ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How To Plot a Diamond

Updated on February 12, 2013

The Difference Between Plotting And Grading

Grading a diamond entails locating, identifying, measuring and classifying all inclusions and blemishes, color, and carat weight as well as analyzing all the angles and symmetry of the cut. This requires a level of skill and knowledge only acquired through years of dedicated training or through years of hands on experience.

Plotting a diamond is much easier and almost anybody can do it. Plotting the diamond only requires that we view the diamond under magnification, and draw a diagram of the size, shape, and location of all inclusions and blemishes detected, so that in the future that picture can be used to match it with the same diamond. We don’t need to know what the inclusions or blemishes are or mean, or how they affects the value of the diamond, we just have to be able to render them on paper so that at a later date, by comparing the diamond under magnification to the plotted inclusions, anyone will be able to tell if the diamond being returned is the same diamond that was plotted.

When a diamond is being plotted what we’re simply doing is a visual survey of the diamond. To do it effectively it’s always a good idea to start at the same place, to always study one facet at a time, and to always finish plotting the inclusions and blemishes of one type of facet first before moving to the next type of facet.

Why Plot a Diamond. Diamond plotting is used to ensure that the diamond you are handing over to a jeweler for repairs is the same diamond you are given back when the repairs are done. Every diamond has natural inclusions or blemishes, but no two diamonds have them in the same location or size. Inclusions are like a fingerprint to a diamond. Even diamond classified as Flawless will have inclusions, they’re just not seen under 10x magnification, (10x magnifications is standard when grading diamonds) but if the Flawless diamond is inspected under higher power magnification inclusion or blemishes will be detected.

Less than 1% of diamonds are classified as Flawless so the majority of diamonds can be plotted with a 10x magnification although using a higher magnification will make it easy to locate and identify inclusions.

Let’s get the basics out of the way so we can start plotting diamonds.

What is a Blemish. A blemish is any imperfection found on the surface of the diamond.Blemishes can consist of scratches, burring, un-aligned facets, chips on the girdle, naturals, pits or cavities. Anything on the surface of the diamond which impedes the light from entering the diamond cleanly can be considered a blemish. Blemishes are plotted in green ink.

What is an inclusion. An inclusion is any imperfection found in the interior of the diamond. Inclusions may consist of carbon not crystallized into a diamond, it could be other minerals caught in the diamond as it was created, or it could be a fissure where the edges of the diamond failed to mate. Anything in the inside of the diamond which obstructs the light from bouncing cleanly inside the diamond can be considered an inclusion. Inclusions are plotted in red ink.

You’re going to need a couple of items.

  • A Diamond
  • A 10x loupe (a higher power loupe would make it easier to plot)
  • A diagram of a diamond (can be hand drawn or printed)
  • A pencil
  • A red pen
  • A green pen

Plot the Diamond one Facet at a time:

The Table

The table is the largest facet on the diamond, it sits on the center of the diamond. (See side diagram) Start plotting the inclusions or blemishes on the table by inspecting the center of the table using the loupe or microscope, then move in a counter clockwise direction to the outer lines of the table.

Use a pencil on the plot sheet first (the diagram of the diamond), to get the right shape and size of any inclusion that you see on the table. Draw lightly and don’t be afraid to erase and draw again. The important task is to get the shape and the location of the inclusion you detect as close to the original as possible. If it’s a curvy inclusion then you draw a curvy inclusion on the plot sheet. If it’s a dot shape inclusion you draw a dot shape inclusion. When you’re plotting the diamond you are trying to draw a map of where the inclusions and blemishes are and what they look like. Use the facets as grids and draw the inclusion exactly where you see it, in relation to other facets.

When you’re satisfied that all the inclusions (remember that inclusions are internal and blemishes are external) have been properly represented on the plot sheet, use a red ink pen to trace over the pencil markings to make the plotting permanent.

Once all the internal characteristics have been plotted we move onto blemishes. Start again on the center of the table and proceed as before but this time you only concentrate on the shape and location of blemishes on the table. Blemishes are on the surface of the facets and once plotted properly, and you are satisfied with the results use a green ink pen to trace over the pencil marking to make the plotting permanent.

Star Facets

The star facet is the small triangle shape facet closest to the table (see side diagram). Start by inspecting one star facet, use the pencil to draw on the plot sheet any inclusion you can detect and move on to the following star facet. Once all the inclusions on the star facets have been plotted to your satisfaction use the red pen to trace over the pencil drawings and make the plotting permanent. Follow the same procedure with plotting the blemishes of the star facets and transferring them to the plot sheet with green ink.

The Bezel Facets

The bezel facets are the large facets that look like kites. Start with the bezel facet that adjacent to the position of the first star facet plotted. If you always start in the same area it will ensure all of the facets are covered. Inspect the bezel facets, use the pencil on the plot sheet to draw any inclusion you can detect and move on to the following bezel facet. Once all the inclusions on each bezel facets have been plotted to your satisfaction use the red pen to trace over the pencil drawings and make the plotting permanent. Follow the same procedure with plotting the blemishes of the star facets and transferring them to the plot sheet with green ink.

Use the same method for plotting the Upper Girdle Facets, The Girdle, The Lower Girdle Facet, and The Pavilion Main Facets. Remember to plot the inclusions in pencil first, then trace the pencil lines with red ink to make them permanent, then proceed to plot the blemishes with pencil then transfer them to green ink.

Following the system of inspecting one category of facets at a time, first for inclusions then for blemishes will ensure the diamond is properly plotted and will eliminate any confusion when the comparison between the diamond and the plot sheet will take place.

A diamond with numerous inclusions can be easily plotted but a high end diamond with few or minute inclusions can be more challenging and following the plotting system described will ensure inclusions or blemishes will be located and correctly plotted.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Marcos 

      3 years ago

      Aloha Joe,You Bring Me Sunshine between bouts of heavy rain. I live down a dirt road about 5 blkcos from the ocean on the Big Island. Your lemon muffin recipe calls for juice of 1 lemon . Some of my Meyer Lemons are the size of your fist and some of my Navel Oranges are the size of grapefruits. I have 3 questions: 1. How much lemon juice should I use?2. Must I use muffin/cupcake papers?3. Can you tweek the recipe for pineapples?I want to make them for my ukulele kanikapila group.Mahalo to the max!!!

    • profile image

      Mccade 

      3 years ago

      This is just the perfcet answer for all of us

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)