ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Entering the World of HTML

Updated on February 17, 2018
Lalit Bunkar profile image

Lalit Kumar is a software developer and programmer and has been developing websites and softwares since 2008.

What is HTML ?

Hypertext Markup Language is the standard programming language in which web pages are created and transferred on world wide web, straight to users web browser. It is the language which is interpreted by web browser and displays content in managed way to the user. HTML defines the structure of a web page defined by standard markups predefined by World Wide Web Consortium(W3C). These markups serves as rules for the web browser to understand the structure of web page. Documents received on web browser comes from webservers or local storage are parsed and rendered as multimedia pages for users.

Breaking the HTML !!

If we break HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) in parts, we get three parts

1. Hypertext

2. Markup

3. Language

Parts of HTML...............

1. Hypertext : The word hypertext and its concept is very old and used in software world since 1946. The word hyper comes from Greek prefix which means over or beyond. Hypertext is the text displayed to user on electronic devices like computer or mobile with reference to some other text which user can access immediately or content can be shown progressively. Reference to other text is given by 'Hyperlinks' on which user can click by mouse to get access to next information. Hypertext doesn't define just text, it includes images, tables other form of data. It is a very basic concept of internet and is one of the key foundation for world wide web.

2. Markups : We often underline some text while reading a book for important concept. This is kind of markup which tells us that underlined text is important. Similarly in software world markup tells the software how to render the content on user screen. Here we use 'Tags' as markup , which serves as rules or instruction for software to perform some action on content and generally not visible on user screen. HTML have predefined tags which are standardized by W3C, and these specifications tells the software how to display the structured data on user screen.

3. Language : In software world, a language simply means programming language if not specified otherwise. So HTML is a programming language used to transmit data on internet, and display output on user screen in web browser which understand this language. A markup language is a way to wrap the text in tags which makes the text or data distinguishable. A hypertext markup language or HTML simply means a programming language used to wrap the text or content in predefined TAGS and interlinking this data by hyperlinks.

HTML Version Timeline

"HTML" - 1993

"HTML+" - 1994

"HTML 2.0" - 1995

"HTML 3.2" - 1997

"HTML 4.0" - 1998

"HTML 5.0" - 2014

"HTML 5.1" - 2016

"HTML 5.2" - 2017

History of HTML

In 1980 , Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, proposed and prototyped a system to share documents between CERN researchers. After that in 1990, he specified HTML and developed server and browser software to share hypertext page written in HTML.

The first document about using HTML called "HTML Tags" was made available to public in 1991 and it contained 18 tags out of which 11 are still part of HTML. At first HTML was considered an application of SGML (Standardized Generalized Markup Language). In 1994, HTML Working Group was created, which completed "HTML 2.0" in 1995.

HTML 4.0 was published in 1997 and reissued in 1998 and 1999 with minor bug fixes. After that development in HTML was halted as HTML Working Group started development of XML based HTML (XHTML).

HTML 5.0 was published in 2014 in W3C recommendation.

Worlds 51% population is using internet as per statistics of 2018.

How HTML page look like

HTML page comprise predefined HTML tags or markups in an orderly manner. Generally these tags have a closing tag and may or may not use "attribute". Some tags does not have a closing tag like document type declaration. A typical HTML page looks like this

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>This is a title</title>
<p>Hello world!</p>

"<!DOCTYPE html>" is the document type declaration, without which browser does not trigger standard mode triggering.

The text between "<html> and its closing tag "</html>" defines the web page, whereas the text betweein "<body>" and "</body>" is the content which displays on user screen.

There are lots of elements or tags defined in HTML 5 by W3C. Each element have predefined set of attributes too which have name value pair and written within the start tag of element.

© 2018 Lalit Kumar


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Jensy Virginia profile image

      Jensy Virginia 

      3 years ago from New York City

      i've been learning HTML and CSS for a few weeks now.

      I'm not a techie person but understand the importance of technology literacy. I think HTML is the best way to getting started in programming since is easy to understand therefore to practice with it, specially on your projects, since a lot of people this days are interested in having an online presence. This article is short, in-depth and easy to understand. If just all information about technology where like this one, i would be a supper star in the technology world by now.

      thanks for the post.

    • profile image

      Narendra Gedam 

      3 years ago

      Very nice article. Useful information is represented in a lucid manner.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)