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Travel to Pattadakkal - A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Updated on September 26, 2014

Pattadakkal- A World Heritage site

Pattadakal is a small village in North Karnataka, situated on the banks of the River Malaprabha, in the District of Bijapur. Pattadakkal is renowned for its beautiful and ancient temples built by mighty Chalukya Dynasty.Pattadakal is one of the World Heritage Sites of India. It is also one of the important tourist destinations of Karnataka.

Pattadakal was the second most important city of the Chalukyas and it was used as the site of royal ceremonies like coronations.

Temples of Pattadakkal

The kings of Chalukya Dynasty were great lovers of art and architecture. They built a group of 8 temples in the Pattadakkal complex - Sangameshwara, Virupaksha, Mallikarjuna, Chandrasekhara (all built in the southern Dravida Vimana style), Kadasiddeshwara, Jambulinga, Galaganatha, and Kasivisveshwara (the last 4 built in the northern Rekhanagara Prasada style). 

These temples are built using local red sandstone.  The immediate difference one can notice in the styles is the gopuram. The southern style gopuram is shorter, broader at the base, and squat. In the case of northern style gopuram is that they are taller and better proportioned. On a detailed look one can notice the difference in architecture.  In the southern style, the temples are richly carved, both inside and out, whereas the northern style temples have plain outer walls, with only an occasional carving.



Virupaksha Temple at Pattadakkal

Virupaksha Temple is facing east, and is still a living temple. You can see a huge statue of Nandi greeting you at the entrance.

This tempdle was built by Lokamahadevi, the Queen of Vikaramaditya II in about A.D.740 to commemorate her husband’s victory over the Pallavas of Kanchipuram. It has a resemblance of Kailashanatha Temple at Kanchipuram on plan and elevation. You can see two small shrines for Ganesa and Mahishamardini facing each other in the front.

It is also one of the most richly carved temples in the complex with beautifully proportioned. The 18 pillars in the temple has intricately sculpted murals depicting scenes from the puranas like Ramayana and Mahabharata, in each of them.

The temples in the complex are under Archaeological Survey of India and are well maintained.

Sangameshwara Temple

Sangameshwara temple the oldest temple in Pattadakal, it was built by King Vijayaditya ( 696-733 AD). Ugranarasimha, Nataraja sculptures are seen on the outer wall


Dance Festival at Pattadakkal

Every year during the first quarter (January or February) Pattadakal celebrates the annual dance festival also called the Chalukya Utsava.

Aihole - Located close to Pattadakkal, this temple city is famous as the 'Cradle of Indian Temple Architecture'.

Aihole has over 125 temples, all intricately carved and rich in detail. The oldest temple here, is perhaps the 5th century Lad Khan Temple. The Durga (Fort) Temple has a semi-circular apse and a complete portico.


Reaching Pattadakal:

From Bangalore distance 514 kms.

From Badami distance 22 kms.


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    • lex123 profile image
      Author

      lex123 2 years ago

      Happy to know you visited this place and wants to write a hub. Very good decision. I will be looking forward to read it.

    • Ahdilarum profile image

      Ahdilarum 2 years ago

      Recently I visited this place, planning to make hub about this place.

    • lex123 profile image
      Author

      lex123 6 years ago

      Thank you saroj for your visit and commenting.

    • saroj23 profile image

      saroj23 6 years ago

      Beautiful hub! Lovely pictures of the historical monuments.

    • lex123 profile image
      Author

      lex123 6 years ago

      Thank you saleheensblog for appreciating the hub. I'm glad to know that you too like architectural sites. These are architectural marvels built so many centuries ago. I wish you to get a chance to visit this world heritage site soon.

    • lex123 profile image
      Author

      lex123 6 years ago

      Thanks jparedesh for reading the hub and offering value to the hub through your comments. When you actually see them they are real marvels of architecture!

    • jparedes profile image

      jparedes 6 years ago from Makakilo, Hawaii

      Very intersting Hub! I love the photo's that depict, as you note, the love for art and architecture of the Chalukya monarchy.

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