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Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in Demand

Updated on October 16, 2019
dwachira profile image

Danson Wachira is a certified Trainer in Computer Science, Information Technology and related studies.

Being a programmer is one of the most rewarding careers in the field of Information Technology. Software Engineers must have knowledge and skills in programming for them to have a grip on producing reliable software products that will stand the test of time. Every software product has a life span and no matter how well designed the software can be, every software is bound to become obsolete one day.

The life span of a software product depends on many factors such as popularity, functionality, usability, reusability etc. The programming language that has been used to develop a software product is an important factor in determining how popular and worthy the software product will be to the eyes of the software user or vendor.

Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages Today (2013)
Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages Today (2013) | Source

Programmers wishing to develop life long careers in the field of programming should dwell on programming languages that are popular in the market.

Your favorite language as a programmer may not be the favorite language to the clients, so programmers should not produce software products that they want but rather what software market demands.

If you are a programmer wishing to develop a rewarding career in programming that will give you an edge in software development, here are 10 most popular programming languages to start with.

Java Programming Language
Java Programming Language | Source

Java Programming Language

Java is one of the most popular programming languages and the best preferred by programmers and clients. This language has been on top of the TIOBE Programming Community Index. TIOBE is an indicator of popularity of programming languages based on skilled software engineers and vendors world-wide.

One aspect of Java that makes it popular is its Java Virtual Machine (JVM) that makes software developed in Java run on any other operating system. Besides, Java has very rich re-usable libraries and components that you will not find in other programming languages.

Java, which is an Object Oriented Language, is the adopted language in the development of Android Operating System that has become common in Cell phones, that means there will be a growing demand for Java developers for many years to come. Nearly every College and University includes Java in their course units especially in Computer Science. Although Java is a relatively slow running language, its WORA (Write Once Run Anywhere) capability makes it to be very popular among programmers.

C Programming Language

C programming language is a procedural language that is extremely fast compared to Java. What makes C to be fast is its need to be compiled to run on specific environments other than where the program was initially developed.

Although C was developed to run on Unix Operating system, it has been used in other operating systems but with minor complexities in memory allocation and mastering.

Overall, C is the preferred language when it comes to fast applications and the fact that it can be embedded in other systems to add functionalities.

It has been used widely in production of device drivers, system software and business applications. C is ranked first on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

C++ Programming Language
C++ Programming Language | Source

C++ Programming Language

C++ pronounced as (C plus plus) is a language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup to support C programming language on backward-compatibility issues.

It was initial aimed to be an update for C language but later became popular and today C++ has been used to develop most business applications, system software, High performance servers, simulations and games.

C++ has the same speed factor as in C language although one challenge is that many programmers may regard it as an old language. C++ is ranked third on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

C# Programming Language
C# Programming Language | Source

C# Programming Language

C# Pronounced as C Sharp, is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing imperative, functional, generic, object-oriented and component-oriented programming disciplines.

C# was developed by Microsoft as its flagship in .Net framework and most of the applications developed in C# will run comfortably in Windows based systems.

A programmer who has developed his skills in Java will adopt C# with ease as it has almost similar syntax as Java. The good side of C# is that it is a language that produces fast and powerful applications compared to Java but most of these applications run better on Windows based systems. Most of Windows 7 phones are developed using C# which is currently ranked fifth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Objective-C Programming Language
Objective-C Programming Language | Source

Objective-C Programming Language

Objective-C is the ultimate programming language for producing intense high-pressure software products. It is an Object Oriented language that was developed from the concepts in Smalltalk and C programming languages and influenced the development of Java language.

If you want to be a programmer in your own class then I suggest you get skills on this language as the market for Objective-C programmers is not flooded. Clients are still looking for developers in Objective-C and the applications demand is on increase.

Popular gadgets that use Apple's Mac OS X and iOS such as Apple’s iPhone, iPod and iPad need developers so there is a wider market to choose from. Objective-C is ranked fourth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Visual Basic Programming Language
Visual Basic Programming Language | Source

Visual Basic Programming Language

Visual Basic is the language of choice for beginners’ programmers mostly because of its ease in application. Programmers can create customized Graphical User Interface (GUI) applications by just way of dropping controls and components into a visual container with additional codes to add functionality.

Developed by Microsoft as direct descendant of the old BASIC language and currently ranked seventh on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013, the major disadvantage of Visual Basic is that its products are Windows based and therefore do not have much demand on the software market. Beside, programmers in Visual Basic are many with low demand and one must be very good in Visual Basic including the other versions such as Visual Basic.Net to have a grip of the market.

PHP Programming Language
PHP Programming Language | Source

PHP Programming Language

PHP is a scripting language that was originally developed by Ramus Lerdorf to add interactivity to dynamic Web pages. PHP is the preferred language in Web applications with its most strength being ease of application with good documentation.

