ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Dark Tourism: Vacations For Those Obsessed With Death

Updated on August 20, 2013
Skulls on display at Choeung Ek, the Cambodian Killing Fields.
Skulls on display at Choeung Ek, the Cambodian Killing Fields. | Source

Millions of people travel yearly for family vacations to such places as amusement parks, beaches and the mountains but some travelers opt for more somber, if not macabre settings for their family getaways. For centuries, people have traveled to visit the places where their ancestors have been laid to rest, but this migration to places of death is relatively recent.

Dark tourism is defined by Wikipedia as 'travel to places associated with death and tragedy.' Also called black tourism, grief tourism or death tourism, these sites are usually places with major historical significance. Thanatourism is a term usually more associated with violent death, including execution sties and dungeons. These terms also encompass sites such as battlefields, institutions like former prisons or sanitariums and even sites of major disasters.

Dark tourism officially became a subject of scientific study in 1996, when professors at the Glasgow Caledonian University in Scotland coined the term and many people have delved into the obsession with death sites over the last several years.

All these years later, folks are still fascinated with Charles Manson.
All these years later, folks are still fascinated with Charles Manson. | Source

Why the Fascination with Death?

Since the dawn of time, humans have had a fascination with death. It represents the unknown, and our own mortality is something that nearly all of us fear. Thousands of years ago, Egyptians mummified their dead as a 'leg up' into the afterlife, and entire religions have been built around the concepts of heaven and hell, the two places one might end up when they die.

In modern times, it seems as if death is everywhere and we are more desensitized to it now than ever. It's nearly impossible to turn on the evening news without hearing of some atrocity committed in a far off land, or even murders around the corner from our homes. Many people are disturbed by the recent atrocities in Darfur, and it seems as if the world turns itself upside down whenever a beloved celebrity passes away. Many people are also fascinated by people who cause death, namely serial killers, and those who either intentionally or inadvertently cause the deaths of their own followers, like David Koresh and the Branch Davidians. Charles Manson has held the fascination of the public ever since he was first mentioned as a possible person of interest in the Tate-La Bianca murders in 1969.

It's estimated that about 150,000 people die on this planet every day. So, death is everywhere.


The Tower of London - White Tower
The Tower of London - White Tower | Source

Popular Dark Tourism Sites

Though there are thousands of places in this world that can be considered dark tourist sites, these are the most popular.

The United States

  • The World Trade Center - The site of the terrorist attack in New York on September 11, 2001, the WTC or "Ground Zero" as it is referred to, has attracted millions of visitors since the event. Though tourists aren't really allowed at the Pentagon, the site near Shanksville, PA where flight 93 crashed also received a lot of visitors.
  • Alcatraz Island - An infamous prison in the San Francisco bay that housed some of the worst of the worst criminals in American history, Alcatraz does see many visitors every year, usually in the form of boating cruises.
  • Gettysburg - The site of one of the bloodiest battles of the US Civil War, Gettysburg is also the setting for President Abraham Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address. It is estimated that the combined US and Confederate forces lost over 50,000 brave souls in three days of fighting. Gettysburg receives millions of visitors yearly.

Europe:

  • The Tower of London - Receiving hundreds of thousands of visitors yearly, the Tower of London was the site of many brutal executions of famous people and royals.
  • Chernobyl - Though access to the site of the 1986 nuclear disaster in the Ukraine is restricted, there are plenty of people who want to visit.
  • Auschwitz - The death camps run by the Nazis during World War II have been big tourist draws for decades. Modern museums with media displays now explain to visitors the sad history of the concentration camps.

Asia:

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park - Located on the site of the H-bomb's 1941 detonation, Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park is a memorial to the Japanese lives lost in World War II. A bell sounds at 8:15 every morning to mark the time of the explosion.
  • Choeng Ek Killing Fields - Located in Cambodia, the Choeng Ek Killing Fields, with the addition of Security Office 21, these installations memorialize those innocent civilians who were murdered during the years or the reign of the Khmer Rouge. Also part of the Khmer Rouge tourism business in Cambodia is the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum.

