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Sapphires in every color, history and buying guide for Sapphires

Updated on February 16, 2014

Comprehensive Guide to Sapphire gems

When most people hear the word Sapphire they think Blue, but Sapphires come in every color of the Rainbow except red.  Red Sapphires are Rubies.
Sapphires can come in pure white, looking very much like a Diamond to almost black which is called Midnight Blue Sapphire. In the past few years Pink Sapphires have become very popular. Now Canary Yellow and Orange are the new HOT colors. 

 

 

 

Orange Sapphire


Amazingly these colored Sapphires are often much less expensive than the common blue variety. 
A savy buyer can purchase a White or Canary Yellow Sapphire for a fraction of the cost of a Diamond.  Buy White or Yellow Sapphires

 

Padparadscha Sapphires are a fancy colored orange-pink or pinkish-orange.  These are very rare and are not often found in large sizes. Padparadscha Sapphires are costly and often reproduced by man in the lab.  When shopping for a Padparadscha Sapphire make sure you know if it is a natural, mined from the earth, gem you are buying or one created by man.

Padparadscha Sapphires

 

When buying a Blue Sapphire look at the color. The most valuable sapphires are deep, pure blue, which does not change color when moved into different light. Stones that are too dark or too light are of less value than a royal blue stone. Buy Blue Sapphires

 

 

Blue Sapphire

When you hear the word Sapphire most People think Blue!

But even "blue" Sapphires come in a wide range of shades from light baby blue to nearly black.

Pink Sapphire

Pink Sapphires come in shades from very light ice pink to vibrant Raspberry.  Pink Sapphires are extremely popular right now.

 

 

Canary yellow Sapphire

Yellow Sapphires can be nearly white with just a hint of yellow, to deep yellow or almost orange.

 

 

 

Green Sapphire

Green Sapphire can be very light like a mint green to very dark jungle green or even emerald green.

 

 

White Sapphires

What the look of Diamonds but don’t want the cost? These look very much like fine D color Diamonds but they are far less expensive!   3mm white Sapphires cost $5.00 to $10.00 each.  3mm White Diamonds could cost $50.00 to $300.00 each.

 

 

 

 

 

Color Change Sapphires

Sapphire can also change color, very much like an Alexandrite.  Color change Sapphires are far less expensive then color change Alexandrites.

The color change with Sapphires can be more pronounced then that of Alexandrite and has a greater range of colors.

Common color changes in Sapphires are.

Purple to pink.

Green to yellow

Purple/red to teal green

Blue to Purple

Blue to green

Color change sapphires are always heat treated to produce, intensify or lighten color and/or improve color uniformity and appearance.

 

 

 

 

 

Midnight Blue Sapphire

 

Some unscrupulous seller will tell you the darker the blue the better the Sapphire.  This is simply not the case.

Midnight Blue Sapphires are nark navy blue to almost black in color.  They are nice but not nearly as valuable as a Royal Blue Sapphire.

Sapphires are found in India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Brazil and Africa.  The best Sapphires come from Ceylon.

 

Sapphire is the Birthstone for September.

Some people believe that wearing Sapphires brings clarity of mind and disintegrates disharmony.
Sapphire is believed to offer healing properties for rheumatism, colic, and mental illness.

 

VARIETY INFORMATION:  

 

VARIETY OF: Corundum , Al2O3 .

 

USES: Gemstone.

 

BIRTHSTONE FOR: September

 

COLOR: various colors, except for red.

 

INDEX OF REFRACTION: 1.76 - 1.78

 

BIREFRINGENCE: 0.009

 

HARDNESS: 9

 

CLEAVAGE: none, although there is a rhombic parting

 

CRYSTAL SYSTEM: trigonal

 

PLEOCHROIC: strongly

Like the Sapphires on this page? - Would you like to own one of these gems?

Here is your chance!

