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Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali, Mumbai; Animal life and Monuments

Updated on August 28, 2017
radhikasree profile image

Radhika is highly passionate of traveling and keen in observing things for penning them into a travel article.

Tiger Safari - caged tiger
Tiger Safari - caged tiger | Source

Mumbai, India’s financial capital is a large metropolis in the world. This big city is famous for its industries and also for the historically and culturally important subjects. Sanjay Gandhi National Park, situated in Borivali is a part of Greater Mumbai, lying on the Northern fringe of its suburbs. Spread over an area of 104 sq km, this park is a retreat to the cool lap of nature from the noisy and busy city life of Mumbai.

The park encompasses thick, evergreen forests giving life to so many wild animals and birds.The creeks Tulsi and Vihar flow through this park, adding up to the beauty of the rich green flora and fauna. Bird watching is one of the main attractions here, as it is home to so many woodland and aquatic birds. The park not only amuses a traveler with its wildlife, but also takes to a historic era of Sri Buddha, with monuments and caves carved out of rock.

Tiger Safari

We embarked on our journey to Borivali National Park under the hope that we can encounter tigers and lions very closely. But because of safety measures, the tourists are taken in a caged bus with crossed bars all over and the tigers can be watched from inside this bus only. We saw four tigers fenced in an open ground, sitting by, thinking of eating their next prey. We had great excitement and thought of taking some photographs of the wild, but it didn't work as we were caged inside the bus!!They were Indian tigers with black stripes over white body. We didn’t spot lions, but were told that there were only two lions that roamed all around the park, not caged.

Villagers staying near to this park selling guavas and mangoes are a common sight here. They cut those fruits, make them spicy and sell on the spot.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park | Source


This was rather thrilling as we could cruise through the waters watching the green filled flora and fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Several water birds such as Kingfisher and Spotbill Duck came around our way that flew to the nearby trees as we glided past. This park is home to a wide species of water birds such as Asian Openbill, Spotbill Duck, Lesser Whistling-duck, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher and Pheasant-tailed Jacana. At times, one may also come across Paradise Flycatcher, Kingfisher, Swifts, Gulls, Egrets and Herons here. Pedal boats were really amazing and the coincidence of green waters and green trees, mind-boggling. A poem came to my mind while cruising.

Boating | Source
Indian Pond Heron
Indian Pond Heron | Source

Toy train

The Park also features a 'toy train' that runs on a narrow gauge railway. A ten minutes ride in the train entertained the children who were dancing as the train started moving. Flocks of spotted deer were seen on one side inside a big fencing during this ride.

Hornbills and woodpeckers were sitting on the branches of trees to welcome us. Several land birds such as Magpies, Jungle Owlets, Hornbills, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Great Hornbill, Indian Grey Hornbill, Racket-Tailed Drongos, Bronzed Drongo, Ashy Drongo, Minivets, Robins, Peacock, Golden Orioles, Sunbirds, Grey Junglefowl, Indian Peafowl, Painted Francolin, Emerald Dove, Malabar Trogon and Black-hooded Oriole can be spotted while watching birds. Monkeys were seen running and climbing up the trees, grabbing the eatables that we had.

Deers in SGNP
Deers in SGNP | Source
Monkey in SGNP
Monkey in SGNP | Source

Canhary Caves

Canhary Caves
Canhary Caves | Source

These monuments are a part of archaeological survey of India, sculpted out of rocks on the top of a hill. As we reached the bottom of it, the caves were seen like home to gods, perfect for meditation. They were the cells of Buddhist monks called ‘viharas’ who spread the teachings of Sri Buddha in India.

Chamber in Canhary caves
Chamber in Canhary caves | Source

The entrance to this colossal cave is a porch surrounded by pillars leading to a number of chambers, home to monks. Climbing to reach the cells was not an easy task that raised our eyebrows to how they lived in such dark and narrow cells.

The caves spread to a wide extent and as we proceeded, we came across a big Stupa or shrine with standing pictures of Sri Buddha carved out of the walls behind it. A rocky verandah was near to it, which seemed as a place of chat for the monks. Beyond that, further up is a prayer hall where Buddhists offered prayers to their god.

Stupa | Source
Prayer hall
Prayer hall | Source

The Canhary Caves were a well-organized Buddhist establishment meant for pilgrimage and study center. As it is situated in between the trade routes, it was a travel inn for traders and travelers in the ancient period.

A visit to Sanjay Gandhi National Park fills the day with lots of amusements and experiences. History and Geography make up these rocky monuments of elegance.

Would you like to visit Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

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Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali

show route and directions
A markerSanjay Gandhi National Park -
Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400066, India
get directions

B markerCanhary Caves -
Kanheri Caves, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400066, India
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© 2012 Radhika Sreekanth


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    • radhikasree profile image

      Radhika Sreekanth 2 years ago from Mumbai,India

      Dear Darshan,

      Very sorry for replying back so late. Nice to hear that you too have written a hub on this topic. Thank you very much.

    • Darshan Vartak profile image

      Darshan 2 years ago

      A very interesting narration of both the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Kanheri caves, Radhika. I visited the place few months back and posted about my visit on my first ever hub. Then I was trying to look for similar blogs or hubs and stumbled upon yours. I really liked the way you have organized your hub, great job.

    • radhikasree profile image

      Radhika Sreekanth 4 years ago from Mumbai,India

      Thanks Vellur for reading and for commenting. You are always welcome to Mumbai.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 4 years ago from Dubai

      Interesting and informative hub. These parks are monuments are great and I hope to visit someday.

    • radhikasree profile image

      Radhika Sreekanth 4 years ago from Mumbai,India

      Thanks Eddy! I'm so glad that you found it interesting!

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 4 years ago from Wales

      Interesting ,useful and very interesting.


    • radhikasree profile image

      Radhika Sreekanth 6 years ago from Mumbai,India

      Thanks Dishant for stopping by and passing a comment.

    • profile image

      Dishant 6 years ago

      This is a were nice information

    • radhikasree profile image

      Radhika Sreekanth 6 years ago from Mumbai,India

      Thank you so much Peggy for visiting my hub and making a comment. I'm so glad that you liked this hub. We often visit this park as a getaway or even for a meditation. Thanks for following me and for all kinds of votes.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

      What an interesting hub! Thank you for sharing the beautiful Sanjay Gandhi National Park with us through your descriptions and photos. Truly enjoyed this! You have a new follower and voting this up, useful, interesting and beautiful.