The Jewish Months of Summer: Sivan and Tamuz
The Giving of the Tora and the Destruction of the Temple
The months of Sivan and Tamuz begin with good news -- the giving of the Tora -- and end with bad news -- the beginning of the destruction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Sivan, which is represented by Twins (Gemini) usually coincides, for the most part, with June and Tamuz, which is the Crab (Cancer) usually coincides with July. Sivan begins with the holiday of Shavuot, the feast of weeks, which comes 7 weeks after Passover. Tamuz, on the other hand, is known for a fast day that comes in the middle of the month that leads into the saddest part of the Jewish calendar, the three weeks that lead up to the commemoration of the destruction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem twice.
Sivan -- the month of twins
Each Jewish month has a "mazal" -- which corresponds to the zodiac constellations. Sivan is the month of Teumim -- twins or Gemini.
The twins represent the two stone tablets that Moshe (Moses) brought done from Mount Sinai with the 10 "Commandments" (Eseret HaDibrot in Hebrew -- This literally means "the 10 sayings")
The reason I say the 10 sayings is that the first one isn't really a commandment, it's G-d introducing Him/Herself and telling us why we need to pay attention to the Tora. The word for "Commandments" is Mitzvot and, in the Tora there are 613 Mitzvot, not 10. There are 7 Mitzvot that were given to Gentiles, these are mostly laws pertaining to being a decent human being (like not killing or stealing and setting up a court system). The Mitzvot in the Tora are designed to give people the best life they can have by helping them live within the world as good people.
Tammuz -- the beginning of the "end"
The 17th of Tammuz is a fast day that begins the mourning period colloquially called the three weeks. It commemorates the day that the siege was put on Jerusalem three weeks before the Temple was destroyed. Like most fast days on the Jewish calendar, Shiva Asar B'Tammuz (The 17th of Tammuz) is a "minor fast", meaning a sunrise to sunset fast (a major fast is a 24+ hour fast from sundown to sundown).
The siege around Jerusalem lasted from Shiva Asar B'Tammuz until Tisha B'Av (the 9th of Av).
Tora Products from Amazon - Vote for your favorite
A Classic in its own time… The entire Chumash, newly reset, in one beautiful volume with a new, contemporary English translation of the Torah, faithful to Rashi and the classic Rabbinic commentators, and an anthologized commentary by a team of scholars, under the editorship of Rabbi Nosson Scherman. This commentary draws on the spectrum of biblical commentaries, from the Talmud, Midrash, and the classic Rabbinic commentators, and includes insights of contemporary greats. Also includes: Hebr...
All 24 books of the Torah, Prophets, and Writings are now at your fingertips in one magnificent volume, as interpreted by the classic sages of Talmudic and Rabbinic literature. This is a remarkable achievement. It enables everyone to obtain a basic knowledge of the entire Tanach from "In the beginning" to the return to Eretz Yisrael. For home, for office, for synagogue, for gifts this is an indispensable Book for the People of the Book. Edited by Rabbi Nosson Scherman in collaboration with an in...
Now available for the first time in an easy-to-carry pocket edition is the acclaimed JPS translation of the Torah. The 4"x6" paperback is highly portable, allowing readers the opportunity to bring the Torah with them wherever they go, and the typeface is still easily legible.
Widely acclaimed by Bible scholars and theologians of every denomination, Everett Fox's masterful translation re-creates the echoes, allusions, alliterations, and wordplays of the Hebrew original. Together with its extensive commentary and illuminating notes, this unique translation draws the reader closer to the authentic living voice of the Bible.
An easy-to-understand introduction to Judaism's most sacred text The foundation of Hebrew and Jewish religion, thought, law, and society is the Torah-the parchment scroll containing the text of the Five Books of Moses that is located in every synagogue. This accessible guide explains the Torah in clear language, even to those who were not raised in the Jewish religious tradition. Christians who want to know more about the Jewish roots of Christianity need to understand the Torah, as do follower...
Compugraph Designs' Printfection Store (Jewish Holidays)
In addition to our Cafe Press and Zazzle sites (see modules above), we also have a store on "Printfection" which includes cutting boards (good wedding or housewarming gifts), mugs and cups, tees, etc.
This cutting board is only one of several Jewish holiday themed items at our store:
(Click on the picture to go directly to this product's page)