Great references books to guide you in your own exploration in the world of gems

Rubies & Sapphires, Fourth Edition
Rubies & Sapphires, Fourth Edition

This is the latest edition of Rubies & Sapphires, part of the Fred Ward Gem Series, America's most popular gem book series. The history and lore of both gems are covered with great examples and gorgeous color photographs. You will learn how to appreciate fine gems and how to buy and care for personal jewelry. This is a comprehensive coverage of two of the best-known and loved gems in the world.

 
Start Sapphire
Start Sapphire

Star Sapphires

What is a Star Sapphire

A Star Sapphire is a Sapphire gem that displays a distinct stay pattern across the top of the gem.

This a star-like phenomenon known as asterism.

Star Sapphires

Star sapphires contain intersecting needle-like inclusions (Useually the mineral Rutile) that cause the appearance of a star-shaped pattern when viewed with a single overhead light source.

A Star Sapphire displays a 6 ray star not to be confused with Star Diopside which has 4 rays.

Star Diopside

The Value of a Star Sapphire is a combination of its Carat weight, color and the intensity of the star effect.

effect.

Most Sapphires on the market today have been heat treated to improve their appearance. Heat treating a gem reduces noticeable inclusions and enhances the color of the gem.

Diffusion is also used to treat some Sapphires.

Diffusion is when a gem is heated in the presence of another material to dramatically improve color.

While heat treating is easy to detect under a microscope, diffusion is very difficult to detect.

Star Sapphires can come in all the same colors as Faceted Sapphires.

Black/brown Star Sapphire are common and easily affordable.

Blue Star Sapphires are the most popular and can get very pricey for a deep blue with a good star.

Blue Star sapphire

Blue giant of the orient-466 carats

The Bismark Sapphire Necklace, from Sri Lankan

©Smithsonian Institute,photo by Chip Clark

This is the largest faceted blue Sapphire in the world-466 carats.

422.99-carat Logan Sapphire Brooch

From Sri Lankan

©Smithsonian Institute

The finest sapphire gems came from Sri Lanka and Burma.

It is the heaviest mounted gem in the National Gem Collection.

Donated to the Smithsonian Insitute from Mrs. John A. Logan in 1960.

Star of India

From Sri Lankan

© New York Museum of Natural History

At 536 carats it is the largest and most famous Star Sapphire Cabochon in the World.

This gem is about the size of a major league Baseball that has been cut in half.

The Gordon Sapphire Necklace

The pendant set with an emerald-cut Sapphire weighing approximately 50.00 carats

Estimated Value: $50,000 to $70,000."

This piece and the ring below belonged to Aron Gordon, the founder of Gordon Jewelers.

The Gordon Star Sapphire Ring

Oval-shaped Star Sapphire Cabochon weighing approximately 52.00 carats mounted in platinum.

Estimated Value: $70,000 to $90,000

The Maria Alexandrovna Sapphire Brooch

A Sapphire weighing 260.37

Purchased by Russian Emperor Alexander II and presented to his wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna.

The Reward of Faith Sapphire

This is a 'sherry-colored' Sapphire. Color is Natural and un-enhanced.

This stone was found in 1975 at the Reward gem field near Rubyvale in Queensland, Australia. In 1983 it was cut into the 52.36-carat round you see here, measuring 22.35 mm across and 13.49 mm deep.

Pity, but this gem has yet to be named.

It was featured at Sotheby's Auction House in April of 2002.

Accroding to Sotheby's:

This "Star sapphire and diamond pendant-brooch, circa 1955. The large oval-shaped star sapphire cabochon weighing approximately 145.00 carats, within a frame set with 23 marquise-shaped, 1 round and 1 kite-shaped diamond weighing a total of approximately 23.00 carats, mounted in platinum, with pendant hook."

The piece has an estimates value of $30,000 to $40,000.

Oval cut Blue Sapphire set in platinum with Diamonds.

Donated by Rumor has it

Gorgeous Marquise Sapphire set in platinum surrounded by green Tsavorites with Diamond accents on the band.

Donated by Jewel_adora

Diamond and Sapphire Bracelet from the Amiera Collection

Diamond and Sapphire earrings from the Amiera Collection. Each Sapphire weighs 6 carats!

