ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Intel's Three D Transistor - 22nm

Updated on May 25, 2011

Intel's Hot News

May 16, 2011

Last week Intel announced a breakthrough in transistor design. After ten years of research the chip giant publicly announced a revolutionary design in transistor technology. The thee dimensional transistor. Intel spokespersons state that the new design will make it to market sometime in 2012. The new transistor based chips are already code named "Ivy Bridge."

This article will discuss the new design by comparing the "tri-gate" design to traditional transistor design of years past.

Traditional Field Effect Transistor
Traditional Field Effect Transistor | Source
Intel "Fin" Field Effect Transistor (3D)
Intel "Fin" Field Effect Transistor (3D) | Source

Differences

Intel's new transistor, dubbed the "tri-gate" or "3D" transistor is also referred to as a fin transistor. This is due to the fact that the source/drain channel sticks up, out of the substrate, like a fin on an old fifties car or perhaps a fish.

The differences between this and the older field effect transistor may seem minor, but some of the advantages are;

  • More electrons can flow along the raised channel
  • Because the gate surrounds the channel on three sides it is much more effective at switching the transistor on or off
  • Because the gate surrounds the channel there is less current leakage out of the channel and into nearby transistors
  • Manufacturing techniques only require moderate changes to achieve this new transistor form

By using this new process to manufacture transistors Intel has managed to jump Moore's law and bring a faster, more efficient transistor to market two full years ahead of projection.

Other Benefits

Intel claims that the new three dimensional transistors will consume thirty-seven (37%) percent less power than the previous 32nm planar transistors and will also draw less than half the power of the previous design.

How Big is a Nanometer?

Nano mean's "billionth" so a nanometer is one billionth of a meter.

This is pretty small, so small in fact, that a single nanometer cannot be seen with the eye alone.

To put this into some perspective a human hair (on average) is 100,000 nanometers in diameter. By that measure the Intel "3D" transistors could fit comfortably on the cross-section of a single hair. In fact, you could fit over two thousand, assuming you need space between them of about the same width as the transistor itself, across the diameter of a hair.

Disclaimer

The author was not compensated in any way, either monetarily, with discounts, or freebies by any of the companies mentioned.

Though the author does make a small profit for the word count of this article none of that comes directly from the manufacturers mentioned. The author also stands to make a small profit from advertising attached to this article.

The author has no control over either the advertising or the contents of those ads.

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)