ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Francois Marie Arouet De Voltaire French Writer And Philosopher

Updated on October 18, 2009
Statue of Voltaire
Statue of Voltaire
Voltaire was once on the 10 Franc Note
Voltaire was once on the 10 Franc Note

Want More About Voltaire

Francois Marie Arouet de VOLTAIRE French writer and philosopher


Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire French writer and philosopher of the Enlightenment, Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire promoted the ideas of civil and religious liberty that helped to inspire both the American and French revolutions.

Following a classical education he disregarded his father’s wishes and pursued a literary and philosophical career in Paris. In 1725 he moved to England where he began to formulate his own beliefs. These beliefs centered on the principles of freedom of thought, respect for others, and that writers should produce works concerned with the social and political issues of the day. He returned to France in 1729 and became the lover of Gabrielle Emilie de Breteuil. Together they spent the next 20 years studying science and Newtonian physics.

Gabrielle died in 1749 and Voltaire traveled to Prussia, leaving there in 1753. He then moved to Switzerland, near the French border, where he continued writing philosophical and dramatic works, including his literary masterpiece “Candide.” He also established a scientific workshop and, remaining true to his ideals, set up a refuge for Protestants.

NOVEMBER 21, 1694

Born Francois Marie Arouet, to Francois Arouet, a lawyer, and his wife, Marie Marguerite Daumart.

1703 12 Following the death of his mother, is educated at Jesuit College in Paris.

1713 Defies his father’s wishes and chooses a career in literature. Dispatched by his father to work in the French Embassy at the Hague.

1715 – 17 Writes lampoons of the duke of Orleans, regent for Louis XV, and is imprisoned in the Bastille for a year.

1718 Changes name to Voltaire. Adapts the ancient play “Oedipus,” which is performed on the stage in Paris.

1725 Feuds with the chevalier de Rohan and is imprisoned for a short time. Flees to England upon release.

1726 – 29 In England, formalizes ideas on personal liberty.

1729 – 30 Returns to France. Begins affair with Gabrielle Emilie de Breteuil, the marquise du Chatelet. (She was the first French translator of the work of Isaac Newton.)

1731 – 32 Writes “History of Charles XII” and the play “Zaire.”

1740’S Employed as court historiographer for Louis XV. Appointed “Gentleman of the King’s Bedchamber.”

SEPTEMBER 1749 Gabrielle Emilie de Breteuil dies.

1750 – 53 Resides as a special guest at the Prussian court of Frederick II (the Great). Leaves after quarreling with the king.

1751 Writes the historical work “Age of Louis XIV.”

1754 – 70’S Settles near Geneva. Starts a colony exploring a range of pursuits, from farming to watchmaking, and provides refuge for persecuted French Protestants.

1759 – 64 Writes satirical novels, including “Candide,” as well as the “Philosophical Dictionary.”

MAY 1778 Visits Paris and receives a rapturous welcome. Meets numerous dignitaries including Benjamin Franklin. Overwhelmed by the visit, he dies on May 30.

Comments on Francois Marie Arouet De Voltaire French Writer And Philosopher

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)