abolished in his flesh the enmity even the law of commandments contained in ordinances (613 mitzvot).


  • Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to the cross.


  • For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.


  • A new covenant he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

Refuting Judaism against Jesus (1)

Do you know we refute Judaism because the Jews do not believe in the atoning blood of Jesus Christ?

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Do you know the Jews still believe in the 613 mitzvot (ordinances) of man's laws?

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© 2011 einron


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    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA


      Thank you for your exposition of the gospel of Acts. Because the Jews failed to expand the gospel of truth, it was given to the Gentiles and is now spreading throughout the whole creation.

      Without the gentiles, the truth would still be within the confines of the Jews in Israel. Praise and thank God for His mercy.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Dear einron:

      Where did Jesus lived, taught, died and resurrected? Rome? Greece? USA? Canada? And with all respect, please read the book of Acts in context again.

      The New Testament is a Jewish document from the First Century C.E., reflective of the lifestyle and theology of the Jewish community of the Second Temple period. Produced mainly by Jews interested in promoting a Jewish understanding of the messianic promises made by Israel's prophets, the New Testament texts constitute an inalienable part of the Second Temple Judaism and can only properly be understood in their original Jewish cultural and religious milieu. A closer look of its writings shows without a doubt that the New Testament is representative of the Jewish community of faith and understanding and possesses a Torah-worldview. Such an affirmation is hard for both Jews and Christians to accept, because the two communities have alienated from each other by centuries of animosity, hate, and persecution.

      The major issue of the book of Acts is the difficult transition from an ethnocentric religion to a universal faith. The first Gentile believers in Acts 10 and then their Apostolic stamp of approval in Acts 15 provide the high theological drama of the book. It is perhaps not so dramatic for us, 1900 years later, but at the time that Luke wrote the book, it is most likely that the majority of Jewish believers were not yet convinced that the Gentile inclusion was entirely a good idea. The Book of Acts endeavors to demonstrate that the Gentile inclusion is God ordained and Torah kosher.

      One of the ways this is accomplished is by reports of the ever-widening circles, which receive the manifest Holy Spirit. There are three primary outpourings reported by Luke in Acts. These correspond to the three types of peoples affected by the Gospel. For Luke and his readers, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, demonstrated with signs and wonders, is proof of each group's full participation in the New Covenant of Messiah.

      The Jews Acts 2, the Samaritans Acts 8, and the Gentiles Acts 10.

      The pouring out of the Holy Spirit upon the Jews, the Samaritans and the Gentiles should be understood as three broadening spheres which demonstrate the doors of the Kingdom opening wider and wider. Jesus declares these three broadening spheres in the first chapter of Acts.

      "But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all (1) Judea and (2) Samaria, and to the (3) ends of the earth." (Acts 1:8)

    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA


      In the Bible, there were mentioned about three thousands and five thousands baptized on two occasions. At present, I do not see any Christian Jews being mentioned. Some years ago, a group of Jews for Jesus was active in the streets of Toronto. Now there are no mention of them.

      I also read of many rabbis secretly acknowledged Jesus but not openly for fear of persecution by the Jews.

      In the end time, more will welcome the Lord Jesus.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      What Scriptures was Jesus teaching?

      Perhaps you need to pay special attention to the following verses:

      "Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Luke 24:44.

      Did all the Jews refused Jesus' teachings? A "handful" of them?

      I don't think so. I think the First Century Remnant of Jewish people was the largest one. Thousands of them accepted their Messiah.

      On the Jewish Festival of Pentecost [Shavuot] "... there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven." "So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls." "And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved." Acts 2:5, 41, 47.

      "But many of those who had heard the word believed, and the number of the men came to about five thousand." Acts 4:4

      42 "As they went out, the people begged that these things might be told them the next Sabbath. 43 And after the meeting of the synagogue broke up, many Jews and devout converts to Judaism followed Paul and Barnabas, who, as they spoke with them, urged them to continue in the grace of God." Acts 13:42,43.

