- Internet & the Web
The history of the internet!
1964: The idea
Paul Baran lays the theoretical foundation
for the Internet with his treatise “On Distributed
1969: The forerunner
The USA starts the first big test: Arpanet goes online. It
only connects four research institutes with each other
1978: New network standard
The IPv4 protocol, which is used even today, is introduced. With
it, computers can be identified by their IP address.
1984: Sending emails
The American platform CSNET sends the first
text message to Germany on August 2, 1984. the
recipient is computer scientist Werner Zorn at
1988: Internet relay chat
Finnish student Jarkko Oikarinen first puts forward
the idea of chatting on the Internet. The first system
was developed as early as in 1981, as the computer
ISDN is the highlight of CeBIT.
The www interface
British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee is the founder
of the modern Internet. He develops HTML, the World Wide Web
service, and the first web server.
1990: Opening of the network
The outdated Arpanet is hopelessly overloaded and is shut down.
NSF-NET (National Science Foundation) takes its place and opens
the Net for commercial purposes for the first time.
1994: Netscape Navigator
Based on Mosaic, this browser offers a lot of
functions for easy surfing and becomes the market
leader within a year.
1995: Online shops
The first shops go online. Amazon, a small online book
dealer, is one of them. Today, the company has a turnover
of about US$ 15 million.
1998: Search engines
Some search engines, including Yahoo and Altavista, have
already established themselves, but in 1998, Google launches.
Today, it is one of the most admired companies in the world.
1999: Online auctions
Bargain hunters and private retailers
discover the Internet. eBay begins to spread
its wings outside the US.
2000: Dotcom bubble
There is an explosion of start-ups, and stock
market hysteria ensues. The firms cannot live up
to the high expectations, and the market collapses.
2001: Peer to peer
File sharing becomes a popular pass-time. The program Napster
has up to 60 million users. The first lawsuit breaks out and the
service temporarily goes offline.
2004: Online games
World of Warcraft brings the phenomenon
of online games to the mass market. Today,
the game has about 12 million subscribers.
2005: Web 2.0
Static homepages begin to fade away and be replaced
by participative ones. Sites such as YouTube and
Wikipedia are the new highlights on the Net.
2007: The mobile net
Apple’s iPhone shows you how much fun
you can have while surfing on your cell
phone, for the first time. Competitors
follow suit, and the idea of a full mobile
Internet gains popularity.
The Webciety: cell phones are permanently
connected to the web. Even TVs and home
appliances have Internet connections—IPTV
slowly replaces classic TV. Through cloud
computing, data can be stored on the net and
the user can access it from anywhere.