ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Chinese new year Lion Dance

Updated on February 7, 2016
Chinese New Year 2008 at Chinatown in Vancouver
Chinese New Year 2008 at Chinatown in Vancouver

Lion dance 舞獅

Chinese Southern Lion 南獅 originated from Guang Dong, China, the homeland of the Chinese southern style lion. Chinese Martial Art such as Choy Lee Fut style uses the Chinese Southern Lion 南獅 for the Lion dance. The basic fundamentals of lion dance came from the basic fundamentals of the Chinese martial arts. Normally, the senior students will perform the lion dance to represent their school because of their experience and strength.

The Chinese Southern Lion dance is very symbolic. It is occasionally performed as a ceremony to scare away evil spirits and/or to bring blessing and summon luck and fortune. The Lion dance costumes are traditionally blessed with the "awakening of the lion" act before dancing with them to consider them to be spiritually protective.

The Lion dance’s traditional custom is "cai ching" 採青, literally means "plucking the greens", a quest by the 'lion' to pluck the auspicious green normally 'vegetables' like lettuce which in Chinese called 'cái'(菜) that sound like 'cái' 财 (fortune). Sometimes, there will be small mandarin oranges 'gut' (桔) attached to the 'cái'(菜) to represent luck.

In Tradition, the drums, cymbals, gongs and firecrackers that were used in synchronized to the lion dance movements and actions originated from the villagers’ plan to intimidate the lion by hitting and throwing drums, plates, empty bowls, and firecrackers to cause loud banging noise to scare off the lion from attacking the village.

There are a wide variety of colours for Chinese Southern Lions. They have a distinctive head with large eyes like an eagle. The mirror on the forehead is used to scare away evil spirits and demons. And a single horn at center of the head like the horn of a unicorn.

There are three types of lions that are used during celebrations and ceremonies: the gold lion, representing liveliness; the red lion, representing courage; and the green lion, representing friendship.

The Emperor's Lion and 4 out of the 5 General's Lion. (Missing Ma Chiu Lion - the funneral Lion)
The Emperor's Lion and 4 out of the 5 General's Lion. (Missing Ma Chiu Lion - the funneral Lion)

There are six main Southern Lions. Liu Bei 劉備 was the Emperor. Guan Yu 關羽, Zhang Fei 張飛, Zhao Yun 趙雲(Zhao Zi Long 趙子龍), Huang Zhong 黄忠, and Ma Chao 馬超 were known as the “Five Tiger Generals of Shun” during the Three Kingdoms era.

Liu Bei’s Lion uses the yellow based head with white beard and fur for wisdom and a multi coloured tail representing the blessing of the five elements. This lion is known as the “Shui Shi” Auspicious Lion.

Guan Yu’s Lion uses red base head with long black beard and a red and black tail with white trims. This lion is known as the “Hsing Shi” Awakening Lion.

Zhang Fei’s Lion uses a black based head with short black beard and a smaller ear, and a black and white tail with white trims. This lion is known as the Fighting Lion.

Zhao Yun (Zhao Zi Long)’s Lion uses a green base head with black beard and a green tail with white fur. This lion is known as the Heroic Lion.

Huang Zhong’s Lion uses yellow based head and a yellow body with white fur. This lion is known as the Righteous Lion.

Ma Chao’s Lion uses a white coloured lion. This is known as the funeral lion.

Each Lion represent one of the colors of the five elements – yellow: earth, black: water, green: wood, red: fire, and white: metal.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Lion dance 

      5 years ago

      I lion dance

    • bubiinnovation profile imageAUTHOR

      bubiinnovation 

      5 years ago from Vancouver British Columbia

      Thank you! This is just a general description of Chinese Lion Dance. There are a lot more tradition and history behind it. I will try to update the hub with some more information later on :)

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 

      5 years ago from Taos, NM

      Quite an interesting hub! I knew nothing about this 'lion dance' until reading this hub. I also like the use of the Chinese characters within the hub also. The photos are lovely. This is a wonderful description of a historic dance from your country. Well done! Voted up and shared.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)