Africa:

  • The Slave Castles - Located in Ghana, Cape Coast Castle and Elmina Castle figured prominently in the slave trade. These places were considered the "gates of no return," because the people who were held here were to be transported across the oceans to become slaves.

Life, Death and Time - painting by Philippe de Champaigne
Life, Death and Time - painting by Philippe de Champaigne | Source

Is Dark Tourism Exploitation?

Though some people say that dark tourism is a part of human nature, others suggest that it's exploitative. Many do not agree with attractions that are established at these sites with the purpose of profit, that there should be no one gaining from others' suffering. It is argued that people who run these sites are preying on the emotions of the travelers who come to visit, selling them trinkets and t-shirts when they are paying an emotional visit to a historic place.

It has been noted that, at Ground Zero in New York, the increased tourist traffic since the 9/11 Memorial was opened has also brought out more memorabilia peddlers.

Regardless of the attractions, amenities and merchandise, though, people will likely never stop visiting these sites. And, as long as there are tin-pot dictators who commit mass murder and, as long as natural disasters, accidents and wars are happening, the number of dark sites will continue to rise.

Interesting Documentary About Dark Tourism

© 2012 Georgianna Lowery

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • kalinin1158 profile image

      Lana ZK 2 years ago from California

      I like dark history. I've visited my share of execution sites, ancient prisons and other places of that nature, and I've written about it a couple of times. I think it's human nature to seek out the dark; how else would we know the light?

      I do agree that sometimes these places, once they become tourist attractions, somehow become...sacrilegious in a way, or appear to be profiting from a tragedy, like the Civil Rights Museum at the site of MLK assassination that makes lots of money for the city of Memphis.

      But if you know history, you know it's full of tragedies of every kind. You can't take a single step without encountering some horrible thing that happened in the past. And i think we should acknowledge that. Great hub!

    • profile image

      Lee Cloak 2 years ago

      Great hub, very interesting places, thanks, voted up, Lee

    • Georgie Lowery profile image
      Author

      Georgianna Lowery 4 years ago from Lubbock, TX

      sunilkunnoth2012:

      It does seem kind of creepy, doesn't it? Thank you for stopping by! :)

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 4 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Oh terrible. But you have presented this dark story in an interesting way. Thank you for sharing such unknown stories. Voted up.

    • Georgie Lowery profile image
      Author

      Georgianna Lowery 4 years ago from Lubbock, TX

      tanveerbadyari:

      I think trying to figure out why people do the things they do is interesting as all get out! Thank you for the comment! :)

    • tanveerbadyari profile image

      tanveerbadyari 4 years ago

      interesting hub enjoyed reading it, I didn't know this form of tourism existed in world. it is amazing to see weird interests of travelers.

    • Georgie Lowery profile image
      Author

      Georgianna Lowery 5 years ago from Lubbock, TX

      holdmycoffee,

      There are a bunch of different terms for it, but dark tourism and thanatourism are the most used. There are some people who primarily seek out these sites. I don't know if it's due to morbid curiosity or if they're just, well, off.

    • holdmycoffee profile image

      holdmycoffee 5 years ago

      Very interesting article. However, calling it dark tourism makes traveling to such sites sound bad. I enjoy history. And as sad as it it is, human history includes many war and destructions. So, for me to visit one of these sites would not be "dark" it would be educational and thought-provoking.

    • Georgie Lowery profile image
      Author

      Georgianna Lowery 5 years ago from Lubbock, TX

      Thank you for your comment, Mary!

      I agree, the mystery of death will always draw people.

    • maryhoneybee profile image

      maryhoneybee 5 years ago from Richmond, Virginia

      Interesting! Death is a mystery, and people like mystery. I prefer to think people aren't gore vultures, but instead are showing an innocent interest and, hopefully, respect for these kinds of sites. Good article!