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# Using Simple IF Function In Microsoft Office Excel 2003

## Using Simple IF Function In Microsoft Office Excel 2003

The **IF function** is a tool used to test specified condition in a given cell in a spreadsheet. **It is a logical** test used to test if a condition is **true** or **false**. If the condition being tested is true, expected results are displayed and again if the condition is false, a different kind of result is displayed.

After testing the condition of a given cell, the required action is carried out. This action could be executing of a formula or entering of text on the given cell where the results are expected.

We use the IF condition in our day today lives only that we do not think about it. When you say that if you get money at the end of the month you will buy a new laptop, you are using an IF condition. The condition here is if you get money and the action is buying a laptop.

## The IF Function

The **IF function**, **statement**, or **condition** as it is sometimes referred to, is a very important function we have in Excel. It is available in all versions of Microsoft Office Excel and the procedure of working with it is the same to all versions.

A good scenario case where you can apply it is when you are **grading** **exam results** for instance that of fifty students. It can make your work very easy for what you need is to only come up with one IF statement and then you auto-fill to the rest of the cells. In this case you do not have to keep on checking results of the students one at a time.

## Syntax and Parts of the IF Function

## This is how the IF function looks like. **=IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false)**

**Logical_test**- is any**value**or**expression**that can be tested to see if it is**TRUE**or**FALSE**. For example, A10>90 is a logical expression; if the value in cell A10 is greater than 90, the expression evaluates to TRUE. Otherwise if it is less than 90, the results are displayed as FALSE.**Value_if_true**- this is the value that is displayed if logical_test is true.**Value_if_false**- this is the value that is displayed if logical_test is false.

## If Function Question

## An Example of IF Function Question

**Suppose we are to find the grades of these students using the if function given that:-**

- If the total >=90 grade is "A"
- If the total >=80 grade is "B"
- If the total >=70 grade is "C"
- If the total <60 grade is "D"

**And their status given that:-**

- If grade = A, status then is EXELLENT
- If grade = B, status then is WELLDONE
- If grade = C, status then is GOOD
- If grade = D, status then is FAIL

## Using IF Function

## How to Use the IF Function

## How to use the IF function

- You must have the data you are testing already typed in your worksheet. You can copy the example I have here for your use.
- Click on where you want to have your answer.
- At this stage, you can type the IF directly on the cell or you use the
**IF function wizard**. You should try both to see which works best for you.

**Typing the IF function**

- Click on where the answer will appear and press the
**equals**sign on your keyboard. - Enter the IF statement as follows without spacing or omitting anything: =IF(B2>=90,"A",IF(B2>=80,"B",IF(B2>=70,"C",IF(B2<70,"D"))))

**Using the IF dialog box**

- Click on where the answer will appear, then go to the insert function and select the IF function and click okay
- Input the logical test, B2>=90
- Input the value if true, what will be displayed "A"
- Input the value if false - IF(B2>=80,"B",IF(B2>=70,"C",IF(B2<70,"D"))) click okay to get your results.

## Using the IF Function

### Note:

- Number arguments are not quoted =IF(B2>=90,"A",IF(B2>=80,"B",IF(B2>=70,"C",IF(B2<70,"D"))))
- Text arguments are quoted - =IF(F2="A","EXCELENT",IF(F2="B","WELLDONE",IF(F2="C","GOOD","FAIL")))
- To know how many brackets to use for closing, count the number of IFs you have
- You do not have to type the last IF, you can just use a comma and give the expected results
- When you make simple mistakes, Excel suggests the correct answer for you

## Did you Know how to use the IF Condition prior to reading this?

**© 2012 Patrick Kamau**