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How to Assemble a Mountain Bike

Updated on November 4, 2015

Where to begin...

In this hubpage you will find a description of every step required for assemble a mountain bike from scratch and every thing you will need during that process.

I remembered to make this page when I started to assemble my newest full suspension mountain bike and began to photograph every step of the process.

This guide will help those who are beginning to assemble a mountain bike for the first time but it will also help everyone who need to make some maintenance on their bicycle and never tried to dismantle it and put everything together again in the end. Almost everything on a mountain bike can be easily fixed or changed by any average biker and as you all must know - you will save lots of money doing it by yourself.

The best thing about being able to assemble your own mountain bike is the fact that you can choose every component and in the end you will get your unique dream bike!

Everything on this page and respective chapters is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

How to assemble your mountain bike

Chapter 1 - Assembling the Headset and Suspension Fork;

Chapter 2 - Assembling the Bottom Bracket and Crankset;

Chapter 3 - Assembling the Handlebar and all the Commands;

Chapter 4 - Assembling the Brakes, Front and Rear Gears;

Chapter 5 - Assembling the Seat post and Saddle (soon);

Chapter 6 - Assembling the Wheels and Tires (soon).


My polished bicycle frame - "Shining" Carver by MDE bikes

The frame

First thing you need to do is choosing your mountain bike frame and you should not forget this is the most important part of your bike. Almost every other parts are going to be replaced sooner or later after some usage but the frame will go on being the same as long as you have made the right choice when you bought it (frame materials, general quality, finishing, size of the frame, etc.).

My choice went to the beautiful Carver frame from the Italian brand MDEbikes. Their frames are handmade by request and you can choose anything from size of the frame to its finishing.

This time I decided to try the polished finishing and as you can see it makes the frame shine like a star but more important it makes the frame much more resistant than any kind of painting.

When you decide to "built" your own mountain bike with all your favorite components you must know it will cost you more than if you bought a complete bike from a bicycle shop. But this way you will have a unique bicycle and most of all your mountain bike will have all those components you like the most (at least if your wallet allows it).

Bicycle tools

Bicycle Tool Set
Bicycle Tool Set
Hex Key Wrenches
Hex Key Wrenches

Tools you will need to begin with

Before deciding which frame or which components to buy you should get some tools to be able to assemble your bicycle properly.

I will start by showing the essential ones and then I will describe other tools which can help you simplify some of your tasks.

The first thing to do is to buy one of those bicycle tools box which bring almost every essencial tools to work on your bike.

In my case I also bought a good set of hex key wrenches because they are needed for almost every part of the bike and the ones which came with the box were not very good.

More Bicycle Tool Kits

Park Tool PH-1 P-Handled Hex Wrench Set
Park Tool PH-1 P-Handled Hex Wrench Set
These thoughtfully designed P-handled hex wrenches fit the task at hand, as well as hey fit in your hand. The PH-1 set includes 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10mm sizes.

Other important bicycle tools

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Bicycle Repair Stand Folded Bicycle Repair Stand
Bicycle Repair Stand
Bicycle Repair Stand
Folded Bicycle Repair Stand
Folded Bicycle Repair Stand

More tools

There are much more bicycle tools that can be used during a mountain bike assembling and which can make the all process much easy.

One of the most important for me it is the foldable aluminum workstation where I can put the frame or the entire bicycle and be able to work on it without having to stay on strange and tiring positions while I am working.

Of course there are many other ways to hold your bike during assembling or maintenance of your bicycle but few give you the stability and safety as a good bicycle repair stand.

Kaibot @ YouTube building his new Giant NRS


I will show you more bicycle tools during all the assembling steps.

Some of them are very important to facilitate several operations as you will notice later along the process.

Finished Mountain Bike

My new full suspension mountain bike
My new full suspension mountain bike

How to assemble your mountain bike

Chapter 1 - Assembling the Headset and Suspension Fork;

Chapter 2 - Assembling the Bottom Bracket and Crankset;

Chapter 3 - Assembling the Handlebar and all the Commands;

Chapter 4 - Assembling the Brakes, Front and Rear Gears;

Chapter 5 - Assembling the Seat post and Saddle (soon);

Chapter 6 - Assembling the Wheels and Tires (soon).

