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10 Tips and Techniques on How to Swim

Updated on March 5, 2013

Swimming is defined as being the propulsion of a person through water by the movement of hands, arms, and legs. The combined movement of the arms, hands, and legs are to help you to stay afloat, move faster through water, and to propel forward either underwater or on the water. Likewise, the earliest records of swimming go back to the Stone Age due to the paintings that have been found. Other references that have been found besides paintings have been written records that date back from 2000 B.C. Some of these early written records that swimming has been used in are in the popular stories such as the Odyssey and Iliad. Now that a little history lesson has been given it is time to move on with how to swim and how to get others to swim.

Cast your vote for Swimming

Step 1. Fear of Water

Aquaphobia is the abnormal fear of water. Anyone's fear of water may stem from an accident in the bathtub/shower, trying to swim and feeling as if you are drowning, and prenotations from movies that deal with water that you will drown or something bad will happen to you if you are in the ocean such as a shark attack. I believe for someone to get over their fear of water, they first must learn that they should not fear water despite what may or may not have happened to them in the past. They should try walking around in three foot water so, they could get use to the water again and to learn not to be afraid of it. In the meantime, they should try to avoid movies that deal with water and sharks such as Jaws, THE TITANIC, Deep Blue Sea, Into the Blue, etc. Therefore, they won't regain the fear of water due to the movie that they have watched; referencing how this happened in the movie and relating that to their lives and figuring that it will automatically happen to them failing to realize that it is after all a movie. After a while of walking around in the three foot water and they are finally comfortable with that depth, then ask the person if they are ready for the four foot depth and so on and so forth until they are comfortable in the deepest part of the pool.

Step 2: Reassurance

Constantly remind the person that you are teaching that they should try to remain calm and relaxed at all times. Always try to give them positive feedback whenever possible, so they are able to not freak out and have a panick attack. If you feel or think the person is starting to panick, it may be best to be right beside them in the water reassuring them and coaching them into understanding that nothing bad will happen to them while they are in the water and that practice makes perfect. Show the person how to wade in the water and how to kick their arms and hands back and froth properly. After awhile, these movements shall become apart of their routine and they will no longer have to think about it, but instead just act upon it. After they have treaded in the water and have learned this, then actually teaching the person to swim will become a lot easier.

Step 3: Practice Movements

Show the person that your trying to teach how to move their arms and the correct way to move them. Therefore, while they are practicing they are learning the right movements that will help them to swim and to avoid drowning in a pool. Also, you can get into the water yourself to give a better demonstration on how to move your arms, if the person is a better visual learner instead of an audio learner. If the person is making any mistakes you can correct them and continue to show them how to do the movement properly until they are doing it right to your satisfaction.

Step 4: Kicking

The next step is a good as any and that it to help the person with their kicking. Have the person get into three feet water, if they are not comfortable with a bigger depth and help them to kick their legs. Tell them if they are kicking their legs the wrong way and correct them, so they feel more confident when they are actually trying to learn the full movement of swimming. This will help to build their confidence and really help them to feel as if they are going to be able to learn how to swim.

Step 5. Lifting

This step is where you try to get the person you are trying to teach to lift their feet off the ground. This may be a hard thing to do since the person may feel as if they are going to drown if they do this. Reassure them that they won't and stand next to them when they are going to try this. This will help them to trust you and to do as you ask.


Step 6: Practice Swimming

Have the person that you are teaching to practice the arm movements and kicking that you have previously taught them. Remind them to not fear the water and to try their hardest in swimming. Constantly, give them positive feedback and to tell them how they are doing a great job. Avoid negative feedback that may discourage them from wanting to continue swimming. Only give feedback on how they could correct a movement or the way they are kicking if it is necessary.

Step 7: Swimming Widths

As he person you are teaching, is starting to slowly and surely catch on the ways to swim, have them swim the widths of the pool. This may be a hard thing to get them to do especially if they aren't thoroughly comfortable with swimming yet. Therefore, you should wait until they are comfortable and bring up the suggestion to them. Tell them how they are a good swimmer and that they should feel as if they are good swimmer to. Encourage them on the fact that you know that they can swim the widths of the pool. Avoid pressure and coming down too hard on the person you are teaching.

Step 8: Strokes

Teach the person that you showing how to swim, the different ways that they can swim. Therefore, the person who is learning to swim can figure out the one way that they like the best. Avoid pressure and reassure the person that this is fun and yet beneficial. Try to get the person to try different styles of swimming suh as breaststroke and freestyle. After they have tried the different styles, ask them which one they like the best and tell them to practice that one when they swim, if they want to.

Step 9: Deep End

After the person you are teaching is done swimming in five feet water, try to get them to get the courage to swim in the deep end of the pool, which would be about 6ft and up side of the pool. Don't put any pressure on them to swim in the deep end. Encourage them that they can do it. If they do not want to swim in the deep part, have them grab onto the edges of the pool, in the deep end. Soon, with all of the positive feedback, they will finally have the confidence to swim in the deep end.

