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How to Perform Three Basic Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Chokes

Updated on March 14, 2015
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is martial art heavily practiced by grappling competitors, MMA fighters and self defense enthusiasts.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is martial art heavily practiced by grappling competitors, MMA fighters and self defense enthusiasts. | Source

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a style of submission grappling that employs leverage and technique to defeat opponents. Its modern incarnation was largely developed by the Gracie family of Brazil; they founded the Ultimate Fighting Championship, or UFC, to demonstrate the effectiveness of Jiu Jitsu against other styles of martial arts. The basic chokeholds used by Brazilian Jiu Jitsu practitioners can be very useful for other styles of grapplers as well, such as catch wrestlers or Sambo specialists. All submission grapplers should practice the rear naked choke, the guillotine choke and the triangle choke until performing them becomes second nature.

Individuals of varied ages, backgrounds and genders practice Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
Individuals of varied ages, backgrounds and genders practice Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. | Source

RNC

The rear naked choke, or RNC, is one of the most well-known and effective chokes in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Also known as the "mata leão," or "lion-killer," it is performed while you have control of your opponent's back. Your first priority should be to maintain your dominant position on your opponent's back. Keep your feet hooked inside your opponent's hips, but do not cross them; this common mistake can leave you caught in a painful ankle lock.

To set up the rear naked choke, slide your right hand under your opponent's chin and around his neck until his chin is in the crook of your elbow. Next, grasp your left bicep with your right hand; keep your thumb snug against your fingers. Now slide your left hand and forearm behind your opponent's head; if possible, hook your left hand over your own right shoulder or tricep.

Once you have locked in the rear naked choke, smoothly tighten your grip and pull your shoulders back in a rowing motion. At the same time, arch your entire body, pressing your hips forward and your legs back to stretch your opponent out and increase the pressure on his neck. If you set up the choke properly, it will cut off the blood flowing to his brain through the carotid arteries on either side of his neck, forcing him to tap out or be rendered unconscious.

Different grapplers rely on a number of different grip variations to finish the RNC, but they all use the same basic mechanics.
Different grapplers rely on a number of different grip variations to finish the RNC, but they all use the same basic mechanics. | Source

Guillotine

The guillotine is another very common Brazilian Jiu Jitsu chokehold; unlike the rear naked choke, it is performed from in front of your opponent. Although the specific scenarios in which you would use it can vary widely, one of the most common is as a counter to your opponent's takedown attempt. In that case, drop your hips back as your opponent shoots in on you, pressing your chest into the back of his head. At the same time, slide your right hand under your opponent's chin as if you were attempting to grab him in a headlock. Face the palm of your right hand away from your opponent, then secure the blade of your right hand with your left hand. The palm of your left hand should be against the back of your right hand, and the base of your right thumb should be just past your opponent's windpipe. To finish securing the grip, press your right shoulder forward against the back of your opponent's head, preventing his head from slipping out of the hold.

To actually apply the choke, roll to your back and lock your legs around your opponent, closing your guard. Position your legs as high on your opponent's torso as possible to increase the pressure on his neck. Pinch your knees together, pull down with your legs, arch your body backwards and pull your shoulders back to drive the edge of your right forearm into your opponent's throat. Unlike the rear naked choke, which cuts off blood flow to the brain, this version of the guillotine choke is a wind choke, also known as an air choke. It prevents your opponent from breathing, and is extremely painful. There are many variations and other versions of the guillotine choke as well, some of which work in somewhat different ways; however, this is one of the simplest.

The hips and legs generate the majority of the power in the guillotine choke, not the arms.
The hips and legs generate the majority of the power in the guillotine choke, not the arms. | Source

Triangle

You will be able to catch the triangle choke most often while fighting off your back with your opponent controlled in your guard. Your goal, if you wish to lock in a triangle choke, is to catch your opponent with one arm inside your guard -- between your legs -- and one arm outside your guard. Many grapplers accidentally put themselves in this position while attempting to pass the guard, a mistake that you may be able to exploit. When you notice your opponent's arms in the proper position for the triangle choke, you must move quickly to lock it in before he escapes.