Nice Blue Sapphire Cabochon ring.

Donated by adove2000

Sapphire tapered baguettes set in 14K gold with round cut Diamonds

Donated by nmiller4

Large Midnight Blue Sapphire pear, surrounded by diamonds set in 14K gold

Donated by blazebird

Diamond and Sapphire bangle bracelet in 14k gold.

Diamond and Sapphire earrings in 14k  yellow gold
Diamond and Sapphire earrings in 14k yellow gold

Elegant Pearl necklace with a Star Sapphire centerpiece

Donated by blazebird

Diamond and Sapphire wedding set from the Amiera Collection

Lovely Green Sapphire set in Gold with Diamond Accents

Donated by rozzii303

Gorgeous multi color Sapphire and Diamond ring.

Featuring a 1 carat canary Yellow Sapphire.

Synthetic Padparadscha Sapphire is set in 14K

If this were real it would be worth many thousands of dollars or be in a museum. Natural Padparadscha Sapphire this size pretty much don't exist.

Donated by Rumor has it

Diamond and Sapphire Bracelet

Stunning Green Sapphire Cross

Ceylon Blue Sapphire ring

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    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      You forgot to mention the El Diablo Bar in Montana. Some of the highest quality saphires on the planet come from two areas in MT. Rock Creek drainage and the El Diablo Bar outside Helena, MT. Every color known can be found in both deposits.

    • paleo-cavewoman profile image

      paleo-cavewoman 4 years ago

      Oh my gosh! So many beautiful gems and jewelry! I love the star sapphires, but the color-changing looked interesting too. Nice lens!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      I am doing research and your sight was helpful. I have had 3 diff opiniions of a rather large gemstone L 14mm W11.9mm. Been told it was an alexandrite which it changes colors. Been told it was a tourmaline...now a corundum sapphire color changing. No amts have been giving. I'm so confused. Any suggestions?

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      very beauty collection and information

    • profile image

      Elenaind 5 years ago

      Very beautiful and interesting lens!

    • montanatravel52 profile image

      montanatravel52 5 years ago

      Beautiful display of sapphire jewelry, almost makes me drool! And great information. I wrote a lens on the Montana Yogo Sapphire, which I think would make a great additional sapphire to add to your list here. Thaks for a nice lens!

    • sarahrk lm profile image

      sarahrk lm 5 years ago

      Love blue star saphhires. You have great pictures here.

    • sanjeevkumaaar profile image

      sanjeevkumaaar 5 years ago

      Hey! Thanks for great information regarding all types of sapphire including blue sapphire, yellow sapphire and many more.

      -----------------------------

      Regards!

      Sanjeev Kumaaar

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      nice information on Sapphires

      thanks for sharing this information with us.

      jewellery designing

    • dahlia369 profile image

      dahlia369 5 years ago

      Nicely done lens & great resource. ***Angel blessed*** :)

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Exquisite collection of Sapphire gems and jewels. Beautifully done!

    • profile image

      gemwow 6 years ago

      Very interesting and great products. By the way, where do you source all these? We specialize in Burmese ruby, jade and other gems too and would be nice if we could connect. Regards

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Very informative information. I'm glad I found this lens. Handmade Silver Jewelry

    • profile image

      hamshi5433 6 years ago

      this lens is making me want to get one for myself..very nice lens..

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Very interesting and informative lens!I like the idea of the synthetic gems,very unique.Thank you for sharing this knowledge!

    • profile image

      NYThroughTheLens 6 years ago

      Gorgeous. I learned a thing or two! I actually had no idea that sapphires could be anything other than blue.

    • ravi551854 profile image

      ravi551854 6 years ago

      you made a very attractive lens

    • UKGhostwriter profile image

      UKGhostwriter 6 years ago

      Beautiful! got my thumbs up!

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 6 years ago from Canada

      Wow you definitely got into my heart. This is my birthstone and I love them. Great lens.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      oh wonderful idea, I am working on aqua right now, next in line is red and gold :) Thank You

    • profile image

      SandyPeaks 6 years ago

      Very pretty lens! Blessed by a SquidAngel.

