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Decoding the Acne Details & Finding the Effective Cure

Updated on September 15, 2015

Are you struggling with acne and it’s after effects? Well celebrate! You are not alone; there are millions across the world that have suffered from this most common skin concern. Acne is the worst kind of guest who shows up uninvited at a time when you least expect it to, overstays its welcome, and that’s not all, it leaves a mess (acne scar) after it's gone.

As the old saying goes “know your enemy before fight”, the same holds true for the biggest enemy, acne as well. Understanding the cause, type, etc. will help to find an effective and safe treatment.

What is Acne?

Acne also referred as pimples, zits, spots, etc is a skin condition which occurs when the hair follicles on skin become closed with oil and dead skin cells. Affecting about 90% of people at some time in their life, acne usually appears on face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. While acne is usually associated with adolescence and young adulthood, it can appear in the 20s, 30s and even 40s also.

Culprit behind the Acne:

Hormonal changes and activities are usually the main culprit behind the acne. Increase in hormones like androgen at the time of puberty triggers acne. Hormonal changes also occur during pregnancy or menopause also.

Beside hormones, there are few other factors too that can cause acne:

  • Genetics
  • Pollution
  • Stress, anxiety, etc
  • Health concern like PCOS, continuous fever, etc
  • Few drugs/medications also can cause acne
  • People who spend much time in kitchens also suffer from acne due to the over-exposure to vapours of cooking oil.
  • Cheap and low quality skin care products
  • Diet may not be cause but it can worsen acne.

Types of Acne:

Acne or pimple is graded taking into the appearance and the presence of pus in the predominant lesions.

Grade 1: Mainly comedones come in grade 1. These do not have pus but may be painful sometime. Comedones are categorized into blackheads and white heads. Blackheads are impacted pores in which the material pushes out through the follicles. Color black is from the bacteria, dead skin cells, and things that react with oxygen. Whiteheads are pores that are impacted with oil and the skin is covered by layers of skin.

Grade 2: Papules and few pustules come under Grade 2 categorization. These are the serious lesions that appear red and swollen. These skin infections usually are painful and feel hard. Papules and few pustules come with white or yellow pus.

Grade 3: Pustules and nodules have their root deep in skin. They are large, solid lesions and are extremely painful. They are filled with yellow pus mostly.

Grade 4: Cysts are categorized as Grade 4. These acne or pimple are deep and are filled with yellow pus. Cysts demand immediate attention and care.

Acne of any grade needs immediate attention and should be given too, or else they may leave behind scars, which are tougher to treat.


Acne is associated with greater psychological burden, social & emotional impairments then influence to physical appearance. The procedure of acne treatment in renowned skin clinics like Oliva starts with initial consultation where the cosmetic dermatologist analyses your skin and assesses the underlying triggering factors behind the pimple or acne.

Depending on the extent of the concern, one may require topical and oral medications along with systematic or physical treatment modalities like skin peels, comedone extraction, skin polishing, etc.

Skin clinics like Oliva have a wide range of acne control peels that can address the concern of Grade 1, 2, & 3 pimples. Grade 4 pimples usually require comedone extraction prior to peels and medications.

Skin Peels

Skin peels are plant extracts that are used for deep exfoliation that unclog the skin of dirt & dead cells that can create pimples and make the skin dull and lifeless. Peels significantly reduce the concern of skin oiliness thereby improving the skin texture too. Besides, acne, skin peels also work effectively on aging skin, sun damage, and hyper pigmentation.

Skin peels are a revolutionary way to treat acne. Also known as lunch hour procedure, this simple procedure can lead to excellent cosmetic improvement when performed in regulated intervals as advised by the consulting cosmetic dermatologist. They work deep within skin to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, encouraging the skin renewal.

The best part of skin peels is that it can be done for both men and women, any skin type, & also age doesn’t matter.

Skin Polishing

This clinical procedure is a deep exfoliation treatment mostly done for blackheads and whiteheads. The skin polishing treatment gives a soft, supple, and glowing complexion. Besides removing the blackheads and whiteheads, the procedure of skin polishing also promotes the growth of new skin cells leaving a youthful look. Fine wrinkles and tanned skin can also be banished with skin polishing.

Don’t let acne make you change your daily routine. Visiting a renowned skin clinic is the first step. Since every acne is different and every skin is unique; an initial consultation with the cosmetic dermatologist is required to chart out your treatment procedure which is usually a combination of topical creams, gels, oral medications and a variety of peels; these can treat acne of all stages, including blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, nodules, pustules, papules, etc.

Every skin deserves to be clear. Start the battle against acne


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      3 years ago

      Very detailed information about pimples. Thanks


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