ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What Rights Would You Give A Machine?

Updated on February 26, 2014

What happens when it starts thinking for itself?


How will we treat them?

If futurists are to be believed, we are nearing a momentous event. The creation of an artificial intelligence that is truly our equal. This has, naturally, been speculated about in science fiction for decades. Many of the earliest stories featured our electronic creations turning against us. Others featured them serving us, like the creations of the Sorcerers Apprentice, a bit too efficiently. More recently films like Her depict them as another sort of person. The question becomes, how shall we treat these creations? Considering our reliance on technology, a better question might be, how will they treat us?

We used to think they would turn on us

Is an A.I. just another kind of person?

How do you treat a new mind?

Imagine, a new intelligence, entirely dependent on it's creators for it's needs. Ignorant at first, except for the knowledge given to it. It will learn and developing quickly. Does this describe a newly activated A.I. or a newborn child? Morally and ethically is there a difference? Usually in fiction a machine mind is depicted as property. Why? Because humans created them? People create children through biological processes. Rather than owning a child, a parent is held responsible for their care. Why is an A.I. different? Is it because the creation of a human is a natural process? How then will we regard children born of an artificial uterus when that technology is created? In Star Wars they certainly seemed to regard the clone troopers as little different from their purely mechanical servants. If an intelligent being is owned, whether it's mechanical or organic, then isn't that a form of slavery?

Upload your mind and live forever?


Hardware vs software

An artificial intelligence may present a degree of ambiguity not present in a living being. An electronic mind might not be dependent on a single set of hardware to exist. Although some visions of such technology do suppose that it would be tied to specialized hardware. Many others envision software minds that could freely migrate from computer to computer. Such a mind might even copy itself to multiple machines. Some even envision uploading a human mind as software providing a form of digital immortality. If this is possible, could an A.I. be a free being but dependent on hardware owned by another for it's survival? Unless the artificial mind is allowed to own property (it's own hardware and somewhere to keep it at least) there is a problem. The hardware requirements could provide a back door means to enslave the intelligence, much as the company store and company town did factory workers.

A mind that had two bodies

Minds with multiple bodies?

The idea of uploading a human mind raises other questions about A.I.. What happens if an electronic mind (from any source) is copied? Is the copy a new person or an extension of the same being? In the T.V. show “Andromeda” the titular warship had an android running a copy of it's mind. The two synchronized their experiences regularly and were treated as one entity, for the most part. How long between synchronizations does it take for a copy of a mind to be develop into a separate entity? Should a copy that had decided it wants to become separated be compelled to synchronize? What is required for a copy to betreated as a new person? If an electronic mind spread across multiple copies owns property and one copy is allowed to become independent,how should the property be allocated? What if one of the nodes of a distributed mind is a living human kept in synch via cybernetics. Can property that belonged to a human before he/she was uploaded become the property of a newly independent electronic node? Will our legal code have to adapt to permit one portion of a distributed mind to divorce itself from the rest? Not that different nodes staying synchronized will necessarily make things less complicated. If the organic portion of a dual entity makes a legal commitment, then dies before synchronizing, is the electronic component liable for the agreement? What if the organic portion married?

Who owns the rights to a mind?


Copyrighted minds

The idea of an electronic mind copying itself or running through distributed computing raises another issue. Software is normally subject to copyright laws. Who will own an A.I.'s copyright? Must an electronic mind own its own copyright to be a free person or can another party own the right to duplicate the mind? Is it ethically acceptable for another party to have ownership of what is, essentially, a beings ability to reproduce? On the other hand, if a A.I. does have the right and ability to copy itself at will, what is to prevent it from doing so endlessly? Until it has filled all the available computer memory in the world and every processor is occupied running it's thoughts. An electronic entity that was so inclined could become worse than any computer virus ever devised. Humanity in that situation might be forced to use less sophisticated machines that are incapable of running A.I. software. Another alternative would be to cease using computer networks. The last solution would be to delete the unwanted copies of the viral mind. Is it any morally different from an execution to delete such a mind? If it is operating as a distributed system then deleting a single copy will not “kill” the whole thing. This returns us to the question of when a copy goes from being a part of a distributed mind to a separate entity. Even if we regard every copy of an intelligence as simply a part of a whole, how is deleting a part of a mind not a form of mutilation? Unfortunately, if an intelligence distributes itself virally the rightful owners of the hardware might be left with no alternative if they want to reclaim their property.


Perhaps more worrisome than all the other ethical issues involved with electronic mind is this. They have the potential to exceed their organic creators in intelligence. Even assuming no one human or A.I. can figure out how to make them smarter in the I.Q. test sense. The rate at which computing power increases (and is projected to continue increasing) will allow an electronic mind (even an uploaded human mind) to think much faster than any organic mind. Even without an increase in computing power an A.I. might be able to think faster using distributed computing. An intelligence with access to ten equally powerful computers could split a problem into ten parts and set a copy of itself working on each. This would allow it to solve the problem ten times faster, with no need for faster hardware. How will purely organic minds relate to beings that can think hundreds or even thousands of times faster than us? What will these super minds do to our world if they work on scientific and engineering advancements at that kind of pace? The only limits on the advancements such minds might produce would be the rate at which they could verify their theories with real world experimentation. Futurists have dubbed this the singularity. What will humanity's status be sharing a world with such entities? Will we be the support staff and lab techs for these intellects or shall these tasks be performed, more efficiently, by robots? What status can humans who don't upload their minds have but that of a cargo cult? Is our future to await the handouts from electronic benefactors that are the equivalent of centuries ahead of us, with the gap growing wider every minute?

The human race is screwed

How will they treat us?

If predictions about the potential advancements in artificial intelligence are to be believed, humanities ultimate fate may well depend on how we treat the first A.I.. If we treat them poorly they can be expected to reciprocate. Of course if some variation of Asimov's famous three laws are utilized that might protect us. Assuming our creations can't find a way to work around such limitations. Even if these electronic beings are not inclined to harm us directly they may do so indirectly. What will the psychological impact on the human race be if we are displaced as the most intelligent beings on Earth? What will the effects be of having all discovery come from minds that work hundreds of times faster be? Will the organic minds of the human population atrophy from disuse? Even if we treat our creations well and they reciprocate how much more advanced than us will they need to be before humans are reduced to pets?


How should we treat A.I.

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)