ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Archery Terminology

Updated on January 25, 2010
Photo by Aron Cody
Photo by Aron Cody

Archery is the use of the bow and arrow for hunting and warfare was widespread and dates from very early times. It gave man a means of striking game from a distance and was an important contribution to his survival.

Its use continues for this basic purpose in South America, Central Africa, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific islands, but in all continents the bow is now an instrument of sport and recreation.

The  most  simple  bow is  made  from  a  length  of wood, split from the trunk, or large bough, of a tree. This is called a self bow and achieved greatest fame as the old English longbow, introduced for military purposes by Edward I and used with the greatest effect for over 200 years.

The use of the longbow declined with the introduction of firearms and it was finally abandoned as a military weapon at the end of the 16th century. There was a great revival of archery in Britain in the mid-18th century for sport, health and exercise, resulting in a growing number of societies being formed. The longbow still has a strong following in spite of more efficient, modern designs being introduced; it was based on the composite bow that originated in Central Asia and was carried by invading waves of horse archers from 2500 BC onward, including the Huns, Parthians, Scythians, Mongols and Turks. This bow was made on a thin wooden core, which provided the frame and final shape; it was faced with horn to take compression, and was backed with shredded smew to take tension. It was more powerful and efficient than the simple wooden bow.

The modern composite is made with a thin, wide wooden core, sandwiched between two layers of glass-reinforced plastic.

Term
Meaning
Anchor point
The position on the face where the drawing hand rests while holding and aiming.
Armguard
A device worn on the inner side of the bow arm to protect the arm from the slap of the bowstring.
Bare Bow Shooting
Shooting with bows lacking any mark or sighting device.
Bow Hand or Arm
The hand or arm that holds the bow in shooting.
Bow Weight
The number of pounds of pull required to draw the string a specified distance.
Bowstring
A cord fastened between the nocks at the ends of a bow to force it into a bent and stressed condition. It draws the bow and drives the arrow forward on the release.
Bracing the Bow
Readying the bow for shooting by bending its limbs to attach the bowstring.
Butt
The backstop that holds the target face. It consists of straw, excelsior, or earth.
Cock Feather
The odd-colored vane that makes up part of the fetching.
Draw
To pull the bowstring to the anchor point on the face.
Field Arrow
An arrow with a spike-tipped point used in field archery. It usually is more rugged than a target-type arrow.
Finger Tab
A device to protect the three string-pulling fingers, slotted for the arrow nock.
Fletching
The vanes on an arrow, consisting of a cock feather and two hen feathers.
Flight Arrow
A thin, light arrow for distance shooting, with small plastic vanes and a small point.
Full Draw
The complete and consistent length a bowstring is pulled.
Hen Feathers
The two vanes of the fletching of the same color, to distinguish them from the cock feather.
Hunting Arrow
A blunt-tipped arrow for small game; also, an arrow with a broadhead for ducks, predators, and big game. Instinctive Shooting.—Shooting without use of point-of-aim, bowsight, or other mechanical means. It also is called bare bow shooting.
Longbow
A bow of 5 feet or more in length; also, the medieval English bow.
Nock
The groove in the end of an arrow into which the bowstring fits. Also, the notch at either end of the bow that holds the end loops of the bowstring.
Nocking Point
The place on the serving of the bowstring where the arrow is fitted.
Overbowed
The condition of using a bow too heavy, or strong, for the archer; the opposite of underbowed.
Pile
An arrowhead without cutting edges. It is usually cylindrical or conoidal and may be either pointed or blunt.
Quiver
A receptacle to hold arrows for shooting. Quivers are hung on the back, worn in the hip pocket, or fastened at the belt or on the bow. Ground or floor quivers rest on the ground.
Serving
The additional string around the center of a bowstring that protects it from wear by the fingers or the arrow nock.
String Hand
The hand that draws the bowstring.
Vane
One of the feathers on an arrow.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      ian 

      7 years ago

      this will help me in P.E. subject

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)