    • profile image

      goldrings 6 years ago

      It would have been amazing, if sapphires are also found in red color.

    • mbgphoto profile image

      Mary Beth Granger 6 years ago from O'Fallon, Missouri, USA

      This is very interesting. Beautiful pics. Blessed

    • Joycevoice profile image

      Joycevoice 6 years ago

      I never realized that sapphires came in colors besides blue. The royal blue sapphire is my favorite. Thanks for the education!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Love the blue sapphires, they're my birthstone. I gifted myself last year with a gorgeous marquise in white gold & about 30 little diamonds. I'd LOVE to own practically everything on this page!!!!!!!!!

    • PeteHodges profile image

      PeteHodges 6 years ago

      The photography is very good! I also learned something and enjoyed the experience. Thanks for taking the time to put it here.

    • Richard-H profile image

      Richard 6 years ago from Surrey, United Kingdom

      Fantastic resource on the sapphire. Beautiful stone and wonderful lens. *Blessed*

    • Spook LM profile image

      Spook LM 6 years ago

      Beautiful and fascinating. Blessed by an Angel.

    • profile image

      jipock 8 years ago

      Great Lens!! 5*****

    • profile image

      jessicahoward 8 years ago

      wow they look so great...i want all of them..great lens and excellent information....thanx for sharing it.....

    • kencasey profile image

      kencasey 8 years ago

      Lots of nice pix!

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Some great information here.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      A wonderful lens!

      Please Visit My Lens

      Click here to see my site www.dkrub.com

      Thanks

    • sweetstickyrainbo profile image

      sweetstickyrainbo 8 years ago

      lovely photos. I sometimes wonder what it is that others see in jewelry. If the gems look as you depict them to accessory lovers then I see what the hub bub is about.

    • Nara White Owl profile image

      Nara White Owl 8 years ago

      Your photos are beautiful and the lens is great. I did not know that much about sapphires,

      5 stars from me.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      [in reply to DazzlingDesigns]

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      [in reply to DazzlingDesigns]

    • Amanda Blue profile image

      Amanda Blue 9 years ago

      The yet to be named Sapphire that was up for auction at Sotheby's in 2002 is really stunning. A beautiful and comprehensive lens. 5*

    • sisterra profile image

      sisterra 9 years ago

      The photos are absolutely beautiful! I love your lenses.

    • blonndie1965 profile image

      blonndie1965 9 years ago

      WOW - Gorgeous! I thought I loved Sapphires before, but now you've given me dozens more reasons to fall in love! See you at your shop!

    • profile image

      LeslieBrenner 9 years ago

      Well done. I love all your lenses, Lady Gotrocks.

    • profile image

      DazzlingDesigns 9 years ago

      Really great lens! 5-Stars all the way! Gems are lovely. Please feel free to stop by my Unique Handmade Jewelry Lens.

      Thanks,

      Donia

      Handmade Beaded Jewelry Gallery

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      I need a heart shaped star sapphire pendant about 3/4 of an inch

    • profile image

      thomasz 9 years ago

      Nice lens. great info. The sapphires are so gorgeous.

    • profile image

      AliciaMae 9 years ago

      Wow! just...wow! I always loved the midnight blue sapphires (my birthstone) but that's because I didn't know about the asterism! :)

      Alicia

      http://www.squidoo.com/aliciamaeecrater

    • FanfrelucheHubs profile image

      Nathalie Roy 9 years ago from France (Canadian expat)

      Great lens!! Saw your post on ebay store board! 5/5

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Lovely! One of my favorite types of gems for sheer beauty.

    • profile image

      CarmenVj 9 years ago

      Oh, this is a gorgeous lens. 5 stars. I'm in heaven! The Sapphire is a lovely gem indeed:)

    • Tolovus profile image

      Tolovus 9 years ago

      I now know more about sapphires than I ever did before! Next time I'm in the market for a gemstone, I know where to go...

