ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Kings Canyon And Sequoia National Park Learn Its History

Updated on June 11, 2012

The Sierra Nevada mountain range nestled in between California and Nevada land, where the Basin and Range Province and the California Central Valley resides, respectively house national parks that's east of Fresno and Visalia, California. These parks are the Kings Valley National Park and Sequoia National Park. Both national parks sit near the San Joaquin Valley, where they house many foothills, deep canyons and caverns, mountains and the largest trees in the world.

Both Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks are home to a vast amount of animals--mammals like black bears, coyotes and rare species such as wolverines and bighorn sheep. At all elevations within the parks, there's a bevy of different reptiles and amphibians, as well as over 200 species of birds that can be spotted within the area. There's also over 1,200 varieties of plants found within the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, some of which include the various giant sequoia trees included with their rich history. Sequoia and Kings Canyon border each other, and subsequently share many landmarks and wildlife populating the area.




The Largest Trees In The World


The largest trees in the world make their home in the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Two of these trees are the General Grant Tree and the General Sherman Tree.

The General Sherman Tree is the tallest living single stem tree in the world, with a height reaching 275 feet. It measures 25 feet in diameter and has been living for over 2,500 years. The tree was named after William Tecumseh Sherman, an American Civil War general.

General Grant Tree is the second largest tree in the world--making it the largest sequoia tree found in the Kings Canyon National Park. The tree is over 1,500 years old, measuring 267 feet in height and 28 feet in diameter.


History of Kings Canyon National Park

Kings Canyon was first known by settlers as early as the mid 19th century. A prominent settler named of John Muir drew great attention to the park from the first time following this visit in the early 1870s. Muir, an American naturalist and explorer, discovered the innate similarity Kings Canyon and Yosemite Valley had with one another. This discovery reinforced his theory concluding that both valleys were fostered by large glaciers during the last Ice Age, debunking Josiah Whitney's theory that assumed valleys like Kings Valley were formed by the actions of enormous earthquakes.

Kings Canyon was finally established as a national park, alongside the General Grant Grove area and surrounding back country past Zumwalt Meadow, during the 1940s. The year 1965 brought the addition of Tehipite Valley to the park.




History of Sequoia National Park


Monachee Native Americans made their home in the Kaweah River drainage area within the region of Sequoia National Park. During the summer seasons, they traveled through the Sequoia National Park area, reaching areas as far as the Giant Forest. European settlers actively exploring the region bought the disease smallpox with them, eventually threatening the Monachee population.

Sequoia National Park was established by the National Park Service in the 1890s, becoming the second national park of the United States. The Giant Forest, home to five of the largest trees in the world, merged into Sequoia National Park during the year of its founding. Logging operations were found within the Sequoia National Park before the year of its establishment, which bought an end to all logging operations happening at the time.


Where Is Kings Canyon? What About Sequoia National Park?


Kings Canyon National Park is home to two sections--one which comprises the General Grant Grove section and the home of the King Canyon, located within the South Fork canyon area.

General Grant Grove of Kings Canyon National Park houses many groves of giant sequoia trees--including the General Grant Tree, the famous giant sequoia bearing the name of Ulysses S. Grant. Within the General Grant Grove area, the Redwood Mountain Grove houses the largest and natural remainder of giant sequoia trees in the world.

The famous canyons of Kings Canyon Nation park are located just east of General Grant Grove, past the forks in the Kings River and San Joaquin River. Kings River has a South and Middle Fork that forms its most famous glacial canyon, the King Canyon--one of the deepest canyons of the United States. The King Canyon also houses several caves, its most famous being the public Boyden Cave.

Sequoia National Park is divided into a front country and back country. The front country area, originating from Ash Mountain, leads to a number of woodlands, grasslands and foothills, comprising the only Californian foothills system protected by the National Park Service. The back country is home to unmarked wilderness; these areas are reached through traveling by foot or horseback. Some of the highest elevated spots of the park can be seen here--including Mount Whitney, assessable from the High Sierra Trail through the Giant Forest.


Comments

Submit a Comment

  • Snurre profile image

    Snurre 

    5 years ago

    This is definitely a place a want to visit if I ever make it to the USA! Thanks for your interesting hub. Voted up and interesting.

  • Peggy W profile image

    Peggy Woods 

    5 years ago from Houston, Texas

    I love those national parks! You did a great job explaining some of their history which is always interesting. Voted up, useful and interesting. Also adding a link from this hub to my latest regarding the 8 national parks in California. Will be a good addition! :)

  • profile image

    topaz blue 

    6 years ago

    Hello

    Wonderful hub and great pictures!

    Many thanks for a great read!

    Topaz Blue

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)