Step 10: Swimming Freely

By this step, the person that you are teaching to swim should be able to swim by themselves. No longer should you have to swim with them while they are in the pool or give them constant compliments of how well they are doing. They have the confidence and the security to swim widths, swim different styles such as freestyle and backstroke, and know that they are the ones that will keep themselves from drowning.

Tips To Remember....

Always strive to teach someone or yourself to uphold that confidence that you have the ability to swim. Remember that if babies can swim, then you can most likely learn to swim no matter your age. When you are practicing lifting and you feel as if you would drown, use floaties until you are comfortable to move around the pool without them. Other accessories you could use are a pair of googles, water float, or nose plugs. Always remember to practice your breathing and learn how long you can hold your breath underwater. This will help you to learn how long you can swim underwater without having to come up for air. Also, breathing helps with how fast or slow you move through the water. Remember that we are naturally buoyant and that the man reason why people do drown is because they panick and think that they are going to drown. Remain calm and always always always remember to avoid any movies such as the TITANIC.. I repeat do not watch the Titanic. I hope my hub has helped.

Do you know or have you ever tried swimming before ?

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    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 3 years ago

      @Express10 I agree 100 percent with you. Not everyone can jump in the water and learn to swim but some people are naturals. I feel that more people should learn to swim especially those that love near the water.

    • Express10 profile image

      H C Palting 3 years ago from East Coast

      Considering that the majority of people in the world live near water but a large number of those same people don't know how to swim, I'd certainly say this is a useful hub. I was adventurous and just jumped into our backyard pool one day without ever being taught and moved on to the ocean from there. I took to it like a duck but understand others would not and may need reassurance and practice as you discussed. Good job.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @mariexotoni thanks for liking my article and i think i just might apply for the apprentice program

    • mariexotoni profile image

      mariexotoni 4 years ago

      Really well written article- It's always been a dream of mine to join a swim team. I love swimming. On another note:

      I think you should apply for the Apprentice program here on HubPages (if you haven't already)! You'd do very well in it.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @American_Choices I'm glad that you liked my article and thanks for sharing that story with me. I think that it is sad and Im terribly sorry for your friend with losing his son. Thanks for stopping by.

    • American_Choices profile image

      American_Choices 4 years ago from USA

      Very well done. Those who drown do so because they panic. I have a close friend who lost his son to a drowning death. He was a great athletic, had just run 10 miles and then went for a swim near Green Bay. The foundation his family runs remembers his memory. Brian was his son's name and Brian's mantra was the "Journey is the Reward".

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @BakeLikeAPro thanks for liking my article about swimming and appreciating the advice that I have included inside of the hub.

    • Bake Like a Pro profile image

      Bake Like a Pro 4 years ago

      Great article Trorrilynn. I never learned the proper techniques for swimming. Great advice for those who are learning. Sharing and voted up.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @LaurinzoScott thanks for the compliment and Im glad you enjoy the variety of my hubs.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @kashmir56 thanks for liking my advice and for sharing this with others; this may help them to learn how to swim

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @carozy yeah I agree the fear of water scares people from swimming and thanks for voting up

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @aviannovice I completely agree with you and feel that the fear if water is one of the reasons why people are afraid to learn to swim

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @GailMeyers Im glad you enjoyed my hub and I agree that the movie Jaws may have prevented a lot of people from wanting to learn to swim

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @alwaysexploring your more than welcome and I think I would have been too frightened to go directly to the deep end without any practice you are one brave person

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 4 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I will never forget when i first learned to swim. i was at our city pool and i stayed in the shallow side with the little kids, ( I was about eleven years old ) Tho boys from my school told me they would take me across the deep side, one on each side holding me securely, i trusted them and said, " ok " Well they took me to the center of the pool and turned loose, it scared me to badly but i started to swim and made it across, from that day i started to swim. The boys told me they knew that was the only way i would ever go to the deep side, so they did me a favor. Ha. Your hub is full of great tips on swimming..Thank you..

    • Gail Meyers profile image

      Gail Meyers 4 years ago from Kansas City - United States

      Good swimming tips, torrilynn. I think the movie Jaws scared a generation at the time, whether they were strong swimmers or afraid of the water. You would be in the ocean swimming, enjoying a beautiful day at the beach. Then something would brush your leg or toes and you would suddenly be gripped by fear, convinced it was a (huge) shark. lol Voted up and useful.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 4 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      These are great tips for people that want to swim. Fearing water is a thing that can happen to anyone, and consequently, one can get over it, too.

    • carozy profile image

      carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco

      Excellent article and I like that you cover fear of water, because a lot of adults who can't swim have that. I taught my friend to float when we were teenagers, and I remember she was afraid to get her face wet at first. Voted up and useful. :)

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Great advice and tips within this well written article to get anyone swimming like a dolphin. Well done !

      Vote up and more !!! Sharing !

    • Laurinzo Scott profile image

      Live To Write 4 years ago from Phoenix, Az.

      You are a smart and gifted writer ...with an affinity for many different topics... Nice!!!

      Definitely Voted up!!!

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @billybuc oh darn I would love to hear that funny story but I am more than happy to wait until another day. (: and thanks for the feedback

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Good tips my friend. I have a funny story about when I learned how to swim but it will have to wait for another time. :)