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Moving Rocks of Racetrack Playa

Updated on September 15, 2014

Rock Leaving Trail


The Sailing Rocks of Death Valley

Racetrack Playa is a dry lakebed located near Death Valley, California, and home to moving rocks. These rocks leave trails in the lakebed surface as they move across it, and though no one has ever seen them move, we can trace the path they have taken.

These rocks and how they move is quite a mystery, something people have been studying for a long time to try and figure out, but though the area has been studied by many people, we still don't know the exact mechanics of the rocks' locomotion though we are getting closer all the time.

Racetrack Playa Location - In comparison to LA and Las Vegas

show route and directions
A markerRacetrack Playa -
Racetrack Playa, Death Valley National Park, California, USA
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B markerLas Vegas -
Las Vegas, NV, USA
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C markerLos Angeles, California -
Los Angeles, CA, USA
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About the Moving Rocks of Racetrack

Out on Racetrack Playa, there are scattered rocks. They look oddly out of place, as though carried there by some unseen hand, but the trails left behind them tell a different story. Somehow these rocks, many quite large, have moved across the dry lake bed leaving a track behind them as they went.

Rocks Around the Playa

Rocks that have fallen to the playa
Rocks that have fallen to the playa | Source

Rock Trail


Rocks from the Hillside


Crossing Paths

Racing rocks crossing paths
Racing rocks crossing paths | Source

On a Collision Course

These two rocks seem likely to run into each other in a few years.
These two rocks seem likely to run into each other in a few years. | Source

Overview of Some of the Rocks

About Racetrack Playa

A playa is a dry lakebed.

Racetrack Playa is a cream-colored playa or dry lakebed surrounded by mountains in a little valley near Death Valley, California. It is the playa that the sliding stones move across.

Racetrack Playa is almost completely flat, though it does have the tip of the nearby bedrock sticking out at one point. That area is called the Grandstand in honor of the racing theme.

Playa Surface with Track

Sign at the Racetrack
Sign at the Racetrack

What Causes the Moving Rocks?

No one is quite certain what causes the sliding rocks of Racetrack Playa to move. There are many guesses, but most authorities on the subject agree that it has something to do with the playa surface when exposed to water, and extreme winds that go through the area occasionally.

The moving rocks need water. Since the surface of the playa is made up of fine, dry clay, when it is exposed to water each individual soil molecule is encased by water, allowing them to move against each other with very little friction. If you've ever stepped on wet clay, you may have experienced this slipperiness by falling on your butt trying to stand on the stuff. Now obviously, it takes certain amounts of water for the exact right slipperiness. Too little rain falling on the dry playa surface, and it won't get very wet. Too much rain and the water will pool up on the clay's surface. But, if just the right amount of rain falls the clay will get just the right amount of wet and perhaps be slippery enough for the rocks to slide across the surface with the right push.

The moving rocks need wind. Because of the shape of the valley where Racetrack Playa is located, it can act as a funnel and aim the winds that rush through straight at the playa. Deserts can have some extreme winds since they have little vegetation to slow it down, and the Death Valley area is no exception.

The theory is that in the right conditions, enough rain and enough wind, the slickened surface of the playa allows the rocks to slide across it when propelled by the winds.

The moving rocks may need ice. Another part of the premise is that ice may be involved. This is highly debated though. Many people think the surface area of the rocks is not enough to be propelled by the wind, unless it is distributed over a wider area than the base of the rocks themselves. They theorize that the rocks may be surrounded by ice, forming little ice rafts, and that this spreads out the weight over a wider area, allowing the wind to be able to propel them along.

Ice does in fact form in the area though it is the hottest place in the continental US during the summer, but many debate whether the ice is in fact necessary. Ice rafts would help explain why sometimes rocks next each other move in the same directions at the same time, leaving parallel scratches in the playa surface.

Racetrack Playa from the Sky


Playa and Grandstand


Racetrack Playa and the Grandstand

Racetrack Playa and Grandstand
Racetrack Playa and Grandstand | Source

Grand Pile of Rocks


Grandstand Images


The Road to Racetrack

The bumpy rocky road to Racetrack Playa in Death Valley. Starting at the Ubehebe Crater, this is an incredibly difficult 28-mile road, especially for inexperienced offroad drivers. There is a very pronounced "washboard" effect on this road, meaning there are grooves cut into the road that make it a very bumpy ride. The best strategy is to take the road slowly, somewhere in the 15 mph range.

Finally, cell phone coverage is nearly non-existent on Racetrack Road, though some say that they are able to get a signal near the Teakettle Junction area. Keep this in mind if you ever venture this way.

Racetrack Playa Road

Ubehebe Crater and Racetrack Playa Road Sign

Ubehebe Crater and Racetrack Playa Road
Ubehebe Crater and Racetrack Playa Road | Source

Be Safe on the Racetrack Playa Road

The road to Racetrack Playa is not to be undertaken lightly. It is 27 miles of washboard dirt road that can cause extreme mechanical difficulties, in a place with little cell phone service, in place where even AAA isn't in a hurry to come rescue you. A high-clearance vehicle is recommended, as well as a vehicle in good working order. It's a good idea to have at least some of the following with you:

At least one spare tire, but two is better


Tire Patch Kit

Air pump

Lots of extra water

Radiator Sealer

Tool Kit

Extra Gas

Plenty of warm blankets

Very Warm Jacket


Extra food

Gallons of Drinking Water!!!

Flat Tire on Road to Racetrack Playa

Flat tire on road to Racetrack Playa
Flat tire on road to Racetrack Playa | Source

Traveling to Racetrack Playa

The person from the picture above had quite a trip to the playa, check out his story about traveling on the road to Racetrack Playa at: click here

Teakettle Junction


Teakettle Junction

Along the way between Ubehebe Crater and Racetrack Playa is a little spot called Teakettle Junction. It's at a split in the road and features a sign that has become adorned with teakettles. It's a whimsical little spot and many of the teakettles have photos or notes inside of them.

Sunset Over Racetrack Playa

What do you think of Racetrack Playa?

5 out of 5 stars from 1 rating of Racetrack Playa

© 2009 Alisha Vargas

Reader Feedback

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    • RawBill1 profile image

      Bill 5 years ago from Gold Coast, Australia

      It is a weird phenomenon, that is for sure. I heard about this place while in Death valley recently. I did not have the time to see everything there though, so I missed this. Next time perhaps! Great job.

    • trezpazz profile image

      trezpazz 7 years ago

      Gems of a lens...very well pictorially documented.....kudos!

    • KathyMcGraw2 profile image

      Kathy McGraw 7 years ago from California

      Absolutely beautiful! I have never been to Death Valley, but this sure makes me want to go. The pictures here are great, and the teapot junction reminds me of the shoe tree in Amboy. *Blessed* by an Angel

    • AlishaV profile image

      Alisha Vargas 7 years ago from Reno, Nevada

      Nope! They aren't magnetic! Simple dolomite, one of the least magnetic rocks around. Getting out of the heat is a good idea though :D

    • LarryCoffey LM profile image

      LarryCoffey LM 7 years ago

      Perhaps those rocks just have a magnetic personality?

      Or they just can't stand the heat, so they want to get out of Hell's Kitchen?