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Travel the Oregon Trail: Nebraska

Updated on July 7, 2011
Chimney Rock, by sscornelius
Chimney Rock, by sscornelius

Between 1841 and 1869, an estimated 400,000 pioneers travelled the 2,000 mile Oregon Trail from its starting point in Independence, Missouri to the Oregon Territory. What was a difficult and often deadly four to six month trip for the pioneers can today be completed in a week or less. Following the Oregon Trail by car is a great educational opportunity for families and history enthusiasts.

The state of Nebraska hosts one of the longest stretches of the trail, as well as many famous landmarks. This article describes some of the highlights, as well as a few suggested side trips.

Map of Oregon Trail Sites in Nebraska

A
Rock Creek Station State Historical Park:
Rock Creek Station State Historical Park, Fairbury, NE 68352, USA

get directions

B
Denton, NE:
Denton, NE, USA

get directions

Spring Creek Prairie is located 3 miles south of Denton, NE.

C
Fort Kearney State Historical Park:
Fort Kearney State Historical Park, Kearney, NE 68847, USA

get directions

D
Ash Hollow State Historical Park:
Ash Hollow State Historical Park, Lewellen, NE 69147, USA

get directions

E
Courthouse Rock:
Courthouse Rock, Bridgeport, NE 69336, USA

get directions

F
Chimney Rock:
Chimney Rock, Bayard, NE 69334, USA

get directions

G
Scotts Bluff National Monument:
Scotts Bluff National Monument, Gering, NE 69341, USA

get directions

H
Gering, NE:
Gering, NE, USA

get directions

Robidoux Pass is located about 9 miles west of Gering.

I
Buffalo Bill Ranch:
Buffalo Bill Ranch State Park, North Platte, NE 69101, USA

get directions

Following the Oregon Trail through Nebraska: Southeast

If you're travelling east to west, as the pioneers did, a great starting point for your Oregon Trail trip through Nebraska is Rock Creek Station State Historical Park in Southeastern Nebraska. A Pony Express and stagecoach station, Rock Creek also serviced many pioneers heading west, and the park is home to trail ruts and pioneer graves, as well as reconstructed buildings and historical exhibits. Rock Creek is also the site of the infamous gunfighter Wild Bill Hickok's first kill.

An interesting side detour in this area is Homestead National Monument, which commemorates the Homestead Act of 1862, and has many interesting exhibits relating to the prairie pioneers.

Nature lovers may appreciate a trip to the National Audubon Society's Spring Creek Prairie near Denton, which offers wagon ruts as well as 400 acres of native tallgrass prairie, wetlands, and bur oak savannah, with hiking trails.

After Rock Creek, the trail passes by several massacre sites and graves, including the grave of 23 year old Susan Hail near Kenesaw. Hail died of cholera in 1852 and her grief-stricken husband returned to Independence to purchase a tombstone for her grave, which he carted back in a wheelbarrow to place over his wife's resting spot. Many later immigrants commented on the grave in their journals.

Following the Oregon Trail Through Nebraska: Central

En route to the next big stop, Fort Kearny, you may wish to make a detour to Grand Island to visit the fascinating living history museum, Stuhr Museum of the Prairie Pioneer. For those headed to the Black Hills of South Dakota, Grand Island is gateway to Nebraska Highway 2 through the Sandhills and on to the Paha Sapa themselves. Birding enthusiasts may also wish to take note that Grand Island is considered one of the best birding spots in the world.

The highlight of the Oregon Trail in central Nebraska is the Fort Kearny State Historical Park. Fort Kearny was the first fort built specifically to protect the pioneers along the Oregon Trail. The fort was crudely built - it was said that snakes often passed through gaps in the sod walls of the buildings - but it was nevertheless a major stopping point along the trail, where many pioneers rested and purchased food and other supplies. In late May at the height of the trail's popularity as many as 2,000 pioneers might pass through in a single day.

(Note: Fort Kearny should not be confused with Fort Phil Kearny in Wyoming, the site of the Fetterman Massacre.)

After Kearney, a couple side short side trips worth visiting are the Pony Express Station and Sod House Museum in Gothenberg, and the Buffalo Bill Ranch State Historical Park and Recreation Area near North Platte.

Scotts Bluff, by Kevin Saff
Scotts Bluff, by Kevin Saff

Following the Oregon Trail Through Nebraska: Western

At Ogallala, it's time to leave I-80 and start heading northwest on Highway 26 instead. Beach lovers and water sports enthusiasts may want to pay a visit to Lake McConaughy, Nebraska's largest lake, which offers over 100 miles of shoreline and countless hours of recreational bliss.