      "But some believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees..." Acts 15:5

      "And when they heard it, they glorified God. And they said to him, “You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed. They are all zealous for the law..." Acts 21:20

      Paul living in observance of the law: "Thus all will know that there is nothing in what they have been told about you, but that you yourself also live in observance of the law." Acts 21:24.

    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

      Michael Adams 1959

      Life is in the blood and without blood, there is no life!

      Thanks for visiting! Peace and blessings!

    • Michael Adams1959 profile image

      Isaiah Michael 

      9 years ago from Wherever God leads us.

      The blood of Christ amen! Without the shedding of blood there is no remittance for sin, I am glad through this writing you wrote of the blood atonement of Christ. Great hub!

    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA


      Thanks for making it clear about the Oral Law.

      Would you be so kind as to explain to non Jewish readers what the terms Misnah, Torah, Talmud, Tanach and other important Jewish words mean to the non Jews. It would be most helpful.

      Blessings and peace!

    • quietnessandtrust profile image


      9 years ago

      The Oral Law is not mentioned even once in the entire Tanach (Hebrew Bible).

      When God told Moses to come up to Mount Sinai to receive the tablets He said: "Come up to me into the mountain, and be there: and I will give thee tablets of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written;" (Ex 24,12). No mention is made of an Oral Law.

      The Tanach reports that the written Torah was both lost and completely forgotten for over 50 years and only rediscovered by the Temple priests (2Ki 22,8; 2Chr 34,15). It is inconceivable that an Oral Law could have been remembered when even the written Law was forgotten.

      The words of the Mishnah and Talmud are clearly the words of men living in the 2nd-5th centuries CE and absent are the familiar Biblical formulae "And the Lord spoke unto Moses saying," and "Thus saith the Lord".

      The Rabbis claim that the "Oral Law" is the official interpretation of the Torah given on Mount Sinai. Yet if one actually looks at the Mishnah and Talmud they are full of the opinions of Rabbis who disagree with each other on almost every issue. The Rabbis explain that whenever there are such disagreements, "both opinions are the words of the living God". Karaites maintain that it is unreasonable to believe that God would contradict Himself.

    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA


      There was God’s written revelation, the Old Testament Scriptures and God’s oral revelation. The oral revelation was spoken to Moses on Mount Sinai and is preserved in the traditions of the rabbis.

      Agree that not all Pharisees are anti Christ, but the vast majority were. Very few are pro Christ, maybe, a handful. The chief priest and the others in the synagogue were definitely against Jesus.

      The written 10 Commandments remain unchanged as they were written by God's finger, and not eraseable. There were other prophets after the first five books of the Bible, but are outside the Torah.

      If the 613 mitzots included the 10 commandments, it means the 613 were made up of the written and oral commandments and blended into one complete whole.

      You have not made a single allusion to the Atoning Blood of Jesus. Maybe, you found no fault in this?

      May God help us to further understand the Bible truth.


    • quietnessandtrust profile image


      9 years ago

      A few comment:

      1: You said...

      "EPHESIANS 2:15

      Having abolished in his flesh the enmity even the law of commandments contained in ordinances (613 mitzvot)."

      Perhaps you do not know that the "10" are part of and counted with the "613"...most believers are unaware of this.

      2: Not all of the Pharisees were against Messiah.

      3: All of the 613 commandments were given to Moses by God and there are not 2 different Torahs, never has been, only one is from On High.

      4: One example is that in the Torah, you were not allowed to have sex with animals, your parents or someone else's spouse...none of these are abolished.

      5: Moses did not "have a law"....God has a law that was given to Him and he wrote it down.

      6: Messiah never called the Torah an "Old Testament"...He called them "the scriptures"...because for Him, they testified of Him alone.

    • einron profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA


      Welcome your remarks! There is definitely a difference between God's commandments and man's tradition. God will lift up the veil when the people truly seek Him.

      Peace and blessings!

    • Tamarajo profile image


      9 years ago

      Glad you distinguished between His commandments and the oral tradtions. I think they get confused sometimes in New Testament interpretation.

      Looking forward to the time He lifts the veil from their eyes and they see their promised messiah.


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