ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Mansfield Roller Mill

Updated on December 13, 2015
Mansfield Roller Mill
Mansfield Roller Mill

The Mansfield Roller Mill (1820) is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is one of the finest remaining examples of transitional milling in Indiana. The older mills which used stones to grind grain, produced whole wheat flour. This mill, which used rollers, produced white flour. Since white flour has the wheat germ oil removed, it has a much longer shelf life, which was important to pioneers who did not live near mills. Since whole wheat is in demand again, they now sell stone ground whole wheat flour. If you go around to the back, you will notice the mill wheel is not connected to anything. One of the recent owners decided a mill just did not look right unless it had a wheel. Power is supplied by two bucket turbines which are located under the mill. The large one produces 85 HP and the smaller one 60 HP. Bucket turbines produce power by turning water to the side, and don't need as much vertical drop as the classic water wheel. Because of this, bucket turbines were used extensively in Indiana, which is relatively flat.

The mill had many owners before it was donated to the state in 1995. One of the most noteworthy was Jacob Rohm. He enlarged the mill, converted it to rollers, and installed the two bucket turbines that are still used today. Rohm was very forward thinking, and used many of the innovations pioneered by Oliver Evans. Evans co-authored a book called The Young Mill-wright and Miller's Guide. He also came up with several inventions, including his automatic flour mill. This allowed Rohm to produce a lot of flour and cornmeal with only three people. His products were sold under the brand names Domino and Victory Flour as far away as Cincinnati, Ohio.

At one time in the 1800s there was a saw mill & carding mill as well as the grist mill operating. The town of Mansfield grew up around the mill. At its peak, the town's population was around 300. Businesses included a wagon maker, barrel maker, general store and blacksmith. Mansfield also had a church and school.

Tex Terry

The mill and some of the other buildings in town were once owned by Tex Terry, a Parke county (Coxville) native who became a star in the cowboy movies. He was known as the "Bad man of the movies" because he usually played a bad guy. Tex worked with some of the biggest names in Hollywood, including Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Audie Murphy & Alan Ladd.

His plans to make Mansfield a big tourist attraction called "Frontier City" included staging gun battles in the street, creating a fake boot hill, and constructing the small jail across the street from the mill. His big plans for Mansfield never really panned out. In 1979 he moved back to Coxville & opened Tex's Longhorn Tavern. The tavern was successful, and is still operating, now known as Rock Run Café & Bakery. A flamboyant character, Terry drove a Cadillac decorated with horns from longhorn steers and six-shooters.

Tex Terry & his Cadillac
Tex Terry & his Cadillac | Source

Mansfield Village

Although Mansfield is now home to only about twenty families, its population peaked at around 300 when the grist, saw & carding mills were humming. Businesses once included a blacksmith, barrel maker, general store & a wagon maker. Besides the mill, Mansfield is best known for its covered bridge. At 247 feet long it is the longest of the over thirty covered bridges in Parke County (the most of any county in the United States). It was built by Joseph Daniels in 1867. He migrated to Indiana in 1850 and continued to build bridges until he passed away at the age of 90. During his time in Indiana he built a grand total of 29 covered bridges. A testament to the quality of his work, 18 are still standing, all over one hundred years old.

Mansfield Covered Bridge was built in 1867.
Mansfield Covered Bridge was built in 1867. | Source

Covered Bridge Festival

Every year, starting on the second Friday in October, Parke county has a ten day festival celebrating their covered bridges. The hub for this festival is the courthouse lawn in Rockville. There are several driving routes that take you to the covered bridges in various parts of the county. On the south side of the courthouse, there is entertainment throughout the day. In the other communities of Parke county like Mansfield, there are places to visit and many items for sale. To cap off the day, I recommend taking in a performance by the Parke County Players at the Ritz Theater in Rockville (about a half block west of the courthouse). Each year the festival draws about two million visitors.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)