ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Arizona: State Facts, Interesting Trivia, Must See Places and Souvenirs

Updated on April 28, 2015
Arizona [1]
Arizona [1]

Arizona State Facts - Just Some Basics

Arizona - 48th State in the Union [2]
Arizona - 48th State in the Union [2]
Arizona State Flag [3]
Arizona State Flag [3]
Arizona State Seal [3]
Arizona State Seal [3]
Arizona State Quarter [3]
Arizona State Quarter [3]

State Abbreviation: AZ

State Birthday: Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

State Size: Arizona is the 6th largest state with 114,006 square miles.

Origin of the State Name: Arizona traces the origin of its state name to two different Indian languages:

  • Arizuma is the Spanish interpretation of the Aztec Indian word meaning “silver-bearing”.
  • Arizonac is a Pima Indian word meaning “little spring place”.

Name for Residents: Arizonans

State Flag: the top half of the flag portrays 13 rays of red and gold representing the original 13 states of the union, the lower half is blue representing liberty and the star at the center is copper representing the copper mining industry in the state.

State Capital: Phoenix

State Motto: Ditat deus (God Enriches)

State Nickname: The Grand Canyon State

Border States: Arizona is bordered by the state of Utah to the north, Colorado to the northeast, New Mexico to the east, California to the west and Nevada to the northwest.

Border Country: Mexico

There are 26 mountain peaks in Arizona higher than 10,000 feet in elevation.

The hottest temperature ever recorded in Arizona was 128°F; the coldest temperature ever recorded in Arizona was -40°F.

Arizona produces enough cotton each year to make more than one pair of jeans for every person in the United States.

Arizona is one of the Four Corners states, meeting New Mexico, Colorado and Utah in a quadripoint, the only such point in the nation.

The two largest manmade lakes in the United States, Lake Mead and Lake Powell, are both in Arizona.

Arizona History in Photos


“Four young Hopi Indian women grinding grain" (c.1906)

The Hopi, today a federally recognized tribe of Native American people, have lived in northern Arizona for thousands of years. They still practice many of the ancient ceremonies and traditions of their ancestors.

These four young women were in the midst of a corn grinding ritual, one of the initial phases of an elaborate marriage ceremony. During this phase, they would grind grain for four days – to prove their abilities to do so. Once finished with this ordeal, a much longer marriage ceremony would ensue. Their elaborate squash blossom or butterfly whorl hairstyles indicate that they are unmarried but marriageable.


"El Tovar Hotel in early 1900s"

Opened in 1905, the El Tovar Hotel is located on the South Rim of the Grand Canyon and is still used today. Built from local limestone and Oregon pine, its architecture is part rustic Western lodge and part Swiss chalet, with a touch of Mission style. Several United States presidents and numerous celebrities have spent the night in this historic hotel.

Arizona State Symbols

Click thumbnail to view full-size
AZ State Bird: Cactus Wren [5]AZ State Tree: Palo Verde [6]AZ State Wildflower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom [7]AZ State Mammal: Ringtail Cat [3]AZ State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake [3]AZ State Fish: Arizona Trout [3]AZ State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog [8]AZ State Butterfly: Two-Tailed Swallowtail [3]AZ State Gemstone: Turquoise [3]AZ State Fossil: Petrified Wood [3]AZ State Tartan [3]
AZ State Bird: Cactus Wren [5]
AZ State Bird: Cactus Wren [5]
AZ State Tree: Palo Verde [6]
AZ State Tree: Palo Verde [6]
AZ State Wildflower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom [7]
AZ State Wildflower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom [7]
AZ State Mammal: Ringtail Cat [3]
AZ State Mammal: Ringtail Cat [3]
AZ State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake [3]
AZ State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake [3]
AZ State Fish: Arizona Trout [3]
AZ State Fish: Arizona Trout [3]
AZ State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog [8]
AZ State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog [8]
AZ State Butterfly: Two-Tailed Swallowtail [3]
AZ State Butterfly: Two-Tailed Swallowtail [3]
AZ State Gemstone: Turquoise [3]
AZ State Gemstone: Turquoise [3]
AZ State Fossil: Petrified Wood [3]
AZ State Fossil: Petrified Wood [3]
AZ State Tartan [3]
AZ State Tartan [3]

Arizona State Symbols

State Bird: Cactus Wren

State Tree: Palo Verde

State Wildflower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom

State Mammal: Ringtail Cat

State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake

State Fish: Arizona Trout (or Apache Trout)

State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog

State Butterfly: Two-Tailed Swallowtail

State Gemstone: Turquoise

State Fossil: Petrified Wood

State Songs: "Arizona" and "The Arizona March Song"

"I Didn't Know That!" - Some of Arizona's Little Known Facts

Famous Arizonans

Joan Cooney (producer of Sesame Street – Phoenix)

Barry Goldwater (politician – Phoenix)

Gabrielle Giffords (politician – Tucson)

Cesar Chavez (labor leader/civil rights activist – Yuma)

Linda Ronstadt (singer – Tucson)

Jordin Sparks (singer – Glendale)

Stevie Nicks (singer – Phoenix)

Marty Robbins (singer – Glendale)

Lynda Carter (actress – Phoenix)

Barbara Eden (actress – Tucson)

Emma Stone (actress – Scottsdale)

Gary Shandling (comedian – Tucson)

R.C. Gorman (painter – Chinle)


Petrified Forest National Park [10]
Petrified Forest National Park [10]


The 1881 legendary gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, considered to be the most famous gunfight in the history of the Old West, only lasted 30 seconds!

