ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Portuguese dolmen-chapels and other boulder buildings

Updated on January 15, 2017
Introduction

The house of one tile

Source
A
Monsanto, portugal:
6060 Monsanto, Portugal

get directions

Stone Houses

Human beings have been repurposing buildings since the beginning of civilization for a lot of reasons as the one of being pratical to convert existing structures into new ones in order not to have so much construction work.

All around the world we can find buildings created from grottos and rocks and large boulders. In Portugal you can also find some good examples like in Monsanto, a village built upon in a fusion of nature and its landforms, around the 16th Century. This fusion can be seen in the uses of caves and rocks being converted into construction parts. One of the houses is “the house with only one tile.” because a single slab of rock covers entirely the house.

Architectural Design Stone House in Portugal
Source

Casa do Penedo, Modern Stone House in Portugal

Casa do Penedo, also known as Stone Castle or a Stone House, is an architectural monument located between Celorico de Basto and Fafe, in northern Portugal. Casa do Penedo is translated in English as House of the Rock. It received its name because it was built from four large boulders that serve as the foundation, walls and ceiling of the house.

Its construction began in 1972 and lasted about two years until its completion in 1974. The residence was initially used by the owners as a holiday destination. Today, Casa de Penedo is a small museum of relics and photographs from Penedo’s history.

The building is located near a wind electricity farm, although there is no electricity inside the house itself. Due to its unusual design and integration into the surrounding nature, the building has become a growing tourist attraction.

Dolmen To Chapel

The Christianised Portuguese Dolmens 


The word 'Dol-men' originates from two Breton words meaning 'Stone - table'. Megalithic monument refers to monumental architecture built between about 6,000 and 4,000 years ago in Europe, during the Neolithic and Bronze ages. Usually build as tombs, they had multiple functions as they were used by different cultural societies and frequently added to or simply modified for reuse by subsequent generations.

Conquerors and evangelizers understood the efficiency and the power of reusing temples and other buildings that had already been infused with meaning.
For instance, in the Roman Catholic Church, in a letter of 601 AD (recorded by the venerable Bede in his History of the English Church and People), Pope Gregory the Great explains:


…we have been giving careful thought to the affairs of the English, and have come to the conclusion that the temples of the idols among that people should on no account be destroyed. The idols are to be destroyed, but the temples themselves are to be aspersed with holy water, altars to be set up in them, and relics deposited there.

That's why it's not difficult to understand that megalithic monuments could be easily converted into religious buildings as prove these dolmen-chapels around Portugal, a country well known for it's religious and megalithic history.

Photos, Location and Links
 

Dolmen Sao Dinis, Pavia

Source
A
Pavia, portugal:
7490 Pavia, Portugal

get directions

It was probably erected between the 4th and 3rd millennium B.C., and constitutes nowadays one of the most important megalithic monuments in Portuguese territory. It is formed of granite stones and measures around 4,30 meters in diameter and 3,30 meters high.
The dolmen was transformed into a Chapel during the 17th century

Chapel of São Brissos

Source
A
Chapel of Sao Brissos Évora, Portugal::
São Brissos, 7050, Portugal

get directions

About 350 years ago this Neolithic dolmen was converted into a small Catholic Chapel known as Chapel of São Brissos Cromlech. Dolmens, sacred monuments made of standing stones capped with a top stone, appear throughout Western Europe, but rarely, if ever, have they been converted to new use in such a way.

The Anta-Capela of Alcobertas

Source
A
Alcobertas portugal:
2040-015 Alcobertas, Portugal

get directions

The Anta-Capela of Alcobertas is a christianized dolmen turned into a chapel. This converted megalithic monument can be found inside the Igreja de Santa Maria Madalena(Church of Saint Mary Magdalene) or Igreja Paroquial, located in Alcobertas, Rio Maior, in the Santarém district. The access is made from inside the church.

Dolmen Chapel of the Lord of the mountain, Penedono

Source
A
Penedono, Portugal:
3630 Penedono, Portugal

get directions

The Dolmen-Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Monte, was declared a National Monument on December 1961. The dolmen has a polygonal chamber of seven or nine mainstays and a long corridor and was used, in the Midle Ages to build a chapel.

It is one of the rare cases of Christianized dolmens in Portugal.

Just a question..
 

Because I'm curious..

Do you know any of these odd chapels?

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)