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Cosmetic Laser Eye & Skin Procedures

Updated on August 27, 2009

Laser surgery is a procedure that utilizes the energy from a beam of light known as a laser for surgery. The use of laser in cosmetic surgery has grown in importance due to the delicate nature of cosmetic surgery with an emphasis on non – invasive surgery. The laser prevents excessive bleeding and in some cases stops bleeding through skin compacting. The laser is used for both eye and skin procedures.

In eye surgery, a laser is used to permanently change the shape of the cornea, which is the clear covering over the colored iris, and the lens, which is just behind the pupil of the eye. This improves the cornea's ability to focus. By changing the shape of the cornea, Layer eye surgery can correct three kinds of vision defects. These are:

•    Myopia (near-sightedness)
•    Hyperopia (far –sightedness)
•    Astigmatism (blurred vision)

Laser surgery is also used for the following skin procedures:

•    Smooth out fine lines and wrinkles
•    Smooth out acne scars
•    Vaporize birthmarks and moles
•    Erase spots and facial hairs.
•    Erase spider veins, warts and tattoos

Laser skin procedures create a fresh surface over which new skin can grow. The result is new more youthful looking skin. They however are only applicable to light skinned people and do not work on dark skin.

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  • Dr Emily Altman profile image

    Dr Emily Altman 

    7 years ago from Livingston, NJ

    There are certain laser procedures that work well in all skin types from I to VI. One example is fractional erbium laser skin resurfacing.

    Fractional laser resurfacing vaporizes tiny cylindrical columns of tissue to tighten skin, improve lines and wrinkles, treat acne scars and stretch marks, and induce deposition of new collagen in the skin.

    There are some precautions that must be taken prior to doing fractional laser resurfacing in darker skin types. A lightening cream needs to be used for 2-4 weeks prior to the procedure to decrease the chance of hyperpigmentation.

    Another laser procedure that works well for all skin types is laser skin tightening. Because the surface is cooled during the procedure, and heat is delivered deep into the skin to cause tightening of existing collagen and deposition of new collagen, there is minimal chance of pigmentary changes on the surface.

    All laser procedures should be done by a dermatologist or plastic surgeon with training and experience in these procedures.

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