If your opponent left his right arm inside your guard, extend your hips up as high as you can, extending your right leg straight up in the air. Next, chop your right leg down across the back of your opponent's neck and shoulder, breaking his posture. Throw your left leg over the top of your right ankle; your right foot should be locked behind your left knee. Pass your opponent's right arm across his neck; this should form a triangle shape between your opponent's arm and your two legs, giving the choke its name. To finish the choke, pinch your knees together, pull down on the back of your opponent's head and extend your hips. Like the rear naked choke, the triangle choke works by cutting off the blood flowing to your opponent's brain.

Make sure you angle off to the side as you lock in the triangle choke to make it as tight as possible.
Make sure you angle off to the side as you lock in the triangle choke to make it as tight as possible. | Source

References

Army Study Guide: "Rear Naked Choke"

LockFlow: "Rear Naked Choke"

Army Study Guide: "Front Guillotine Choke"

MMALinker: "Guillotine Choke"

Army Study Guide: "Triangle Choke"

Austin Jiu-Jitsu: "Triangle Choke"

What is your favorite BJJ choke?

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What tips do you have for grapplers trying to improve their skill sets?

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    • kbdressman profile image

      kbdressman 2 years ago from Harlem, New York

      Another great article! Thank you for correctly understanding what the RNC does. So many people think they are cutting off air not blood! It's an important distinction as people can go longer without air coming in or out of the body than they can without blood to the brain.

      I might emphasize the importance of getting the crook of the elbow over the windpipe in the RNC a little more. SO MANY students struggle with this choke because they try to do it with their forearm. Another thing that helps with the RNC is rolling the inside blade edge of your arm in and down into their windpipe as you tighten the choke down. And, you can use the hand on the back their head to push the head into the choke and limit wiggle room.

      You might want to mention that the version of the chokes you've described here are geared toward sport use. (It seems obvious to us, but may not to someone with less experience) As a mainly taekwondo practitioner with a few years of juijitsu training as well, I prefer doing the guillotine by stepping back and slightly to the side as my opponent rushes me so they are slightly off balance and farther extended than they planned, into a strong front stance and positioning his head under my right arm. I then reach farther around than you described to get the windpipe in my elbow and then I just have to lean back and settle into my stance a little bit to apply the choke. In the ring, the one you can do most effectively in that situation is the right one. On the street, you probably want to avoid going to the ground if you can. (If the choke is slower than I wanted on the street I'd probably just break his front weight bearing knee and call it good. Obviously not an option in the ring.) Like you mention in your article, there are lots of ways to do this choke. Just an idea for an expansion of that section. :)

      I realized while reading your piece on Triangle choke that it would be a good women's self defense technique! Obviously you wouldn't want to go to the ground if you can avoid it. But, for a woman who is on the ground on her back with a man coming down on top of her, using her legs against his upper body is a win-win combination. The last thing an attacker is going to expect is a woman pulling him down into the choke, and his momentum is going to be in her favor too!

      Hmm...I might write a hub on the self defense applications of some of these and other judo/juijitsu techniques. Mind if I link to your hub as the inspiration for the hub/good explanation on the basics of these moves if I do write it?

      PS I hope this doesn't sound cocky. I don't intend it that way at all! It's a very well written article. Feel free to ignore suggestions you don't like or disagree with!

    • CJMcAllister profile image
      Author

      CJMcAllister 2 years ago from USA

      Thank you for your input! I agree completely, modified versions of most of these moves will be preferable in many situations; for example, I recommend that many martial artists finish the guillotine standing, giving themselves the option to take that back off of it instead of surrendering top position if they miss it (as you point out, that is particularly important for self defense). However, I do believe that it is important to learn the most basic, fundamental version of each move first, to ensure that the martial artist knows how each variation differs and when each should variation should actually be used. Otherwise, you see people shotgunning submissions, hoping something sinks, with no real understanding of their proper timing, setup or application.

      Thanks again for your points -- have a great day! I look forward to reading your material.

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