    • Pierce This 2 profile image

      Pierce This 2 9 years ago

      Beautiful stones. 5 star lens. How to measure a belly button ring

    • Gatsby LM profile image

      Gatsby LM 9 years ago

      5* this is a ton of info!

    • DogWhisperWoman1 profile image

      DogWhisperWoman1 9 years ago

      What a beautiful lens! 5 stars for you. Dog Whisper Woman

    • ina mar profile image

      ina mar 9 years ago

      Amazing gems!

    • dc zhen profile image

      dc zhen 9 years ago

      Lady_G,

      You have such a beautiful and informative lens on Sapphires..now I really want one too!your lens shine like a gem...awesome! 5 stars!

    • profile image

      leslielewis 9 years ago

      Oh, what a beautiful gems! I want one ;). 5*!

      I like 'Midnight Blue Sapphire'.

    • ForeignFilmFana profile image

      ForeignFilmFana 9 years ago

      All of your lenses are so beautiful and so informative! I love visiting them. Thanks for all your work! 5*

    • ShawnsBidness profile image

      ShawnsBidness 10 years ago

      Blue's my fav with pink coming in a close second. I've learned a lot reading your lens!

    • profile image

      Ruth_C 10 years ago

      What a great resource on sapphires for us jewelry makers! I also like the prices on the gemstones in your ebay store!

    • profile image

      nicataliano 10 years ago

      wow you have very extensive content. amazing.check out my pagegreat prices on all jewelry

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Great Lens

    • JonitasKalimpo profile image

      JonitasKalimpo 10 years ago

      beautiful lens, Lady_Gotrocks. A great work of art!

    • Brite-Ideas profile image

      Barbara Tremblay Cipak 10 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      What kind of room is it..you put the riddle on my page...lol, ok. I give up, what's the answer!

      https://hubpages.com/entertainment/Good_Riddles

      By the way, wow, nice Lens!, Barb

    • profile image

      catch-cheating 10 years ago

      excellent lens, very beautiful sapphires collection

    • profile image

      DeanBakerWholesale 10 years ago

      Great lens...5 stars!

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Blue sapphire is my favorite!

    • profile image

      Woodland3000 10 years ago

      Saw you on the Stores Board. Nice Lens!

    • profile image

      SurfsUpSwimwear 10 years ago

      Great info. on gems!

      Erna

      http://www.surfsupswimwear.com

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Another great Lens - saw you on the Stores Board - Kathy

    • AlisonMeacham profile image

      AlisonMeacham 10 years ago

      What beautiful pictures! Great info too. Thanks for all the work you have put into this.

    • fefe42 profile image

      fefe42 10 years ago

      I didn't know much about sapphires until I came across your lens. I like the pink one.

    • AnnsHomeDecor profile image

      AnnsHomeDecor 10 years ago

      Love your lens! Very informative! Blue sapphires are my favorite gem.

    • profile image

      craftpatterns 10 years ago

      Very interesting lens. Rated 5 stars. Thanks for stopping by our Craft Patterns Lens.

    • mllamb46 profile image

      mllamb46 10 years ago

      Great lens!

      I gave you five stars.

      ~Melody

      https://hubpages.com/art/miniatureartbymelodyleala... My Miniature paintings

      http://www.squidoo.com/artonrefrigeratormagnets/ My Miniature paintings on Refrigetator Magnets

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      I love Sapphires! Wonderful lens. Don't forget to add the beautiful cornflower blue Yogo sapphires found only in Montana.

    • mn3guy profile image

      mn3guy 10 years ago

      There are some nice pictures on this site. They should definitely help your business.

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      Great lens! I voted 5 stars - I invite you to check out mine too, and rate it for me!Live Streaming Video

    • M Schaut profile image

      Margaret Schaut 10 years ago from Detroit

      Congratulations on your dual win in April!

    • profile image

      wenfri 10 years ago

      Wow awesome gems Love it Great job 5 stars from me

    • profile image

      DeWayne-FilmFreak 10 years ago

      Beautiful gems! Giving you 5 stars!

