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Laptop Components

Updated on September 27, 2010

Laptop components vary depending on brands and model. Laptop has internal and external components. External components include webcam, power button, battery, touch pad, Ethernet port, external display port, USB port, Microphone- in jack, headphone or speaker line-out jack, card reader, and DC-in jack. Internal components include processor, memory, wireless LAN, Bluetooth, video card, HDD, optical drive, microphone, and sound card.

Laptop Components
Laptop Components

Web Camerais a camera installed to the computer which is used to capture images or videos and allows users to visually communicate to others world wide through a server.

Power Buttonis used to turn the device on or off. This will function when the button is pressed.

Touch Pad is a touch-sensitive interface solution that senses finger position or direction when touched. It functions like a pointing device where users can navigate, control, and browse programs and applications.

Ethernet Port is an opening on computer network equipment that is linked to its internal Ethernet network adapter which enables users to connect to a wired network.

USB Port is a standard cable connection interface on laptop and consumer electronics. This allows users to connect via cables to other electronic devices such as printers and faxes.

A Processor, commonly known as Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the central component of computer usually coined as the “brain of computer”. It processes information inputted by the user.

Memory or Random Access Memory (RAM) temporarily stores dynamic data to enhance computer performance. It is volatile; hence all data stored in this location will automatically lost once the laptop is turned off.

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is used to communicate other computers through radio waves.Bluetoothis a wireless technology for creating personal networks operating in the 2.4 GHz unlicensed band, with a range of 10 meters.

A Video Card, also known as graphic card is an expansion card that enables computer to send graphical information to a video display device such as monitor or projector.

A Hard Disc Drive(HDD) is a memory storage that stores all programs and files in the computer. Technically, when this is damaged users will lost all files or programs stored in the computer.

Optical Drivestores data on optical discs like CDs and DVDs, among others. It has greater capacity of holding data compared to a floppy disk.

Microphone is transducers which detects sound signals and produce an electrical image of the sound.

Sound Card is an internal component of computer used to process audio files and plays voice and various music formats such as .wav, .mp3, .cda, among others.

Some Laptop depending on brands and model has a very advanced component to suit user’s preference. Whether super advanced or obsolete the laptop is, these basic components are essential to keep it functioning.


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      Jeliprince 5 years ago

      Am an engineer and need enlightment from you pls