Most applications are turning out to be Web based and the demand for Web based programmers is increasing, beside PHP has variation in syntax and conventions of programming and particular clients may be looking for particular programmers who are versed with specific PHP syntax. PHP is currently ranked sixth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Perl Programming Language
Perl Programming Language | Source

Perl Programming Language

If your aim is to become a programmer in text processing and system administration scripting, then look no further than having hands on skills in Perl. Perl is an old language but still very popular mostly because programmers in Perl are few.

Perl has the most complicated commands and syntax and if you are going to use it to develop applications you will be assured of the added business in maintenance of applications written in Perl. Perl is currently ranked ninth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Python Programming Language

One of the popular programming languages in cloud computing is Python. Python is a general purpose language with usage in multiple industries and has been used in Web and Cloud applications on different frameworks.

Python is characterized by its use of indentation for readability with elegant codes and has been used in Google cloud and Ubuntu operating system. Python is currently ranked eighth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Ruby Programming Language

When the Japanese creator Yukihiro Matsumoto developed Ruby in 1995 from a blend of other languages such as Perl and Smalltalk, he never thought Ruby will eventually become the most Object Oriented Programming language. Everything in Ruby is an object but perhaps the downside of Ruby is that it is a slow language.

Ruby is a business oriented language and programmers in Ruby are always in demand. Ruby has been used in development of applications such as Web and Cloud applications, simulations, 3D modeling and Robotics. Ruby is currently ranked tenth on the TIOBE Programming Community Index of 2013.

Other popular programming languages includes JavaScripts, Delphi, Lisp and Visual Basic.Net

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    • Ammad Baig profile image

      Ammad Baig 

      6 years ago from London, United Kingdom

      Very informative!

      I am planning to do MCS this year but coming from a very different educational background (Gender sciences and communication). Do you think i can cop up with this language/Programming stuff? ( I am really in love with programming but absolute no knowledge)

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi,

      If a programmer will combine VB.Net and another language like Java as career tools, the market is there but market for VB or VB.Net only is flooded and one may take time to get projects unless very good in that trade. Yes, Java can run on Apple, in fact there are many .jar games and Java apps running on Apple. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      dontknowmuchbutenjoydoingit 

      6 years ago

      what do you think of visual basic

      and can you run java on apple

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi,

      Although C++ and Java are popular in games, many developers are inclined to Java owing to its added strength for both web and cloud games, this coupled by its market popularity makes it a better choice for games programming. Thanks for stopping here and commenting.

    • profile image

      dontknowmuchbutenjoydoingit 

      6 years ago

      (dwachira)

      thank you for replying i have one other problem tho

      java or c++ from a person fresh from visual basic

      PS

      i just want to game program

    • profile image

      what to do 

      6 years ago

      i have just finished learning visual basic but cant choose between c++ or java all i want to be able to do is make games but not sure which is right for me. Any help is greatly appreciated.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi,

      To a programmer, any app is as good as the other but the difference comes in costs of developing an app and its sales. The more sales the more programmer may get paid. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      dontknowmuchbutenjoydoingit 

      6 years ago

      do you get paid more being a mobile game developer or a console game developer

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi ParagP,

      Oracle is database oriented and is mostly used as a backend. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      ParagP 

      6 years ago

      Above information is really helpful. Thanks a lot but oracle didnt appear on your list. Why so?

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi mukesh,

      Javascript for client side and PHP for server side should be a better option and they are very popular. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      mukesh 

      6 years ago

      I am pursuing b.tech and i want to know what scripting language good which can help me to easily settle down in as a web developer in Indian market.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Gaurav Sinha,

      The choice of a programming language will be largely be dictated by what you want to specialize in (career) and what is in demand (Job market). The third factor should be perhaps your interest in a language. Java covers a wide area of programming compared to PHP which is the preferred language in Web applications.

      Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      Gaurav Sinha 

      6 years ago

      I am very confused in choosing programming language between Java & PHP. Please give some suggestion so that further i go to according to that language.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Rakesh,

      I do understand and while seeking for a job is not easy, getting the right one need patient and determination. It must be very interesting to be a Python developer. Here is link for a Python community with one company i found seeking for Python developers. The company is called CritSend, a distributed company based in San Francisco.

      http://www.python.org/community/jobs/

      I wish you success. Thanks for the visit and comment

    • profile image

      rakesh 

      6 years ago

      I have been using python for a while now, i am planning to change to my job, but evey where i search , there are only offers for test categories, but i am a developer in python, it's becoming hard to change my job right now, as i am actually not getting any openings for "python Developer"

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Manjeet kumar,

      First of all, i don't believe Java is obsolete, not even in India because i have a lot of friends from India on Java online forums and so i know Java is alive and kicking in India. The choice of a programming language largely depends on what market clients are asking for and what is marketable.

