ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visiting: Fatehpur Sikri Palace of the Mughal Emperor Jalaluddin Akbar

Updated on June 15, 2020
emge profile image

MG is an air warrior and a global traveler who loves to visit and explore new places and trends

Fatehpur Sikri-The Beginning

A bit of history

Jalaluddin Akbar is given the title 'the great' by modern historians. The greatest of the Mogul emperors. The magnitude of his empire can be gauged from the fact that he ruled over the subcontinent and that means he was ruling over an area as large as Europe without Russia.No European king as a rule over entire Europe.

Akbar's rise to the throne of Delhi can be called an act of Providence. The Hindu general Samrat Hem Chand Tuku Ram Vikramaditya popularly called Hemu had won 22 battles on the trot against the moguls and a final battle was fought in 1556 at Panipat about 60 miles from Delhi. From the word go Hemu was winning and Akbar and his general Bairam Khan were contemplating leaving the battlefield and escape to Kabul. That is the time providence took a hand and an arrow hit the eye of Hemu and he was rendered unconscious.

Akbar was able to defeat him and later beheaded the Hindu king. He became the ruler of Hindustan and set up court in Delhi. He was however restless and came to Agra in 1559. He liked the place and selected a site close to Agra called Fatehpur Sikri. This is a place 48 km from Agra and was the Mughal capital for 15 years from 1571-86. Fatehpur Sikri can be translated as 'City of Victory'; and is presently looked after by the Archeological Society of India (ASI) established during the days of the Raj by the British government.


The Palace of Akbar

The main attraction of Fatehpur Sikri is the palace of Akbar. It is a large opulent construction. The palace is open to visitors from 10 am to 6 pm on all days of the week and has an entry fee of Rs 20 for Indian visitors and Rs 100 ($2) for foreign tourists. It takes about one hour to traverse the palace and do justice to the monument.

UNESCO has classified this site as a World Heritage site. The palace is erected on a hill and the road winds upwards towards it. The palace was the abode of 3 favorite queens of Akbar and is so constructed that all 3 queens who were from different faiths could practice their religion in peace and privacy. His 3 queens were Rani Jodhabai who was a Hindu followed by Maryam who was a Christian and Ruqaiyya begum who was a Muslim.

The beauty of the palace is a small tower with 3 stories at the top. These towers 3 stories belonged to each of his 3 wives for prayers. The topmost floor was occupied by Rani Jodhabai who used it to scan the full moon during the festival of Karwa Chauth a festival for the long life of her husband.

The second floor was occupied by the Muslim wife who used it to scan the moon during the Id festival to break her fast.

The Christian wife occupied the last floor for her prayers to Jesus. She interests me a lot. As per Goan historian Luis de Assis Correia in his book 'Portuguese India and Mughal Relations 1510-1735', claims that Maryam Zamani (Mariam Zamani or Mariam-uz-Zamani) was, in reality, a Portuguese woman named Dona Maria Mascarenhas.

Maria Mascarenhas along with her younger sister Juliana Mascarenhas embarked on a journey from Lisbon to Goa in September 1558. On the way, their ship was captured by pirates, who took the ladies to the court of Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. Bahadur Shah in turn presented them to the Mughal court. Akbar fell in love with the elder sister and married her while the younger was married by Akbar to the fugitive French prince, Jean Philip Bourbon and both died in Agra.

Akbar was an extremely tolerant king and that he allowed all his three wives to practice their religions.

The Wives of Akbar

Each of the 3 wives also had separate enclosures which are the highlight of the palace. The palace of Akbar has some unique constructions. There is a pool for the 3 wives to take a dip and cool themselves. It is called Anoop Talao.

There is a large construction known as the Panch Mahal. The Panch Mahal is so constructed that cool breeze can easily circulate through it. This was the place where the queens passed their evenings savoring the cool breeze. There is also a large hall called the Divan-I- Khas where Akbar conducted his meetings. This was the place where Akbar who had an inquisitive mind conducted his discourses and discussions with eminent men of other faiths from Jainism, Hinduism, and Christianity.

The highlight of the palace is the large courtyard with a throne in the center. On this throne, Akbar and his wives sat and played Pachisi (a game akin to Ludo). All around the stone seat are colorful squares to play the game. Only in this case, the pawns were live women from Akbar harem. As Akbar and his wives threw the dice the women in colorful dresses changed position as per the numbers that fell. It was a colorful affair. The squares of the board are now faded and need restoration.

The walls of the palace have faded paintings that point to the grandeur of the building. These paintings need a lot of restoration work.

Last word

Close by the palace is the Moti Masjid a mosque dedicated to the Muslim saint Salim Chisti which Akbar often visited. The Mosque is built on the ruins of a Hindu temple destroyed by Akbar and its outer walls still support distinct Hindu motifs.

Fatehpur Sikri is 48 km from Agra and can be easily reached by taxi and luxury buses. Normally tourists who come from Delhi on a conducted tour to the Taj Mahal are also taken to Fatehpur Sikri. The palace closed after the death of Akbar. The reason was the water supply had dried up and the Mughals shifted their capital back to Delhi.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)