I will be here to help you

If you need some advise or if you have any doubts, please feel free to ask me through the comment box bellow or using the fan mail link on my profile page.

I will try to guide you through the process the best I can and if by any chance I could not help I will forward your questions to a much more experienced bicycle mechanic.

Have fun!


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    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Nice one

    • profile image

      American Tech 

      9 years ago

      See why American Tech is your #1 Product Assembly Company here American Tech has been assembling products for Retail Stores & Individual Consumers nationwide since 2004. They assemble bicycles; assemble furniture; assemble fitness equipment; assemble sporting goods equipment and more. It doesn’t matter the make or brand—American Tech will assemble it for you! Visit American Tech at for more product assembly information.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      nice hub!

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      hi bro when u do the author 3 chapters?

    • spacebull profile image


      11 years ago from Space

      As I love biking myself, this topic is awesome for me. Thanks.

    • funride profile imageAUTHOR

      Ricardo Nunes 

      11 years ago from Portugal

      Hey Dane, are you sure you meant chapter 3? That one it´s already published... unfortunately work doesn´t left me much time to wright online lately. I´ll try to update this hubs soon ;)

    • profile image


      11 years ago

      pls do the 3 chapter

    • funride profile imageAUTHOR

      Ricardo Nunes 

      11 years ago from Portugal

      Thanks Mark. Hummm... I want to see some of those pictures LOL

      After starting to work on my bikes myself I never got to a bicycle shop again and I´ve saved lots of money since :)

    • Mark Knowles profile image

      Mark Knowles 

      11 years ago

      Excellent hub. I will be getting my frame stripped soon lol

    • moneyworks profile image


      11 years ago from California

      Great hub on mountain bike assembly!

    • funride profile imageAUTHOR

      Ricardo Nunes 

      12 years ago from Portugal

      That´s right my dear, I started really cautious but now I´m riding very often and already of roads. Weather it´s much much better now indeed. As you see I´m fine and very happy because I am working and able to ride my bikes once again. Big hug...

    • G-Ma Johnson profile image

      Merle Ann Johnson 

      12 years ago from NW in the land of the Free

      you riding again sweetie?..we have had our rains and are looking towards sunshine now...I hope...How is my Angel doing anyways??? G-Ma :O) Hugs & Peace

    • funride profile imageAUTHOR

      Ricardo Nunes 

      12 years ago from Portugal

      Oh Happy World, you`re too kind but I don`t see my self as an expert - perhaps someone who really loves bicycles and everything that relates with it. Here at Portugal we already got some good weather this year but I´m afraid the heavy rains are still to come...

      Have fun and enjoy your rides.

    • Happy World profile image

      Happy World 

      12 years ago from Slovenia, Europe

      Vau funride, you are really an expert!

      I can't wait to get warmer so that I can start riding my bike.

    • funride profile imageAUTHOR

      Ricardo Nunes 

      12 years ago from Portugal

      Hey Eovery, it`s great to have you here. Every time you feel like "talking" in Portuguese you can always contact me, I`ll be very glad to help you ;)

      I love Póvoa do Varzim (you`re wrong because you spelled it right lol) and I´m sure you showed them not to annoy you anymore. Some times people from bicycle shops think they are the only ones who can repair or substitute some part on a bicycle without ruin it. I have been repairing my own bikes and assembling my bicycles for several years now and I never had any problem (contrarily I had enough problems after having my bicycles repaired by them in the past).

      If you ever return to Portugal remember to tell me so we can meet and ride together ;)

    • eovery profile image


      12 years ago from MIddle of the Boondocks of Iowa

      Bom Dia, meu amigo Portuguese.

      Yeah, I get a chance to practice my portugues. Been over 25 years, I need a lot of practice.

      Good idea for a hub.

      I remember when I was in Povoa de Varzim (I know I spelled it wrong) I have a bike and the wheel bearing were out of it. Dona Maria from where I was staying pointed me a repair shop where I was able to buy the bearings. Then the guys started teasing me, as an dumb american I could not fix it. So I had to impress that having lived on a Big Fienza, I repaired big farming equipment as I grew up. They calmed down a little after that.

      Keep on hubbing. I am awaiting your next hubnuggets.


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