      DeWayne(FilmFreak)- MovieDownloadMatrix.com -

    • Gail Faulkner profile image

      Gail Faulkner 10 years ago

      Welcome to the Best Ratings Group Nice Lens.

    • profile image

      Acne_Medicine 10 years ago

      very nice lens, the midnight blue sapphire is absolutely amazing. Thanks from Acne Medicine Guy.

    • profile image

      Glyphman 10 years ago

      Great lens!! Would like to exchange lensrolls with you!!

      I gave you 5 stars and a lensroll too!

      TaoGem supports, promotes, votes, and lensrolls all Ebay, gem, and jewelry related lenses.

      If you get a minute, please stop by my lense and show me some love!!

      Good luck and have a great day!

    • profile image

      Glyphman 10 years ago

      Great lens!! Would like to exchange lensrolls with you!!

      I gave you 5 stars and a lensroll too!

      TaoGem supports, promotes, votes, and lensrolls all Ebay, gem, and jewelry related lenses.

      If you get a minute, please stop by my lense and show me some love!!

      Good luck and have a great day!

    • profile image

      Glyphman 10 years ago

      Request for lensroll and vote!!

      Excellent lens. I gave you 5 stars and a lensroll.

      We can lensroll each other two times!!

      If you get a minute, stop by and give a vote, and a lensroll for my lens.

      TaoGem supports, promotes, votes and lensrolls all Ebay, gem and jewelry lenses.

    • profile image

      Glyphman 10 years ago

      Request for lensroll and vote!!

      Excellent lens. I gave you 5 stars and a lensroll.

      We can lensroll each other two times!!

      If you get a minute, stop by and give a vote, and a lensroll for my lens.

      TaoGem supports, promotes, votes and lensrolls all Ebay, gem and jewelry lenses.

    • one SquidAddict profile image

      one SquidAddict 10 years ago

      Great lens! Please come and join us at the Jewelry Group

      Jewelry-Jewellery

    • profile image

      SARASOTASWEETIE 10 years ago

      Great lens. 5 stars!

    • dawnsantiquesan profile image

      dawnsantiquesan 10 years ago

      Great lens 5*. I added you to my lensroll!!!

    • wildrosetreasure profile image

      wildrosetreasure 10 years ago

      All of your lens are great. Have added them to my lens roll. You have great information. Thank you for all the work you have put into them.

    • profile image

      oddsend03 10 years ago

      Another fine lens 5 stars

    • profile image

      Lakota429 10 years ago

      Wohooo! Great lens! Congrats on the #3 ranking!!! 5 stars! Annie~

    • profile image

      mr_67greenm6en 10 years ago

      Very nice!

    • profile image

      Glyphman 10 years ago

      Your lens is great!

      TaoGem, supports, promotes, votes and lensrolls all Ebay Lensmasters.

      If you get a minute stop by and give a vote, sign the guestbook, and even lensroll if you like!

      Have a great day!

    • What-I-Found profile image

      What-I-Found 10 years ago

      Hello,

      So glad to see you on Squidoo! Good Luck,

      Tina

      What-I-Found

      What-I-Found -Sewing Patterns!My Squidoo Lens!

    • profile image

      An_Animal_Lover 10 years ago

      WOW! You have the nicest lenses!

    • FussyCutterQuilts profile image

      FussyCutterQuilts 10 years ago

      Another 5 Stars on your lens, I love this gem! ***** I've added you to my Roll =)

    • profile image

      ooh_SHINY_STUFF 10 years ago

      one of my (many) favorite stones, love the pictures! :)

    • profile image

      lonestargems 10 years ago

      Super lens. Keep up the good work.

      Jordan and staff of

      Lone Star Gemstones. Y'all come see us!

    • profile image

      CraftyCottageGifts 10 years ago

      Ohhh My favorite stone. My Birthstone!

      Gawgeous!

    • profile image

      ridi2buy 10 years ago

      Great informative lens. They all are!