THE ORIGIN OF JUSTICE, AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORAL, LAW, RIGHT, AND LOGIC.
The problem of the origin of justice is am old one. Some great thinkers hold justice to be natural while some philosophers said that it is conventional. Justice is derived from a Latin word "justitia" meaning uprightness, fairness. With this motion, justice is related to morality which is the standard of behavior based on the principle of right and wrong. Among the four cardinal virtues, the foundation of moral excellence, namely, prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance, justice is the most fundamental and the most respected virtue, the pillar of law and morality. It is the basic criterion of the uprightness of human actions. For this reason, justice has always been regarded as a moral principle of good behavior rooted in the will of man to render to everyone what is due to him.
Justice is a universal concept and very objective in his operation. Morality devoid of justice is barren and any society of man without justice is just an assembly of villains and liars. In Plato's view,justice should be correctly understood because it is the strong bond that holds a society together.
Justice is closely related to law. Law is a common concept based on the common nature of man. Law designates order, and the command to do something. Also in this line of thought is St. Thomas Aquinas who defined law as "an ordinance of reason for common good, promulgated by him who has care of the society " There are natural law- the only law giver is God, and the positive law - the law of the state.
Furthermore, law ensures the rights of individuals. Generally speaking, right is what one is entitled to. It is the opposite of wrong. In ethics, right is simply that which measures up with the rule of morality. Right also refers to what is just.
In order to maintain law and justice , logic should be our tool and truth our watchword. Logic is the science of the law of thought. It is concerned with logical relations between propositions. Logic distinguishes good reasoning from bad reasoning or good inference from bad ones. Similarly, truth which means truthfulness, fact and integrity, is established when what is conceived in the mind of an individual corresponds with experimental reality.