Saguaro Cactus [3]
Saguaro Cactus [3]

● Arizona has some towns with amusing names:

  • Snaketown
  • Boneyard
  • Three Way
  • Lizard
  • Bumble Bee
  • Camel
  • Peach Pu
  • Christmas
  • Grasshopper
  • Pink Arrow
  • Why
  • Gripe

● Oraibi (also called Old Oraibi) is one of the oldest Native American communities in the United States. Founded before the year 1100 AD by the Hopi, this village is located in the northeastern part of Arizona and is still occupied.

● The Petrified Forest National Park, in northeastern Arizona, is home to the largest bed of petrified wood in the United States.

● Arizona was the first state to declare an official state neckwear - the bola tie.

● The planet, Pluto, was discovered in 1930 by astronomer, Clyde Tombaugh, while working at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff.

● The saguaro cactus is an icon of the Arizona desert. The Saguaro National Park protects many of these majestic plants which:

  • take up to 75 years to develop an arm.
  • are called “spears” if armless.
  • can grow up to 40 to 60 feet tall (as tall as a four to six-story building).
  • can live for 150 to 200 years.
  • are illegal to cut down. A person who does so (and is caught) can face up to 25 years in prison.
  • bloom at night.
  • produce a ruby red, sweet, edible fruit.
  • will visibly expand when it rains as the cactus draws up water to be conserved for future use. A saguaro can soak up to 200 gallons (six tons) of water which will last the cactus a year.

Interesting Places to Visit When in Arizona

Grand Canyon [9]
Grand Canyon [9]


The age of the Grand Canyon is the subject of much debate amongst geologists. The newest evidence, however, suggests that the Colorado River began its current course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago!

London Bridge [3]
London Bridge [3]

► The Grand Canyon, being one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, is a must see! Perhaps President Theodore Roosevelt best describes its beauty when he said,

“The Grand Canyon fills me with awe. It is beyond comparison – beyond description, absolutely unparalleled throughout the wide world . . . “

Divided into the North and South Rims, the Grand Canyon is 277 miles long and over a mile deep, carved by the Colorado River into an enormous and amazing natural sculpture.

► The Phoenix museum’s name, Hall of Flame, isn’t at first self-explanatory . . . but once you realize that it is a showcase for antique fire engines, some centuries old, it makes more sense. The National Historical Fire Foundation, the museum’s full name, opened in 1961 and contains retired firefighting equipment from around the world.

► There is a real London Bridge in Arizona! London’s original 600 year old bridge was replaced by a second bridge, finished in 1831. However, this “new” bridge soon developed stability issues and another new bridge was needed once again. It was decided that this second bridge should be sold. In 1968, Robert McCulloch, an American, bought the bridge for $2,460,000 and had it transported to its current location at Lake Havasu.

Meteor Crater [3]
Meteor Crater [3]

Meteor Crater, formerly known as the Canyon Diablo Crater and still called Barringer Crater by some, is located near Flagstaff. The crater was created 50,000 years ago when a meteor struck the earth at approximately 28,000 miles per hour, producing a hole in the ground 550 feet deep. It is said to be the best preserved impact site of a meteor on earth. Interestingly enough, scientists believed for years that the hole had been created by volcanic activity.


There are thirteen different species of rattlesnakes in Arizona, more than in any other state!


Antelope Canyon [4]
Antelope Canyon [4]

► Arizona’s desert landscape is unique from all other states. Its plants and animals live in a harsh environment not found anywhere else in the country. For those wanting to learn more about the habitats found in Arizona, there is the world renown Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum in Tucson. An amazing combination of zoo, botanical garden, art gallery, natural history museum and aquarium, it is home to 1,200 varieties of plants and more than 230 animal species with every effort made to create exhibits representing their natural habitats.

► Antelope Canyon is a slot canyon located on Navajo land near Page. It is divided into two sections, Upper and Lower. Both sections are famous for their amazing sandstone formations created by years of flash floods gouging their way into the earth. The Canyon's incredible color and lighting has long been an attraction for both sightseers and photographers.

Where to Find Those Interesting Places in Arizona

Grand Canyon National Park - Grand Canyon, AZ:

get directions

Hall of Flame - Phoenix, AZ:

get directions

London Bridge - Lake Havasu City, AZ:

get directions

Meteor Crater - Winslow, AZ:

get directions

Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum - Tucson, AZ:

get directions

Antelope Canyon - Page, AZ:

get directions

And You Know You're From Arizona When . . .

You've been burned in the summer by your car handle, seatbelt buckle, and/or steering wheel . . . and you know you should NEVER pick up loose change on your dashboard.

You know that the best parking spaces are the shady ones . . . no matter how far they are from the door.

You think 100°F is "a little warm" and 60°F is “freezing.”

You know that in the summer, the water coming out of the cold tap is likely to be hotter than the water coming out of the hot tap.

Bridges and “rivers” are not associated with water . . . until Monsoon Season.

You are well aware that asphalt has a liquid state.

You don't think that it's strange for it be after 10:00 p.m., pitch black and still over 100°F.

You don't even own an umbrella.

Check out these Arizona Hubs by other Hubbers!

Photo Credits:

[1] Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

[2] By TUBS, CC-BY-SA-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

[3] Wikipedia Public Domain, via Wikimedia Commons

[4] By Luca Galuzzi, CC BY-SA-2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

[5] By Mark Wagner, CC-BY-2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

[6] By Stan Shebs, GFDL, CC-BY-3.0 or CC-BY-2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

[7] By Ehiris, GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC-BY-2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

[8] By Vivipro, CC-BY-3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

[9] By chensiyuan, GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0, via Wikimedia Commons

[10] By col + tasha, CC-BY-2.0, via Foter


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)