ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Sports and Recreation»
  • Individual Sports»
  • Martial Arts

Extension in Aikido

Updated on December 13, 2016

Morihei Ueshiba performing Ikkyo

Source

Vocab list

Before reading this article there are some terms to know in Japanese. These terms will be used within the article.

Ikkyo- first principle or the first technique learned in Aikido

Shiho Nage- A technique in Aikido involving throwing one's opponent over your shoulder

Uke- your opponent

Kosa dori- cross hand grab

Randori- Japanese word for freestyle

The Application of Extension in Aikido

Extension is used in every, if not most, techniques in Aikido from the most basic, Ikkyo, to the more difficult techniques like Shiho Nage. How many times have you tried to do a technique with a new Uke( your opponent) who doesn't know how to go along with techniques, for practicing purposes, and your technique gets stuck? The reason for this is because we forget to keep out lever arm extended. This can be seen in Ikkyo. If a Uke grabs your wrist from Kosa dori( cross hand grab) and is twice your size you need all the help you can get. pointing your energy through you finger tips allows your arm to go unbendable and move your opponents balance with ease. This same idea can be seen used in countless other techniques.

What is Extension?

Extension describes the outstretch, but relaxed, positions of your arms. This position prevents your arms from caving into your body and allows you to create a longer lever arm. A lever arm isn't necessarily an arm. It just refers to the amount of leverage you have(and need) to throw a person. Have you ever heard the quote " Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum to which to place it, and I can move the world" by Archimedes? The longer the lever arm the more power the Aikido technique has. This means the more effective it is on the street.

What is your favorite Martial art

See results
Source

How to practice using extension in Aikido

There are several ways to practice using extension to dramatically improve your Aikido, but I'll share with you two I think are the most effective

  1. The Unbendable arm principle.

This is just a principle but it helps one get the feel of using their extension. You extend your arm and place it on a partners shoulder. Your partner is going to try and bend your arm toward the floor at the pit of your elbow. First, you should try to resist it with your strength and see how successful you are. Now, while he is pulling down extend through your finger tips and see the the different. Do this before training to get a feel for extension.

2. Randori

Randori is basically Japanese for free style. This is when you get your partner to do what ever attack he or she wants to and you deal with them appropriately . To have maximum results from this training exercise focus on how extended your arms are instead of what technique you want to do. This allows you to train your subconscious to use extension, as well as give you an accurate feel of what a street fight would be like. To increase the difficulty you could also add more and more people. Below is a link to see videos of some Randori.

The Unbendable arm

Source

Conclusion

So we talked about what extension is and how to use it. Remember to remain mindful of your extension in practice so it can become instinctive on the streets. What aspect of Aikido do you think is the most important? Leave your answer in the comments.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is used to quickly and efficiently deliver files such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisements has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)