      A popular language today might not be popular tomorrow so you need to fall on a language that will stand the test of times. On the programmer view, the area that you want to specialize in (Distributed systems, servers, gaming, web etc.) will also matter. for that case, Java, C++, C and Objective-C should be a good choice to start with.

      Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      Manjeet kumar 

      6 years ago

      Dear Dwachira,

      I liked this page because it got confusion which programming language is better among all, off my mind. At the moment, I am the student of MCA and want to be a good programmer, so, kindly you are requested, please guide me for selecting a programming language for career. My friends always say that Java has been obsolete in India and once a teacher said the same and suggested me learn oracle.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Infini,

      Sure, there are many rewarding areas in IT and i find it very attractive. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      Infini 

      6 years ago

      Hi Dwachira ..good to come across this hub.

      Nice to see the article. I have been a C++ programmer for 10+ years programming for telco servers. And recently made a forey into Finance sector and working on .net & Java as most of the applications are web based...I should say being programmer is possible with continuous effort.

      Other tools and packages like COGNOS SAP etc demand less out of you. I'm not very sure how you mentioned programming as most rewarding in IT..but good to listen to that :)

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi aisha91,

      I agree Java has to be one those environment that you can virtually do anything. Thanks for visit and comment.

    • aisha91 profile image

      Rasna Aisha 

      6 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      Yay, I like this hub, I am a bit late on reading this. lol. As for me, I would prefer Java, PHP and C++. Visual basic and c# is in demand too. Voted up and useful.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Maaz Hanafi,

      I do agree, there is need for continued learning and skills sharpening. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      Maaz Hanafi 

      6 years ago

      in my opinion for any fresh grad sound fundamentals of two programming languages are a must, but even more important is to be able to learn because new apis are appearing all the time.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi

      Thanks for the visit and comment. My advice is that you choose at least two languages that are popular in the market and which you are fully competent in. With the listing that you have provided, i would suggest you move towards Java and C. This two languages are popular in the market (see TIOBE popularity listing) and are more preferred by clients, they have useful libraries and can be used in wide range of applications.

      I wish you all the best in your IT career.

    • profile image

      achla 

      6 years ago

      i have done my BCA and now doing mca .............but i am confused that on which language i should concentrate more .........I know c,c++,vb,vb.net,java,oracle and according to me my c , oracle ,vb and vb.net is good ................so plz tel me which language should i prefered so that i wil make a good career in IT sector as a application programmer.............. thank you

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks David for the visit and comment, please clarify your query so that i can help. What do you mean when you say "..computer programming language that has more than one line?" Thanks.

    • profile image

      David 

      6 years ago

      I already created my softwares at Visual Basic even computer languages, too. But I have only one question, where can i create a computer programming language that has more than one line because mine is only one-line syntax, example: console.close

    • auirek profile image

      Tsvetelin Naydenov 

      6 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      Hi Woples. I have always been thinking that knowing C programing was a garbage, but reading your hub gave me faith. I wasn't sure where and how C was used. Thank you so much. This is excellent hub.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      6 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Woples,

      Thank for the visit and comment, i can assure you that you are on the right path, not programmers are on Action Script and the trick is to get the market before it is flooded. Keep coding!

    • profile image

      Woples 

      6 years ago

      Very insightful. As an aspiring programmer, this is really helped me out. Question, I've recently been learning action script 3.0 (flash programming), and I've been creating games. Do you think learning this language will help me along in my programming career?

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Brett.Tesol,

      Thanks for the visit and comment, being skilled in programming depends on many factors including how one is interested in it. Holding minimal factors, it may take 1-2 years.

    • Brett.Tesol profile image

      Brett C 

      7 years ago from Asia

      A very interesting hub. From your experience, how long do you think it would take to become 'reasonably skilled' in programing Java? (from an absolute beginner)

      Shared, up, useful, and tweeted.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi roundsquare,

      Thanks for the visit here and commenting. I was at your profile hoping to read one on programming but i guess i will have to wait for it. Welcome to Hubpages.

    • roundsquare profile image

      Round Square 

      7 years ago from Dubai, United Arab Emirates

      Java, PHP, Objective C are my personal favorites while I use others too to achieve purpose that they can easily do.

      Regards,

      Shoeb Surya

      [Web Design Dubai & Mobile Apps Dubai - By Round Square](http://www.roundsquare.ae)

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks DDE for stopping here, reading and commenting. I really appreciate.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      7 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      One of the most interesting Hubs I have read recently thanks for such an informative Hub

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi ronny2005,

      Thanks for the visit and comment.