Not far from McConaughy's western shore is our next stop on the trail: Ash Hollow and Windlass Hill. Though the presence of an actual windlass on Windlass Hill remains disputed, there's no doubt it was a tricky spot for wagon trains. Deep ruts still remain on the hill's steep sides. At the bottom of the hill was a sweet, clear spring, one of the only ones the pioneers had encountered for weeks.

Ash Hollow is also near the site of an important river crossing for the pioneers. The Platte River Crossing (or California Crossing), as it was known, was one of the easiest spots to cross from the southern to the northern banks of the Platte River because the river was often only 1-2 feet deep at this point, though it could be as much as 2 miles wide.

Further west on Highways 26 and 92 are some of the most famous landmarks of the trail: Courthouse and Jailhouse Rocks near Bridgeport, and Chimney Rock, which is basically in the middle of nowhere. All are easily visible from the road, but it is possible to get closer. Many modern travellers are unimpressed by Chimney Rock in particular, but it is worth remembering that the rock was over 100 feet taller during the time of the pioneers, and that many pioneers had never before seen rocky outcrops of this sort, if any at all.

The next stop along the trail is Scotts Bluff National Monument, another impressive pile of rock looming above the otherwise relatively flat shortgrass prairies of the Nebraska Panhandle. The bluff was named for Hiram Scott, a fur trader who was abandoned at the base by his companions due to illness, and is believed to have died there.

A final stop for Oregon Trail enthusiasts in Nebraska is Robidoux Pass, near Gering, which includes an authentic reproduction of a trading post operated by the Robidoux family, including Joseph Robidoux II for whom St. Joseph, Missouri is named. It was a popular stopping point for pioneers following the trail.

From here, you can continue following the trail through Wyoming. A few interesting side trips in the area include Agate Fossil Beds and Lake Minatare. You can also head north to Chadron, Fort Robinson State Park, and the Black Hills.

For a more complete listing of Oregon Trail sites in Nebraska, please visit this page.

Western Trails Scenic Byway

Comments

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    • profile image

      meg 

      5 years ago

      can you do this today in a covered wagon?

    • liquidgranite profile image

      liquidgranite 

      7 years ago

      I like the video. One vote up.

    • profile image

      sean 

      7 years ago

      thanx for this info it really helped me

    • WannaB Writer profile image

      Barbara Radisavljevic 

      7 years ago from Templeton, CA

      We followed part of the Oregon Trail on our way home from Massachusetts in 1989, but we saw mostly what was in Wyoming. We did get to Scott's Bluff. Our kids had read a lot about the Oregon Trail and were eager to see the places they had read about.

    • GusTheRedneck profile image

      Gustave Kilthau 

      8 years ago from USA

      KerryG - The article was very informative and the map useful, but the pix of Chimney Rock and Scotts Bluff were really enjoyable. Thanks.

      Gus :-)))

    • Bernard LSH profile image

      Bernard LSH 

      8 years ago from Singapore

      very informative. Thanks.

    • lanealanea profile image

      lanealanea 

      8 years ago from Orange County, California

      I lived in Nebraska. This is a great hub!

    • profile image

      Vacation Rentals at Lake of the Ozarks 

      8 years ago

      Never traveled the Oregon Trail. Your hub is very informative and the pictures are great!

    • knowledgeispower profile image

      knowledgeispower 

      8 years ago

      Great constructed hub on the Oregon trails of Nebraska.

      George

      https://hubpages.com/travel/Best-10-Tips-for-Findi...

    • profile image

      TheSandman 

      9 years ago

      I have traveled a lot in my life and would do it constantly if I could. Your Hub has just taken me on a great trip and perhaps someday I will make it for real. Thanks for the Journey.

    • kerryg profile imageAUTHOR

      kerryg 

      9 years ago from USA

      My family did when I was about 11 or 12 - it was great fun! I'm planning to do it with my kids when they're a little older and can appreciate it more.

      And I agree about Lake McConaughy, though my husband managed to dump us in the lake once. I haven't been with him on anything smaller than a ferry boat since. :P

    • Ralph Deeds profile image

      Ralph Deeds 

      9 years ago from Birmingham, Michigan

      Nice hub. I'd like to follow the trail some day. Lake McConaghy is a great lake for sailing. Deep water and plenty of wind. My mother and her parents and siblings traveled by covered wagon from Kansas City around 1905 and homesteaded near Seneca.

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