ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

See The Desert View Watchtower At The Grand Canyon

Updated on August 26, 2015
Readmikenow profile image

I like to find unique stories about people, places, and things in the world.

Desert View Watchtower At The Grand Canyon
Desert View Watchtower At The Grand Canyon

When people visit the eastern edge of the Grand Canyon National Park, they are treated to a spectacular view of the canyon. It's possible to see where the Colorado River begins moving north. This is an area where people can witness the Painted Desert stretch outward to the Hopi and Navajo Reservations. Contained within this panoramic view is a stunning circular stone structure that stands approximately 70 feet tall. It is set on the canyon's South Rim. The structure was constructed with reddish sandstone and is the highest building in the South Rim area of the canyon. Some people assume it is an ancient Native American ruin. It is actually a modern building, and its creation was well-planned. It was made by Fred Harvey Company and designed by architect Mary Colter. The building is called the Desert View Watchtower.

Desert View Watchtower Base
Desert View Watchtower Base


The Desert View Watchtower is a four-story structure that was constructed in 1932. The Fred Harvey Company built it as well as a number of other buildings in the Grand Canyon area. The Desert View Watchtower is considered a combination of a tourist attraction as well as museum of Hopi symbolism and culture. The structure consists of round coursed masonry. The tower rises from a rubble base. The base was made to create the appearance of being ancient ruins where a previous old structure stood. It is designed to be part of a large circle within the northern part of the tower. It has small windows that are sporadically placed around the walls. Many of them were designed with unusual shapes. There is a structure separate from the Desert Watchtower that also has the appearance of being ruins. It is where firewood for the building is stored.

Kiva Room Desert View Watchtower
Kiva Room Desert View Watchtower

Kiva Room

The main space within the Desert View Watchtower is the Kiva Room. It is located in the base of the structure and has a roof made with logs brought in from the old Grandview Hotel. The ceiling is a false structure. It was designed to hide the supports for the nearby observation deck. There is a fireplace in the Kiva Room. It also has a huge picture window above the area where a chimney has been constructed. When the fireplace is used, the smoke is drawn out through a flue that is concealed. The furnishings in the Kiva Room are originals.

Staircase At Desert View Watchtower
Staircase At Desert View Watchtower

The Tower

The portion of the structure that is the tower moves upward and is lined by a circular balcony and stairs. It is designed to enable people at different levels to view the central space below as they climb the stairs. The circular stairs provide people access to the tower's balcony. The top of the tower is a covered deck that creates an enclosed observation area. It has big glazed windows that provide an impressive view of the Grand Canyon. At one time, the very top of the tower roof was an open observation area. It is now closed to visitors. This area of the tower is currently utilized for radio equipment. Some of the decorations within the tower are stunning murals painted by artist Fred Kabotie. There are a number of other petroglyph-style decorations on the tower that were done by Fred Greer. There are also windows on the tower's shaft designed to permit beams of light to travel into the lower part of the structure. The tower also has black mirrors designed to reflect the views of the Grand Canyon called reflectoscopes. These provide views of the canyon that enable visitors to see an alternate appearance of the Grand Canyon.

Mary Colter On Right
Mary Colter On Right

Mary Colter (1869 - 1958)

Colter had a fascination with Native American cultures. She spent six months observing and studying indigenous buildings and construction techniques. Colter noted the many natural materials they used when creating a structure. She would carefully examine ancient ruins on the Pueblo reservation. Colter also made an effort to learn as much as possible about the Hopi culture. All of these experiences influenced Colter when she began to design the Desert View Watchtower. Archeologist spent decades studying the ancient ruins in the region. The structures they studied appeared to be fortresses with lookout towers. Some archeologists even thought they could be buildings used for ancient astronomy. There is no proof a structure that looked liked the Desert View Watchtower ever stood in the Grand Canyon. Mary Colter believed the rim of the canyon was the best place for this type of building. It was not made as a replica of any previous building. It is Mary Colter's interpretation of the building design and culture of the Native American peoples living in the southwestern United States.

Artist Fred Kabotie
Artist Fred Kabotie

Fred Kabotie (1900 - 1986)

He was a native American artist born into a traditional Hopi family. Kabotie's name in the Hopi language was Naqavo'ma. This is translated into English as “the sun coming up day after day.” He was a member of the Bluebird Clan. When he was a child, Kabotie used pieces of coal and pigments from the earth to draw images onto rock surfaces. He got fifty cents for selling his first painting to a school carpentry teacher. Mary Colter paid Kabotie a commission to paint the murals in the Desert View Watchtower. After this, Kabotie taught painting at a high school for the next 22 years. He was also an official adviser to the Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939. It took place in the city of San Francisco.

Historic District

Large sections of the tower have a relatively smooth finish. In places, this finish is broken up by slightly larger stones protruding from the wall surface. Fenestration in the tower is tiny windows with irregular shapes. The observation area at the top of the structure is where large trapezoids of plate glass allow the viewer to see the surrounding Grand Canyon countryside in all directions. Colter's careful massing of forms is what added more architectural emphasis to the tower. The Desert View Watchtower was designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1987. It was made part of the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.

Desert View Watchtower At Dusk
Desert View Watchtower At Dusk


The exterior of the Desert View Watchtower is noted for it's stonework. It consists of a number of uncoursed stone rubble in the bottom area. Above this is coursed sandstone made into decorative patterns. These patterns are constructed with triangular stones. There are also bands of different colored masonry on the tower that create an interesting visual depiction of depth. Mary Colter was able to effectively mass different forms. This made the tower into a structure with architectural significance.

Interior Of Desert View Watchtower
Interior Of Desert View Watchtower

Visitor Contact Information




Grand Canyon Village, AZ 86023


P.O. Box 399

Grand Canyon, AZ 86023


928 638-2481

Toll-Free Number in the United States 800-858-2808

Location Of Desert View Watchtower

Grand Canyon Village, AZ 86023:
Grand Canyon Village, AZ 86023, USA

get directions


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)