      1. What kinds of software can we create using Visual BASIC?

      Visual Basic programming language is one of the languages included in Microsoft Visual Studio IDE. It can be used to create variety of applications both stand alone and client server including web based applications. Its .Net version is a popular one and i guess Microsoft will continue to support it for years unlike what they did with Visual FoxPro. The programmer market for Visual Basic is kind of flooded though and what i would tell the would be programmers of VB, is to take hold of an extra language, be it Java or C++ for rainy days.

      2. What programming language is more beneficial, Java or C++?

      Making a choice between Java or C++ will entirely depend on what type of application is at hand for a programmer and which issues are of priority. If software stability is an issue for example, i would recommend C++, on the other hand, if portability and platform hopping is an issue, i would go for Java.

      3. What programming language should I use for creating a 'bot program' that can do certain tasks by itself?

      Well, to answer this, i need more information. What type of a robot? A DSS, EIS, Neural? ...to be used as automation where? What i would say is that no matter what type of a bot, it is very important to consider the concept of modelling. Any bot design will involve modelling and so the language to be used must be able to support modelling, either in house or through a third party.

      I hope this help.

    • ronny2005 profile image

      ronny2005 

      7 years ago from HubPages

      Awesome hub, dwachira! I have some questions in my mind. I would love to read your answers.

      What kinds of software can we create using Visual BASIC?

      What programming language is more beneficial, Java or C++?

      What programming language should I use for creating a 'bot program' that can do certain tasks by itself?

      Thank you for your time :)

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi LaThing, it is always good to be versed in several programming languages as they will always keep you in business. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • LaThing profile image

      LaThing 

      7 years ago from From a World Within, USA

      Very Well written! You did a great job.... My specialty is COBOL, but I have also taken C++, C, Visual Basic.... Just love the challenge of programming! Enjoyed reading this :)

      Thanks....

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi teaches12345, programming is one area where young people can tap their talent and get self-employment. It is a business opportunity especially in these hard economic times. Thanks for the visit and commenting.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      7 years ago

      I hear this language spoken among my tech students in classes. It is all important to learn and to keep updating. Interesting and useful.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hello Gamerelated, so nice of you visiting my page, programming can be really intimidating i agree but it can also be fun especially if you get hooked into it. Ever heard the fun side of it? Programmer waking up at 2Am just because he has realized how to solve an error that bothered him all day! That is programming, am glad you found this article to be useful. Thanks for commenting.

    • Gamerelated profile image

      Gamerelated 

      7 years ago from California

      This is a great Hub on programming languages. I have always been interested in programming, but I have also been intimidated by it. This Hub is very informative, good work dwachira.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi josh3418, Programming is becoming part of our life as most gadgets we use are programmed right from home microwaves to cell phones to PDAs to computes to iPads to ..... Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • josh3418 profile image

      Joshua Zerbini 

      7 years ago from Pennsylvania

      dwachira,

      Thanks for this informative article, this is definitely not my language. I know very little, so this was a fascinating read. Thanks!

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @techdizzy, you are welcome.

    • techdizzy profile image

      techdizzy 

      7 years ago from India

      Thanks a lot dwachira :)

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi techdizzy, you can learn Ruby yes but you need a lot of effort to get used to the syntax and coding conventions, it is not as easy as other Object Oriented languages. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • techdizzy profile image

      techdizzy 

      7 years ago from India

      Is Ruby a easy language to learn? Really an awesome hub

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi tthudium, Java is one of the most popular programming languages in the market, keep it up. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • tthudium profile image

      tthudium 

      7 years ago

      I used to know advanced batch- or DOS. Now I've started java and forgot most of it. Great hub! Keep up the awesome hubs.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I agree with you edmob1, we need to know one language fully and at least one another for backup and keeping us busy. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • edmob1 profile image

      edmob1 

      7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Nice piece I think knowing a couple of languages well and a working knowledge of others is must to keep getting work.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi mwangi, to be good in programming, you need to have skills and knowledge in at least two popular programming languages. I would suggest you select two of the one you have already learnt and sharpen your skills. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      mwangi 

      7 years ago

      i only know C#, C++, C and java and its only basic, not deep knowledge.

    • dwachira profile imageAUTHOR

      Danson Wachira 

      7 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi unknown spy, VB is one of the most popular languages in school, It is the first language i did before Java but there are many languages that are useful and popular. Thanks for the visit and comment.

    • unknown spy profile image

      Life Under Construction 

      7 years ago from Neverland

      Wished I have a vast knowledge of these programming languages..but we majored in HW way back. But I love Vbasic. I also have a portable software so i practice programming every once in a while.

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